Mau Mau was a disease which had been eradicated, and must never be remembered again'. When Jomo Kenyatta spoke these words in 1962, he was referring to the Mau Mau uprising against British colonial rule, which was among the bloodiest colonial wars in history. This chapter reviews some main features of the Mau Mau uprising and the following war against the so-called freedom fighters. It addresses the different phases of issues connected to Mau Mau and its remembrance. The chapter focuses on the politics of remembrance propagated in the Kenyatta and Moi eras. It examines the changes during the Kibaki years in the context of transnational collective memories. The Mau Mau wars have thus constantly been of central importance to internal Kenyan debates and a key to the Kenyans' self-image. The Kimathi monument was the first central monument dedicated to Mau Mau in Kenya.