This chapter interrogates the ideas of Ghanaian-British philosopher, Kwame Anthony Appiah, about Pan-Africanism, including critiquing what Appiah regarded as the racist essentialism of early Pan-Africanists such as Alexander Crummell.
This chapter analyses the Pan-Africanism of Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah within the controversial 1966 debate by Kenyan scholar, Ali Mazrui, that Nkrumah will be remembered more as a great Pan-African than a great Ghanaian.
This chapter assesses Martinique’s Aimé Césaire and Senegal’s Léopold Senghor development of the idea of négritude which glorified black culture, looking back nostalgically at a rich African past, and affirming the worth and dignity of black people across the globe.
This chapter traces Garvey’s struggles to lead a “Back to Africa” Movement through the Universal Negro Improvement and Conservation Association and African Communities Imperial League (UNIA), as well as his activism in the US and Caribbean.
This chapter assesses the work of another pioneering woman feminist, Senegal’s Mariama Bâ, through her two major novels which call for the development of a liberated, egalitarian, and progressive African society, free of patriarchy.
Pan-Africanism within a Politics of Respectability
This chapter examines the activism of African-American writer, poet, singer, and actress, Maya Angelou through her autobiographies which described her three-year sojourn in Kwame Nkrumah’s Ghana between 1962 and 1965, and her time in Egypt between 1961 and 1962.
This chapter assesses the Pan-Africanist activism of South African singer, Miriam Makeba, who used her music and speeches to campaign against apartheid at the UN and other international fora. She also lived in Guinea, and travelled across Africa and its Diaspora spreading her message.
This collection of lively biographical essays examines historical and contemporary Pan-Africanism as an ideology of emancipation and unity. The volume covers thirty-six major figures, including well-known Pan-Africanists such as W.E.B. Du Bois, Marcus Garvey, Amy Ashwood Garvey, C.L.R. James, George Padmore, Kwame Nkrumah, Frantz Fanon, Steve Biko, and Thabo Mbeki, as well as popular figures not typically identified with mainstream Pan-Africanism such as Maya Angelou, Mariama Bâ, Buchi Emecheta, Miriam Makeba, Ruth First, Wangari Maathai, Wole Soyinka, Derek Walcott, V.Y. Mudimbe, Léopold Senghor, Malcolm X, Bob Marley, and Fela Anikulapo-Kuti. The book explores the history and pioneers of the movement; the quest for reparations; politicians; poets; activists; as well as Pan-Africanism in the social sciences, philosophy, literature, and its musical activists. With contributions from a diverse and prominent group of African, Caribbean, and African-American scholars, The Pan-African Pantheon is a comprehensive and diverse introductory reader for specialists and general readers alike.