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Religion and politics in the progress of 1578
Patrick Collinson

Chapter 4 . Pulling the strings: religion and politics in the progress of 1578 I I n July and August 1578, Elizabeth I and her court went on progress deep into East Anglia, the only extensive royal tour of that region. From 16 to 22 August the great travelling show reached the second city of the kingdom, Norwich, referred to by the Spanish Ambassador as ‘the North’.1 There are a number of episodes in the course of the 1578 progress which have made it into many accounts of Elizabethan history and culture, some of them literary. There was the encounter at

in This England
The Orchards of Syon (2002)
Jeffrey Wainwright

, here and there I pull a flower’ (p. 33). However, Hill claims ‘the nature of the true discourse of the mind … to be the central issue of The Anatomy of Melancholy ’, and goes on to argue how Burton’s method provides a truer anatomy of that discourse. A defence of The Orchards of Syon would need to identify, even anatomise, ‘the nature of the true discourse of the mind’, even though it is a discourse that risks stultiloquy. The book dotes upon memory. In The Triumph of Love memory was very much a public concern about historical

in Acceptable words
Conor Mulvagh

4 Dragging Ireland into the spotlight, pulling Ulster from the morass, 1910–14 To-day the cry of civil war is on the lips of the most responsible and sober-minded of my people. – George V, 21 July 19141 By 1909, with the Sinn Féin scare behind them after victory in North Leitrim, the decision was taken by the IPP leadership to put an abrupt end to its détente with the O’Brien and Healy factions. Although the party would now have to face down the AFIL at the polls, the ostracisation of mavericks made for a more orderly party and afforded much greater freedom to

in The Irish Parliamentary Party at Westminster, 1900–18
Arjun Claire

Evidence-based advocacy is all the rage in humanitarian action. It is premised on rational thinking, which posits that factual evidence can limit subjective bias in humanitarians’ call for change. Data has come to be a cornerstone of this turn towards reason, aggregating human stories in numbers and percentages, which when reaching an elusive threshold is expected to persuade decision-makers to act. This article claims that the prominence of data and facts comes at the cost of understanding people’s concerns and aspirations, and reveals an increasingly emotions-scarce and morally depleted humanitarian enterprise. Examining Médecins Sans Frontières concept of témoignage, the article argues that the pull between reason and emotion crystallises a more profound tension between the need for a professional and technical humanitarianism as opposed to a political and morally charged one. It concludes that the prism of solidarity can help reinvigorate humanitarian advocacy helping reconcile reason with emotion, combining practices of advocacy with those of activism, in turn creating the foundations of a more solidarist humanitarianism.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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The Face of the Star in Neorealisms Urban Landscape
Ora Gelley

Although Europa 51 (1952) was the most commercially successful of the films Roberto Rossellini made with the Hollywood star, Ingrid Bergman, the reception by the Italian press was largely negative. Many critics focussed on what they saw to be the ‘unreal’ or abstract quality of the films portrayal of the postwar urban milieu and on the Bergman character‘s isolation from the social world. This article looks at how certain structures of seeing that are associated in the classical style with the woman as star or spectacle - e.g., the repetitious return to her fixed image, the resistance to pulling back from the figure of the woman in order to situate her within a determinate location and set of relationships between characters and objects - are no longer restricted to her image but in fact bleed into or “contaminate” the depiction of the world she inhabits. In other words, whereas the compulsive return to the fixed image of the woman tends to be contained or neutralised by the narrative economy and editing patterns (ordered by sexual difference) of the classical style, in Rossellini‘s work this ‘insistent’ even aberrant framing in relation to the woman becomes a part of the (female) characters and the cameras vision of the ‘pathology’ of the urban landscape in the aftermath of the war.

Film Studies
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

to be the opening salvo in a two-year-long propaganda campaign. The Claims Opponents of dedicated search and rescue (SAR) missions in the Mediterranean had long criticised such efforts for being a ‘pull factor encouraging more migrants to attempt the dangerous sea’ ( House of Lords, 2016 ) 3 or a ‘magnet’ ( Farrell, 2014 ) or a ‘bridge’ ( Anetzberger, 2014 ) for migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. Before the arrival of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

assistance doing more harm than good in terms of perpetuating the conflict that is causing the humanitarian suffering in the first place? Again, this is not a new consideration ( Minear, 1997 ). On the one hand, almost by definition, ‘pulling the plug’ on humanitarian assistance means a greater loss of life in the short term, which few humanitarians are willing to countenance. On the other hand, even when some humanitarian agencies have taken a principled stand on this issue and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

the room ’. This phenomenon was observed in nearly every consensus process. In short, some members assert their authority over a consensus-based process and overtly influence the outcome beyond consideration of the evidence. This may be based on the political power of the agency or the reputation or experience of the individual. In some cases, another influential member may be able to pull a consensus process back on track if it is going astray

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

humanitarian assistance. The third challenge is the effect and influence of donor funding. Its policies and implementation act as ‘push and pull’ influences across the sector, causing dispersion of resources and ultimately a loss of efficiency and impact. The final challenge is described as structural, where ‘top-down’ innovation, community experimentation and donor constraints need to be addressed. Without resolution of these four challenges, real transformational change through

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

, as Susan Sontag did in Regarding the Pain of Others (2003) , what to make of the ‘vast repository of images’ (114) generated over the course of nearly two centuries of humanitarian photography – an endless archive of photos and now videos of atrocity, famine and the devastation of war – a more unsettling perspective emerges. We can pull it all up on our screens right now. Should we? Sontag distinguishes this broader question – whether we have an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs