Finding a sustainable future in the neo-liberal university

188 10 ‘In the climate of continuing financial restraint’: Finding a sustainable future in the neo-​liberal university The election of Ronald Reagan as US president in 1980 heralded the arrival of a new era for the Fulbright Program. Policies profoundly opposed to government intervention were to transform the relationship of public institutions and programs to their sources  of funding and the political support of their programs.1 Free market economics promising increased wealth brought major cutbacks in government spending across the board. Public

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

eclipsed the original meaning of the concept – that is, the signatories’ commitment to respect medical facilities in the first Geneva Convention, Article 1 of which states that ‘Ambulances 2 and military hospitals shall be recognized as neutral, and as such, protected and respected by the belligerents as long as they accommodate wounded and sick’. From that perspective, neutrality is a principle of restraint that should apply to the belligerents, not humanitarian organisations. We might add, if only to better appreciate how far we have come from that first Convention

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Brian McFarlane’s The never-ending Brief Encounter is above all a book intended for those who have seen and never forgotten the famous 1945 film in which two decent, middle-class people meet by chance, unexpectedly fall in love, but in the end acknowledge the claims of others. The book grew out of an article, the writing of which revealed that there was so much more to the after-life of the film than the author had realised. This book examines David Lean’s film in sufficient detail to bring its key situations vividly to life, and to give an understanding of how it reworks Nöel Coward’s somewhat static one-act play to profound effect. It also examines the ways in which the ‘comic relief’ is made to work towards the poignant ending. However, the main purpose of the book is to consider the remarkable after-life the film has given rise to. The most specific examples of this phenomenon are, of course, the appalling film remake with its miscast stars, and the later stage versions – both bearing the original title and attracting well-known players and positive audience and critical response – and an opera! As well, there are films and TV series which have ‘quoted’ the film (usually via black-and-white inserts) as commentary on the action of the film or series. There are many other films that, without direct quotation, seem clearly to be echoing their famous predecessor; for example, in the haunting visual quality of a deserted railway platform.

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widely, if not universally, accepted. Yet this transformation is not without its dangers. It poses a threat not just to the theory of just war – compromising its critical force and utility – but also to the practice that the theory seeks to shape or influence. Classically and, it seems, authentically, just war theory is aimed more at the restraint of war than it is at its justification. Upholding the moral primacy of peace over

in Political concepts

interpretation it is possible to discern two aspects of reasonableness, one epistemological, the other moral. Our aim in this chapter is to examine two arguments that purport to underpin the move from the reasonableness of pluralism to the injustice of imposition. On the one hand, there are those (including, for the most part, Rawls) who hold that, since pluralism about conceptions of the good is reasonable, we must not, in attempting to settle questions of justice, invoke the truth of any conception of the good. This is the method of avoidance (or of epistemological restraint

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
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Advice, etiquette and expectation

, including politeness, modesty and restraint. Journey etiquette books functioned at one level as alternative, behaviourfocused versions of the Baedeker and Murray travel handbooks that were j 74 J no nice girl swears also enormously popular in this period. While these books did not achieve the cultural resonance of the latter, they shared the aim of providing as much information as was necessary in this case to ensure that their readers’ journeys were efficient, rewarding and free of difficulty. In the preface to the 1889 guide Hints to Lady Travellers at Home and Abroad

in Women, travel and identity

6 1 Towards a theory of thrift Capitalism as the parasite of thrift Mention thrift to most current-​day academics in marketing, cultural studies or even cultural geography circles and one of the first theories they mention will be that of Daniel Miller in his A Theory of Shopping (2013). Using evidence from ethnographic research in north London, Miller argues that whilst shopping trips often begin by being about the pleasure of spending money, they frequently shift to focusing on saving money, and play upon traditional notions of restraint and sobriety being

in A brief history of thrift

. In what sense, if any, can these truths about the political world be squared with liberalism’s normative commitment to a morally constrained politics? Building upon Stephen Macedo’s notion of liberalism as a ‘moderate hegemony’, what I want to suggest is that the answer to this question lies in the manner in which liberalism rules, especially in relation to its non-liberal internal enemies. While in a liberal state liberals will necessarily be masters, they will be what I want to call ‘restrained masters’. And it is through this restraint that they not only respect

in Liberal realism
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space of the working-class family was located inside one of a row of small terraced houses, while beyond lay what was now the public space of the open street. 14 Nineteenth-century urban development, then, created large areas that were in new ways open to all. Public, however, did not mean free of restraint. On the contrary, the principle from the start was that space, precisely because it was public, had to be kept clear of obstructions; if all were to be able to avail of it, then some potential uses could not be tolerated. In place of the

in Civic identity and public space
A critical reassessment

’s decade of growth indicates that the objective of maintaining growth actually impeded the achievement of many important social goals, for two reasons. First, since the southern Irish state correctly realised that the main incentive to attract transnational corporations (TNCs) was low corporate taxes, it pursued a neo-liberal growth model that matched low taxes and fiscal restraint with minimal government interference in business. Second, for several reasons, including a spurious association of fiscal restraint with economic success, the state abjectly failed to mobilise

in The end of Irish history?