5 Women as Revivalists S erena Thorne was born in 1842, the ninth of Mary O’Bryan and Samuel Thorne’s thirteen children. She grew up in a tense household; her parents were often at odds, Samuel’s business ventures, including the Bible Christian Connexional printing company, did not go well, and he alienated his elder sons. Perilous family finances probably meant her education was largely at home. The surviving portions of her mother’s diary do not record her conversion, but at age eleven Mary thought her ‘very pious.’ Her sister remembered her as ‘lively and
The need for a single public culture - the creation of an authentic identity - is fundamental to our understanding of nationalism and nationhood. This book considers how manufactured cultural identities are expressed. It explores how notions of Britishness were constructed and promoted through architecture, landscape, painting, sculpture and literature, and the ways in which the aesthetics of national identities promoted the idea of nation. The idea encompassed the doctrine of popular freedom and liberty from external constraint. Particular attention is paid to the political and social contexts of national identities within the British Isles; the export, adoption and creation of new identities; and the role of gender in the forging of those identities. The book examines the politics of land-ownership as played out within the arena of the oppositional forces of the Irish Catholics and the Anglo-Irish Protestant ascendancy. It reviews the construction of a modern British imperial identity as seen in the 1903 durbar exhibition of Indian art. The area where national projection was particularly directed was in the architecture and the displays of the national pavilions designed for international exhibitions. Discussions include the impact of Robert Bowyer's project on the evolution of history painting through his re-representation of English history; the country houses with architectural styles ranging from Gothic to Greek Revivalist; and the place of Arthurian myth in British culture. The book is an important addition to the field of postcolonial studies as it looks at how British identity creation affected those living in England.
the nationalist challenge into closer alignment with colonial politics. The paradoxical role of colonial masculinity does indeed recontextualise the meaning of the revivalist–nationalist opposition to the Consent Bill. In the opposition against the Consent Bill, it was not just domestic reform that was sacrificed at the altar of a more militant nationalist politics: rather, nationalist politics
1860s was later substituted by cynicism following Oscar Wilde’s fall from grace.2 The term ‘Celtic Twilight’ – as coined by Yeats in his story collection of the same name in 1893 – also came under scrutiny; in the Oxford English Dictionary, we find a somewhat mocking comment by Aldous Huxley in his 1923 work On Margin: ‘If Mr. Yeats understood the Einstein theory … he too could give us, out of the Celtic twilight, his lyrics of relativity’.3 Clearly the Celtic Revivalists’ lofty aims were drawing their doubters and critics. It is easy, particularly within
that cultural quest was the landscape itself ’.2 Yet certain American modernist writers, inspired by the focus placed on rural Ireland by the Celtic Revivalists, romanticised the Irish landscape that they read about in books or newspapers, or saw depicted in postcards or paintings – with the result that this landscape was not necessarily ‘authentic’, at least in terms of its relation to reality. In turn, the ‘culture’ that they found within this landscape was not necessarily authentic either. The ‘landscape itself ’ was read into this ‘cultural quest’, then, but not
House in Ireland in Reality and Representation, these houses provided a ‘power base through which the English government controlled the island’. 27 The country houses built in Ulster during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries incorporated a wide range of architectural styles, from Gothic to Greek Revivalist. In their book The Houses of Ireland, de Breffny and Ffolliott suggest that
Benjamin Disraeli (1804–81), from 1845, which has a Gothic revivalist slant. One of the features common to both novels is a highly political intent, an aspect one can hardly fail to miss, even if absorbed in the plot. Indeed their plots are similar, both having, in important respects, the same contours, though the circumstantial detail in each is distinctive. Each novel has a heroine who is an embodiment of
they contributed to the development of interior design as a professional activity, which would become a stand-alone occupation in the century to come. Decorators such as Georges Rémon, equally well-versed in revivalist and Art Nouveau interiors, also invented interior decorating schemes that paid lip service to the more recent political regimes of the nineteenth century (Second Republic style, Louis-Philippe style, Napoléon III style) and paved the way for what would later become the Art Deco style. Rémon’s workshop designed not only the various period rooms at the
1945. Early opposition to French rule in Algeria In late nineteenth-century Algeria the Islamic revivalist movement Nahda sought to protect Muslim culture against the corrosive effects of French colonisation. And in the decade before the First World War French-educated members of the Young Algerian movement distinguished between the liberal
A response to the prominent Methodist historian David Hempton's call to analyse women's experience within Methodism, this book deals with British Methodist women preachers over the entire nineteenth century, with special emphasis on the Primitive Methodists and Bible Christians. The book covers women preachers in Wesley's lifetime, the reason why some Methodist sects allowed women to preach and others did not, and the experience of Bible Christian and Primitive Methodist female evangelists before 1850. It also describes the many other ways in which women supported their chapel communities. The second half of the book includes the careers of mid-century women revivalists, the opportunities, home and foreign missions offered for female evangelism, the emergence of deaconess evangelists and Sisters of the People in late century, and the brief revival of female itinerancy among the Bible Christians.