This chapter focuses on two conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa: the Rwandan genocide of 1994 and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) conflict in Northern Uganda between 1987 and 2006. It investigates the challenges faced by African societies during and after conflicts and in particular the difficulties experienced by children born of war (CBOW) in the processes of post-conflict reconstruction. The chapter explains the sexual violence, which formed a critical part of the Rwandan genocide, as well as the ferocious brutalities, which were directed at the women. In order to understand the significance of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) for the returnees in the reintegration process, it is important to consider the basis of pre-colonial and post-colonial social organisation in many African countries. Post-conflict reintegration and related gender issues examined the roles of females within the LRA on the basis of surveys, which threw light on the abduction experiences of the women.