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Ahmad H. Sa’di

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/20/2013, SPi 2 Policies The realm of policies In the first chapter, I argued that an Israeli discourse was formed through the thorough discussions, birour, which were held during the first four years after Israel’s establishment, in which senior politicians and Arabists took part. This debate has continued, yet its boundaries have rarely been breached or amended. In this chapter, I shall discuss the way in which this discourse was translated into clear and firm policy principles. Although Foucault (2000, 2009) has argued that

in Thorough surveillance
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Harold L. Smith

12 Employment policy The white paper on employment policy has been portrayed as a dramatic shift in government policy, reflecting a wartime acceptance of Keynesian theories by both major parties. The following documents, however, reveal fundamental differences over employment policy which were not resolved during the war and which may account for the inconsistencies between different sections of the white paper. Conservative doubts about the economic controls associated with a full-employment policy were reinforced by F. A. Hayek's The Road to Serfdom. The 1947

in Britain in the Second World War
Promises and pitfalls

This edited volume examines how and under which conditions foreign policy analysis can be enriched by “domestic realm” public policy approaches, concepts, and theories. Public policy scholars dealing with the analysis of domestic policy fields, such as social and economic policy, interior affairs, or environmental policy, use a broad array of heuristics, concepts, and theories, including, for example, multiple streams, advocacy coalition or punctuated equilibrium approaches. However, the possible contribution of such approaches to the analysis of foreign policy has yet to be fully explored. With this purpose in mind, this edited volume devotes a chapter each on a selection of arguably the most important domestic public policy approaches and examines their transferability and adaptability to foreign policy analysis. Thereby the book points out how bridging the intra-disciplinary divide between the analysis of public policy and foreign policy can enrich foreign policy studies and shows how exactly foreign policy analysis can benefit from broadening its instruments for analysis. The edited volume also discusses under what conditions such a transfer is less promising due to the “sui generis” character of foreign policy.

Robert Garner

7 Animal protection and public policy The preceding four chapters have been concerned primarily with the substantive policy issues relating to the ways animals are treated. The extent of legislative intervention and the moral case for further legal restraints and behavioural alterations have been outlined. Public policy, of course, is not made in a vacuum and is never simply a product of moral principles, however valid one may think them to be. More important is the crucial contribution made by pressure groups. Indeed, without the concerted efforts of those who

in Animals, politics and morality
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Poor law practice in England, 1780– 1850

Pauper Policies examines how policies under both old and New Poor Laws were conceived, adopted, implemented, developed or abandoned. The author engages with recent literature on the experience and agency of poor relief recipients, and offers a fresh perspective on poor law administration. Through a ‘policy process’ approach, the author exposes several significant topics in poor law history which are currently unknown or poorly understood, each of which are explored in a series of thematic chapters. It contains important new research on the adoption and implementation of enabling acts at the end of the old poor laws, Gilbert’s Act of 1782 and Sturges Bourne’s Acts of 1818 and 1819; the exchange of knowledge about how best to provide poor relief in the final decades of the old poor law and formative decades of the New; and the impact of national scandals on policy-making in the new Victorian system. The volume points towards a new direction in the study of poor law administration, one which examines how people, both those in positions of power and the poor, could shape pauper policies. It is essential reading for anyone with an interest in welfare, poverty and society in eighteenth and nineteenth-century England, as well as those who want to understand the early workings of the welfare system.

A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector
Kevin O’Sullivan
and
Réiseal Ní Chéilleachair

efforts to assist refugees and it becomes easier to explain policy-makers’ short-termist tendencies. As Miliband put it, ‘The practice of humanitarian aid has been undermined by the fiction – sometimes convenient for donors in the midst of financial stress and host countries concerned about taking in permanent new residents – that the problems they seek to address are temporary’ ( Miliband, 2016 ). 1 Miliband’s solution to this problem was striking in its

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Instrumentality, scientization, degendering
Pat O’Connor

3 Policy priorities: instrumentality, scientization, degendering Introduction Since educational policy implicitly involves the definition of what constitutes valuable knowledge, as well as decisions about who will have access to that knowledge, and to what end, it is not surprising that the structure, current priorities and beliefs surrounding higher education reflect the balance of power between key stakeholders within a society at a particular moment in time. Higher educational systems reflect beliefs about the nature and purpose of higher education; about the

in Management and gender in higher education
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Georgina Blakeley
and
Brendan Evans

Skills policy, while often perceived as an adjunct to economic development, has become an increasingly important, independent policy area since 2017. Skills policy has many elements but it encompasses apprenticeships, the Adult Education Budget (AEB), the wider field of technical education and adult skills and training and retraining through such provision as City and Guilds qualifications. These aspects of national skills programmes are linked to public policy, but much training is also left to employers

in Devolution in Greater Manchester and Liverpool City Region
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Sean W. Burges

such as in Colombia with the FARC and ELN, and in Peru with the Sendero Luminoso. For Brazil the most threatening events were rebel actions in the Andes, but even here the risk was from transnational criminality, not military invasion. With the Ecuador–Peru conflict finally settled in 1998 Brazil consequently has had very little to worry about in terms of regional peace maintenance. With no real external military threats of its own and an absence of regional conflagrations to bring unwanted international attention and intervention to South America, Brazilian policy

in Brazil in the world
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Neil Collins
and
Andrew Cottey

3835 Understanding Chinese:Layout 1 12/7/12 11:05 Page 144 6 Foreign policy China’s rise – the emergence, or more accurately re-emergence, of China as a major power – is the single most important geo-political trend of the early twenty-first century. Its sustained high-level economic growth since the late 1970s has catapulted the PRC from being a very large but relatively poor country with a limited geopolitical footprint to being the emerging power of the twenty-first century with a major impact on all aspects of Asian and global affairs. China has become

in Understanding Chinese politics