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Concepts, measures and policy processes

The European Union and its member states are investing in ambitious programmes for ‘better regulation’ and targets of regulatory quality. This book lifts the veil of excessively optimistic propositions covering the whole better-regulation agenda, and provides a conceptual framework to handle the political complexity of regulatory governance. It approaches better regulation as an emerging public policy, with its own political context, actors, problems, rules of interaction, instruments, activities and impacts. Focusing on the key tools of impact assessment, consultation, simplification and access to legislation, the chapters provide empirical evidence on the progress made in the member states and in Brussels, drawing on an extensive research project and an original survey of directors of better-regulation programmes in Europe. They show how indicators define, measure and appraise better-regulation policy, linking measures to policy processes in which the stakeholders learn by monitoring. Although better regulation is a top priority for competitiveness in Europe and the legitimacy of EU policy, the level of commitment and the development of tools vary considerably. The major challenge for better regulation is institutionalisation—this calls for clear choices in terms of what the EU wants from better regulation.

Claudio M. Radaelli and Fabrizio De Francesco

1 Appraising regulatory policy Introduction This chapter introduces our approach to the measurement of better regulation policy, in the context of the wider discussion of regulatory quality appraisal. It can also be read as a summary of the main arguments developed throughout the book. The notion of policy appraisal (Owens et al., 2004) covers a broad set of approaches and techniques. Ultimately, however, appraisal hinges on the idea of answering the question of whether a policy is successful or not. The concepts of ‘good regulatory governance’ and ‘highquality

in Regulatory quality in Europe
Masahiro Mogaki

7 Regulatory transformation and the core executive Japan and its politics has long been a significant topic of research. With the emergence of observers highlighting the transformation of the state after the 1980s, the nature and transformation of the Japanese state of the period offers a timely contribution to understanding governance and public policy scholarship. The case studies in Part II explicitly disclose the significance of the core executive as key to explaining governance and regulation, with its unusual approach based on the conventional process

in Understanding governance in contemporary Japan
Masahiro Mogaki

4 Regulatory state transformation with an unusual approach This chapter examines the specific characteristics of Japan’s ICT ­regulation after the 1980s. The chapter first considers the impact of state transformation through the institutional characteristics of the ICT regulator as a ministry and the lack of an independent regulator. The impact of the collective view and power relations between state actors regarding issues such as regulatory organisations exemplify the development of state transformation. Japan offers an unusual example in which only a limited

in Understanding governance in contemporary Japan
Josef W. Konvitz

7 Regulatory governance, risk, and the new security economies Regulatory reform and risk management When asked to do something, anything, the first instinct of an elected official or policy-maker under pressure is often to propose a new rule or regulation. Whenever people want to attack bureaucracy, they cite incomprehensible, stupid, or ineffective regulations, the sheer cost of compliance, red tape, regulatory complexity – the lot. Faced with more risks, responding to more accidents and crises, and concerned not to be found negligent in the future, governments

in Cities and crisis
Jonathan Michie

7 Regulatory issues and industrial policy in football 1 Jonathan Michie and Christine Oughton Introduction The peculiar economics of professional sports leagues has long been recognised (see Neale, 1964). Traditionally, the essence of the problem was seen to lie in the fact that sports leagues and the individual clubs that make up the league provide a joint product that depends on effective co-operation between competing clubs. Clubs agree to join, and be regulated by, a league because co-operation in the supply of a joint product increases the economic value

in Market relations and the competitive process
Tim Snelson

This article focuses on a cycle of late 1960s true crime films depicting topical mass/serial murders. It argues that the conjoined ethical and aesthetic approaches of these films were shaped within and by a complex climate of contestation as they moved from newspaper headlines to best-sellers lists to cinema screens. While this cycle was central to critical debates about screen violence during this key moment of institutional, regulatory and aesthetic transition, they have been almost entirely neglected or, at best, misunderstood. Meeting at the intersection of, and therefore falling between the gaps, of scholarship on the Gothic horror revival and New Hollywood’s violent revisionism, this cycle reversed the generational critical divisions that instigated a new era in filmmaking and criticism. Adopting a historical reception studies approach, this article challenges dominant understandings of the depiction and reception of violence and horror in this defining period.

Film Studies
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

prescriptive code, which emphasized what not to do’ (299). But Nissinen, whose essay is based on ethnographic work carried out among professional photographers and communications staff of NGOs in Bangladesh, sees the downside to regulatory efforts too. ‘Increased reliance on regulatory ethical codes … homogenizes the image economy’ and ‘undermines individual agency and the personal code of accountability by image producers, creating a system of inflexible conformity to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

assigned to ‘humanitarian effectiveness’ ( Redfield, 2012 ) and how the sector should relate to a developing global regulatory framework that is accompanied by an evolving global ‘techno-legal consciousness’ ( Sandvik, 2018 ), where data protection and privacy are seen as basic rights ( Hosein and Nyst, 2013 ). My objective is to interrogate the ambiguous position of digital humanitarian goods developed at the interface of the affordances of emergency response contexts, the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

claim that violence results from a lack of respect for the sanctity of life is perhaps most indicative of a mythological history of violence. Girard was the most incisive thinker on this history, showing that all social orders are born of some original traumatic sacrificial act ( Girard, 2005 ). But this sacrifice is nothing to be lamented. It becomes the regulatory taboo, which, giving sacred meaning to life, means that we have a much better grasp on its metaphysical purpose. The sacrificial act is loaded with moral and political symbolism, presenting before us what

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs