Index
in The Irish tower house

Index

Note: ‘n.’ after a page reference indicates the number of a note on that page. Page references in italic refer to illustrations.

1641 Rebellion 22, 194
Anbally Castle 35
Anglo-Irish
ethnic group 1, 14, 27, 80, 197–8, 210, 229, 231, 244
government 9, 13, 21, 67
territory 4, 21, 23, 27, 43, 51, 63, 69, 78, 91, 94, 103, 109, 111, 122, 148, 150, 211, 217, 227, 232–3
see also Pale, the
Anglo-Norman Invasion/colonisation 20, 43, 67, 103, 121, 144, 160, 164, 175, 197, 237
Annamult Castle 98, 243
Antrim, County 21, 77, 137
Ardee, County Louth 78, 101, 102, 164, 166–7, 181, 183, 209, 214, 233
Ardglass Castle/the Newark 140, 160, 172, 185, 190
Ardglass, County Down 73, 118–20, 137, 140, 149, 163, 172–3, 175, 180, 185, 186, 188, 206, 214, 227
Ardkeen Castle 56, 132
Ardmayle Castle 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 35, 43, 50, 53, 71
Ardmulchan, County Meath 58, 127, 153
Armagh, County 91, 224
Athboy, County Meath 94, 104, 164–6, 181–2, 209, 214
Athlumney Castle 101, 240
Athy, County Kildare 130, 149, 150–2
Atlantic World 2, 119, 192, 209, 228, 230, 234
Audley's Castle 36, 56, 132, 140, 150, 188
Aughnanure Castle 36, 37, 40
Augustinians 98, 166
Ballingarry Castle 86, 173
Ballinlaw Castle 6, 145, 239
Ballyduff Castle 240
Ballyhack, County Wexford 128, 201
Castle 110, 119, 120, 142–3, 201
Ballymaloe Castle 240
Ballynacarriga Castle 81, 82, 107
Ballynahinch Castle 27, 29, 31, 33, 34, 35, 50, 131, 151
Baltimore, County Cork 111, 113, 114, 129, 134, 218
Bangor Castle 11, 176, 190
Barryscourt Castle 28
Bartlett, Richard 27, 28, 41, 42, 51, 52, 91
bawn(s) 8, 22, 24, 28, 31, 33, 35–42, 54, 55, 58, 59, 108, 134–5, 150, 152, 215
Bective Abbey 70, 122, 130, 243
Belfast 137, 218
Belvelly Castle 186
betaghs 27, 47, 50, 63, 68
Black Death 4, 11, 21, 24, 47, 48, 49, 62, 68, 71, 75, 77, 79, 87, 98, 199, 203–4, 230, 235–7, 242
booleying 52, 63, 65, 71, 75, 87
Bourchier's Castle 55–6, 57, 59
Brady's Castle 176, 178–9
bridge castles 91, 149–51, 162
bridges 24, 29, 85, 91, 124–5, 140–2, 144–54, 156, 158, 165, 166, 167, 168, 174, 180, 183, 187
Bristol 103, 110, 128, 130, 131, 149, 197
Brownsford Castle 101
Buttevant Castle 173
Camphire Castle 131, 165
Carlingford, County Louth 102, 118, 138, 171, 176, 184, 185, 186–7, 191n.1, 194, 196, 206, 210, 214, 219, 220, 233
Carlow, County 40, 216
Carrickdexter Castle/Slanecastle Demesne 58, 130, 152, 166, 240
Carrickfergus, County Antrim 138, 196, 208, 221
Carrick-on-Suir, County Tipperary 71, 85, 88, 100, 101–2, 120, 145, 171–2, 181
Carrigafoyle Castle 131, 136, 215
Carrowbrickeen Castle 136
Cashelboy Castle 61, 178, 179, 243
Cashlaundarragh Castle 59
Castleboy Castle 60
Castle Island Castle 142, 222
Castlejordan Castle 152
Castlelake Castle 131, 151
Causestown Castle 164–5
causeways 124–5, 140–2
Cavan, County 123, 154, 219
cellar settlement 61–2, 121
Chester 98, 110, 186
Cistercians 70, 80, 98, 119, 130, 142, 201, 203, 243
Clare, County 123
Claregalway Castle 243–4
Clonmel, County Tipperary 100, 101, 128, 133, 181, 216, 219
Clonmines, County Wexford 73
Confederate Wars 22, 143, 194
Conna Castle 99, 151
Connacht 48, 49, 225
Connemara 23, 116
Conva Castle 151–2
Coolhill Castle 130, 133, 134
Cork
city 132, 147, 182, 196, 199, 218, 225
county 66, 72, 110, 127, 151, 152, 171, 215–16
earldom/earls of 18, 66, 72–3, 99–100, 136, 148–9, 168
Cowd Castle 140, 141, 172
Cratloekeel Castle 72
Cratloemoyle Castle 72
creaght(ing) 14, 52, 63, 65, 75–6, 112
Cromwellian Wars 49, 63
Cross East Castle 61, 178, 243
cruck construction 8, 35, 40–1
Dalkey, County Dublin 118, 137, 167, 171, 179, 187, 219, 226
Dardistown Castle 83
deer parks 20, 26, 102, 158
Derrymaclaughna Castle 60
deserted medieval villages (DMV) 26, 31, 35, 43, 48, 59, 62, 86, 94
Desmond, earldom/earls of 21, 99–100, 114, 127, 131, 145, 168, 200, 215
Desmond Rebellion 22, 55, 99
Dingle, County Kerry 114, 127, 215
Dissolution of the Monasteries 5, 19, 66, 68, 70, 99, 115, 119, 120, 177, 242–3
Dominicans 168, 185–6, 206
Donegal, County 23, 117–8
Donore Castle 15, 16, 92, 164
Doolin Castle 71
Doonnagore Castle 71, 136
dovecotes 10, 26, 29, 38, 40, 54, 102
Dowdall family 6, 177
Down, County 7, 21, 80, 86, 98, 125, 135–7, 138, 142, 155, 176, 180, 186, 188, 191, 203, 221–2, 227, 239
Downmacpatrick Castle 186
Dowth Castle 40, 69, 101, 130
Drogheda, County Louth/Meath 100–1, 126–7, 129–30, 137, 145, 147, 149, 155, 162, 163, 172, 175, 181, 188, 196, 200, 203, 206, 209, 211, 214, 217, 225
Dublin
county 21, 40, 47, 89n.1, 94, 118, 138, 196, 203, 209, 214, 227
Dundalk, County Louth 183
Dunmanus Castle 115, 116
Dunmoe Castle 56, 58, 83, 106, 107, 153
Dunnaman Castle 58
Dún na Seád/Baltimore Castle 111
Dysart Castle 99, 101
Dysert O'Dea Castle 35
earth-and-timber castles 15, 20, 35, 87, 240
Easky Castle 117
Exeter 111, 185
Fennor Castle 101, 130, 152, 165
Fermanagh, County 123
Fermoy, County Cork 125, 149
ferries 24, 124, 131, 140–7, 149, 154
Ferrycarrig Castle 142, 143, 144–5
Fethard, County Tipperary 167–71, 179, 186, 188, 216, 219
Fiddaun Castle 134, 135
field systems 47, 68–71, 75, 165, 204, 231
fish
eels 81, 96, 98, 99, 101, 102–4, 195, 205
ling 109
mackerel 110
oysters 115
fishponds 24, 26, 89, 98, 102–9, 121, 232
fish traps 97–8, 113, 116, 121, 232
fish weirs 29, 61, 80–1, 83–4, 86, 95–106, 113, 121, 122, 142, 152, 157, 214, 232
Flanders 5, 112, 161, 180
fords 91, 118, 124, 140–1, 146, 151–4, 156, 158, 174
fortified houses 105, 149, 165, 233, 239
Fraine Castle 36, 164–5
Franciscans 243–4
Gaelic-Irish
ethnic group and culture 1, 6, 9, 14, 21, 27, 63, 67, 69–70, 76, 80, 103, 122, 165, 181, 197–8, 210, 224, 229, 231, 239, 244
territory 12, 21, 23, 27, 43, 49, 51, 71, 73, 76, 78, 88, 94, 98, 103, 111, 114, 128–30, 132, 135, 148, 157, 163, 211, 217, 219, 223–4
Gaelicisation (Gaelic Resurgence) 21, 51, 68, 88, 122
Galway
county 51, 77–8, 88, 116, 123, 136, 163
gardens 26, 28, 29, 31, 40, 41, 45, 46, 66, 85, 86, 167, 181
gentry 1, 157–8, 191, 229, 232
Geraldines see Kildare, lordship of
Gernon, Luke 28, 42
Glenogra Castle 54, 55, 86
Glin Castle 152
Golden Castle 131, 152
hall 3, 9, 28, 35–41, 43, 54, 103, 150, 165, 188
Hanseatic League 7, 174, 208, 218, 228, 230
hinterland 5, 6, 27, 64, 104, 111, 128–9, 137, 161, 163, 172, 173, 196, 197, 215, 218–19
Irish Sea 20, 109–10, 114, 118–20 passim, 123, 129, 130, 190, 193, 195, 197, 206–7, 211–12, 218, 216, 225, 230, 234
Jordan's Castle 86, 115, 132, 172–3, 175, 180, 188, 204–5
Kerry, County 78, 114, 135, 171, 196, 215
Kilclief Castle 122, 136, 138, 139, 140, 238, 243
Kilcolman Castle 28, 40, 70
Kilcrea Castle 107, 108, 134, 243–4
Kildare
county 21, 40, 47, 68, 89n.1, 91, 94, 163, 240
lordship/earls of 21, 68, 74–5, 98, 132, 137, 150, 175, 227
Kilkenny
city 46, 63, 80, 85, 95, 102, 128, 130, 134, 137, 147, 149, 152, 157, 210, 216, 226
county 6, 7, 12, 40, 64, 67, 84, 127, 142, 147, 149, 163, 177, 186, 216
Killeen Castle 39, 155
Killegland Castle 105, 156
Killyleagh Castle 176
Kilmallock, County Limerick 6, 73, 86, 127, 132, 168, 169, 177, 216
Kilteel Castle 92, 93, 94, 155
Kinsale, County Cork 115, 134, 145, 200, 212, 216–17
Kirkistown Castle 238
Knights Hospitaller 92–4
Knockainy, County Limerick 6, 53, 54, 56, 71, 177
Laois, County 78
Leamaneh Castle 105, 239
Leighlinbridge, County Carlow 73, 152, 153
Leinster 181
Leitrim, County 123
Limerick
city 109, 115, 131, 132, 177, 182, 196, 212, 215, 225
county 12, 40, 45–6, 49, 68, 86, 152, 165, 239
Liscartan Castle 238
Lisfinny Castle 73, 74, 99, 151
Lisronagh, County Tipperary 31, 77
London 5, 6, 95–6, 185, 211–12, 220
Lough Gur, County Limerick 55–6, 59, 109
Louth, County 6, 89n.1, 92, 177, 196, 219
Lynch family 97, 176, 212–14
Lynch's Castle 164, 173, 176, 178, 184, 186, 213
Mahee Castle 125, 136, 149, 186, 221
Mallow, County Cork 132
Castle 35, 100
manors 27, 29, 31, 40, 43–5, 47–51, 56, 58, 59, 61, 64, 65–7, 69–72, 79–80, 86–7, 89, 123, 147, 164, 175, 232
Margaret's Castle 172
Meath, County 6, 21, 43, 51, 56, 68, 76, 79, 86, 89n.1, 91, 94, 100, 124, 154, 165, 177, 181, 189, 196, 219, 239–40
millpond 81, 85, 107–8
mills
tide mills 79, 89n.1
tuck/fulling mills 79, 85–6, 88
water mills 20, 24, 29, 41, 43, 45–6, 49, 54, 55, 65, 66, 67, 78–89, 96, 98, 100–1, 105–7, 121, 145, 157, 204, 214, 226, 231
Minard's Castle 127, 128
mining 66, 73
Mint, the 164, 171, 176
motte castles 15, 29, 31, 37, 38, 50, 83, 129, 138, 240
Mountgarrett Castle 7, 85, 243
Muckinish East Castle 116, 117
Muckinish West Castle 116
Munster 4, 21, 22, 76, 181
murage grants 94, 127, 147, 157, 165, 181–2
Nangle's Castle 166
Navan, County Meath 80, 155, 162
navigation aids 24, 100, 125, 138–40, 172
Newcastle Lyons, County Dublin 26, 50
Newhaggard Castle 83, 84, 86, 94, 101, 154
New Ross, County Wexford 128, 130, 134, 137, 147, 150, 152, 196, 216, 220
Newstone Castle 58
Newtown Jerpoint, County Kilkenny 26, 35, 73, 142
Newtown Trim, County Meath 122, 152, 166, 181
Nine Years’ War 22, 196, 211, 219, 221
Nook Castle 119, 201
Offaly, County 7
Oldcourt Castle 129
O'Neill lordship 12, 14, 21, 77, 91
Oranmore Castle 116
orchards 29, 33, 39, 40, 45, 56, 66, 86, 167, 181
Ormond, earldom/earls of 18, 21, 43, 69, 88, 101, 132, 145, 150, 171, 177, 200
Pale, the 4, 6, 9, 16, 20, 21, 36, 43, 48, 50, 65, 67, 68, 69–70, 76, 83, 87, 91–4, 111, 122, 128, 129, 150, 155–6, 163, 164–6, 177, 180, 196, 204, 208, 216, 219, 227, 232
parish church(es) 3, 20, 27, 29, 31, 37, 40, 43, 44, 45, 49, 50, 52, 54, 59, 60–1, 86, 138, 144, 151, 215, 235
peasant statuses 46–9, 51, 63
see also betaghs
pilgrimage 176, 212, 220
Piperstown, County Louth 26, 48–9
Plantation 19, 22, 66, 197, 224, 227
pontage grants 146–8, 167, 172
Portaferry, County Down 139, 140, 142, 238
Poulakerry Castle 8
purveyance 126, 129, 187
Quoile Castle 142, 238
rabbit warrens 26, 29, 31, 41, 54, 71, 158
Raleigh, Sir Walter 100, 168
