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Ronald Hyam

was launching his own purge, and broke the hold of the immigrant vice merchants. Prostitution in South Africa reverted once more to its indigenous base. Reversal of the trend towards turning the whole world into the white man’s brothel had begun. 31 The Purity Campaign We know no spectacle so ridiculous as the British public in one of

in Empire and sexuality
Caste-based discrimination and the mobilisation of Dalit sameness
Ted Svensson

11 Pollution and purity: caste-based discrimination and the mobilisation of Dalit sameness Ted Svensson Introduction In January 2016 Rohit Vermula, a doctoral student at the University of Hyderabad, took his own life to protest against his and four other Dalit (‘Untouchable’) students’ ban from entering key university buildings, including their university accommodation, and the cessation of scholarship funding on the basis of, as it turned out, an unfounded allegation that they had assaulted a member of Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, a student ­association

in The politics of identity
Ian Miller

5 Purity, adulteration and national economic decline ሉሊ In 1860, Denis Moylan, the newly appointed Lord Mayor of Dublin, instigated a campaign to clamp down on butchers who knowingly sold contaminated meat. Moylan’s crusade garnered considerable support from the Irish Times – a newspaper that, in subsequent years, tirelessly vilified butchers, warning on one occasion that ‘the poor are plundered in every conceivable manner and to an unconceivable degree’.1 The newspaper’s numerous editorials on the subject portrayed Dublin’s poorest residents as daily exposed

in Reforming food in post-Famine Ireland
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
The stardom of Catherine Deneuve
Editors: Lisa Downing and Sue Harris

Few screen icons have provoked as much commentary, speculation and adulation as the 'she' of this plaudit, Catherine Deneuve. This book begins with a brief overview of Deneuve's career, followed by a critical survey of the field of theoretical star studies, highlighting its potential and limitations for European, and particularly French, film scholarship. It argues the need for the single-star case study as a model for understanding the multiple signifying elements of transnational stardom. Her first role, at the age of 13, was a brief appearance as a schoolgirl in André Hunebelle's Collégiennes/The Twilight Girls. It was in 1965 that Roman Polanski would cast Catherine Deneuve in Repulsion, described by one critic as a 'one-woman show' in a role that would effectively create a persona which would resonate throughout her future film career. The darker shades of the Deneuve persona are in even greater evidence in Tristana. Demy's Donkey Skin is arguably an equal source of the tale's iconic status in France today, and largely because of Deneuve. The book also investigates films of the 1970s; their role in shaping her star persona and the ways in which they position Deneuve in relation to French political culture. The book considers exactly why directors gravitate towards Deneuve when trying to evoke or represent forms of female homosexual activity on film, and to consider exactly what such directors actually make Deneuve do and mean once they have her performing these particular forms of lesbian relation.

Vampires and the Spectre of Miscegenation
Kimberly Frohreich

This article explores the trend in contemporary vampire media to highlight racially-charged issues, demonstrating a consciousness of the way the vampire has been used in conjunction with racial stigmatisation. While the traditional figure of the vampire spoke strongly to late nineteenth-,and early twentieth-century white American fears of miscegenation, I argue that some contemporary vampire narratives, such as Blade (1998), Underworld (2003), and True Blood (2008-), rewrite the figure in order to question and/or undo,the link between ‘monstrosity’ and racial otherness. Central to this task is not only the repositioning and characterisation of the vampire, but also — considering that the female body was once perceived as the locus for racial purity — that of the heroine.

Gothic Studies
Abstract only
Post-9/11 Aesthetics of Uncertainty in PlayDead‘s Limbo (2010)
Graeme Pedlingham

This paper explores the Gothic videogame Limbo (PlayDead, 2010) in terms of an aesthetic and conceptual precariousness and preoccupation with uncertainty that, I suggest, are particularly associated with the traumatic legacy of 9/11. It engages with Judith Butler s post-9/11 reflections in her work Precarious Life: The Powers of Mourning and Violence (2004) on the loss of presumed safety and security in the First World. From here, she expresses the potential for shared experiences of vulnerability to inaugurate an ethics of relationality, without recourse to investment in systems of security. I then contrast this with an alternative critical trajectory that emphasises the use-value of such systems over a desire for moral purity. This critical framework is considered in relation to the treatment of vulnerability in Limbo, through its construction of a dialogic relationship between its diegetic game-world and the formal structure of its game-system. The former is found to articulate a pervasive experience of uncertainty, whilst the latter provides a sense of security. I draw upon psychoanalyst D. W. Winnicott‘s theories of play and creative living to argue that the tension between game-world and game-system in Limbo creates a model of how uncertainty can be dwelt with, through a precarious balance between the use of systems of security and disengagement from them.

Gothic Studies
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

changed, but they still involve the maintenance of distance between foreign interveners and local populations. While colonial regimes ‘cordoned itself off from the native world’ ( Stoler, 1995 : 112) based on notions of racial purity, MSF tries to preserve the supposed detachment of foreign fieldworkers, who must not become ‘polluted’ by personal proximity to local political networks. Imperial duress lingers in the perceived dangers that ‘proximity’ presents to ‘neutrality’, and the description of ‘locals’ as open to corruption or tied up in particularistic loyalties

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot, Lisa DiPangrazio, Dorcas Acen, Veronica Gatpan, and Ronald Apunyo

). Existing research suggests there are specific social norms related to child marriage, specifically norms related to girls’ education, adolescent girls’ sexuality/purity, the expectation that girls bear children and the changing roles of parents in their daughters’ lives ( Schaffnit et al. , 2019 ; de Groot et al. , 2018 ; Jones et al. , 2018 ; Murphy-Graham and Leal, 2015 ). However, social norms do not operate in isolation and may overlap with other drivers. Most existing research on child marriage focuses on context-dependent drivers affecting the marriage of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The British Experience
Author: Ronald Hyam

This book tries to show how sexual attitudes and activities influenced the lives of the imperial elite as well as the subjects of empire. It begins with an examination of the nature of sexuality and of its influence on individuals. The book argues that sexual dynamics crucially underpinned the whole operation of British empire and Victorian expansion. Sexual needs can be imperative, and people will go to extraordinary lengths to satisfy them. The book considers the behaviour of members of the imperial ruling elite, and examines their attitude to marriage and the relationship between their private lives and service of the empire. It looks at sexual opportunity in some different types of imperial situation, both formal and informal, in an attempt to see how sexual interaction underpinned the operative structures of British expansion. As the keeping of mistresses was not uncommon in eighteenth-century Britain, the keeping of a mistress in British India became a well-established practice. Europeans in India could flirt outrageously, but they must not fall in love or marry. To keep the women free from disease, Indian prostitutes were admitted to the cantonments, to the lal bazar after medical examination and registration, where they were given periodical checks. Official reaction against sexual opportunism began in earnest with the Purity Campaign launched in 1869, which changed the visible face of British life and attitudes. Undoubtedly there was thereafter more decorum, more chastity, less opportunity and less fun.