Rathcannon Castle 58
Rathmore Castle 37, 38, 240
ridge and furrow 69, 89, 204
Rindoon, County Roscommon 26
Ringhaddy Castle 220–2
Ringrone Castle 145
ringwork castles 31, 143
rivers
Bann 98, 153, 191
Barrow 101, 128, 131, 132, 133–4, 142, 145, 150
Blackwater (Leinster) 94
Blackwater (Munster) 91, 99–100, 127, 131–2, 151, 152, 153, 165
Blackwater (Ulster) 91, 95
Ilen 128–9
Liffey 94, 100, 127, 232
Nore 101–2, 127, 128, 132, 142, 149, 157, 180
Shannon 102, 110, 115, 121, 131, 138, 215
Slaney 127, 131, 143, 144
Suir 6, 29, 71, 83, 100–1, 128, 131, 132, 133, 150–1, 171, 177
Three Sisters 48, 70, 91, 101, 119, 130, 132, 149, 163, 204
rural borough 44–7, 58, 59, 66, 160, 165, 220
St. Leger's Castle 164, 167, 183
Scotland, castles in 14, 28–9, 176, 241
Scurlockstown Castle 101, 155–6
Ship-pool Castle 134
Sketrick Castle 125, 136, 149, 186–7
Slane, County Meath 58, 101, 152, 155, 162, 165–6, 178, 190
Sligo, County 112, 117, 136, 211, 225
Strancally Castle 85, 99–100, 131, 165
Strangford, County Down
Castle 149–50, 170, 186
Lough 136, 140, 227
town 137, 139, 142, 170–1, 175, 180, 227
Sweetman's/Bridge Castle 176, 180, 183, 186, 188
Taaffe's Castle 36, 171, 176, 187–8, 191n.1
Temple Michaell Castle 99, 131, 165
Thomastown, County Kilkenny 85, 99, 101, 120, 149–51, 175, 176, 178–80, 183, 186–7
Threecastles Castle 94
Tipperary, County 12, 40, 45, 53, 63, 64, 67, 77, 90, 100, 130, 149, 186, 216
town walls 162, 167, 168, 175, 180–3, 190
trade
with continental Europe 79, 127, 173, 192, 196, 197, 200–2, 212, 214–15, 217–18, 226, 228–9, 232
with Flanders 201–2, 210, 214, 216–17, 234
with France 195, 200–3, 210, 214, 217, 234
with Iceland 110, 193, 212–13, 218
with the Isle of Man 193, 216
with Italy 201–2, 216–17, 228, 234
with the Netherlands 201, 225
with the New World 192, 202, 209, 218, 234
with Portugal 200–2, 210, 212, 214, 217, 225
with Scotland 138, 191, 197, 210–11, 214, 219
with Wales 193, 197, 198, 202, 205, 207–9, 216
trade goods
building materials 127, 208–9, 219
coal 202, 208–9
cloth 119, 194, 196, 201, 203, 205, 209, 217, 220
dairy 205
hawk 196
horse 196, 230
linen 194, 209, 218, 230
luxury and manufactured 196, 205, 207, 209–10, 217–18, 223, 226, 228–9, 234
meat 196
military arms 119, 208, 220
skins 195, 198, 201, 203
tallow 195, 196, 203
wool 129, 130, 131, 181, 191, 194, 196, 198, 201, 203, 205, 207, 215, 217
Trim, County Meath
Castle 35, 37, 166, 187
Tudor Conquest 12, 21, 22, 91, 95, 148, 190, 194, 210–12, 222, 232
Tyrone
county 21, 77, 91, 123
earl of 91
Ulster 22, 42, 49–50, 67, 98, 196, 214, 218–19
vernacular housing 3, 28, 41, 42, 50, 52, 60, 76, 149
Walshestown Castle 238
Waterford
city 6, 127, 130, 133, 137, 163, 177, 187, 194, 196, 198, 199, 200, 202, 211, 216, 219, 225–6
county 7, 72, 115, 127, 131, 142, 151, 152
Westmeath, County 123, 164, 178, 219
Wexford
county 7, 67, 110, 119, 127, 131, 136, 142, 201, 206, 208–9, 211, 216
town 144, 196
White Castle 85, 150
Wicklow, County 49, 91, 92, 94, 111, 149, 167, 201
Youghal, County Cork 131–2, 164–5, 168, 182–3, 184, 190, 196, 197, 200, 210–11, 216, 219, 228, 233

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The Irish tower house

Society, economy and environment, c. 1300–1650

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