Bibliography
in The British political elite and Europe, 1959–1984

Bibliography

Aaronovitch, Sam (1961) The Ruling Class (London: Lawrence and Wishart).

Aiken, William Appleton and Henning, Basil Duke (1970) Conflict in Stuart England (Hamden, Connecticut: Archon Books).

Allen, Kieran (2004) Max Weber: A Critical Introduction (London: Pluto Press).

Almond, Gabriel A. and Verba, Sidney (1972) The Civic Culture (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Anderson, Peter J. and Weymouth, Anthony (1999) Insulting the Public? The British Press and the European Union (New York: Addison Wesley Longman).

Ashford, Nigel (1992) ‘The Political Parties’, in George, Stephen (ed.) Britain and the European Community: The Politics of Semi-Detachment (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Aspinwall, Mark (2004) Rethinking Britain and Europe: Plurality Elections, Party Management and British Policy on European Integration (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Attlee, Clement (1939) Labour's Peace Aims (London: Labour Party).

Aylmer, Gerald Edward (1975) The Struggle for the Constitution 1603–1689 (London: Blandford Press).

Bache, Ian and Flinders, Matthew (2004) ‘Multi-Level Governance and the Study of the British State’, Public Policy and Administration, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 31–51.

Bagehot, Walter (1973) The English Constitution (London: Collins).

Baker, David (2001) ‘Britain and Europe: The Argument Continues’, Parliamentary Affairs, Vol. 54, No. 2, pp. 276–288.

Baker, David and Seawright, David (eds) (1998) Britain For and Against Europe: British Politics and the Question of European Integration (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Bale, Tim (2012) The Conservatives since 1945 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Ball, Stuart (1998) The Conservative Party since 1945 (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Ball, Stuart and Seldon, Anthony (1996) The Heath Government 1970–74 (London: Longman).

Barratt Brown, Michael (1975) Tribune, 7 March.

Barratt Brown, Michael (1991) European Union, Fortress or Democracy? (Nottingham: Spokesman Books).

Baston, Lewis (2004) Reggie: The Life of Reginald Maudling (Stroud: Sutton).

BBC News (2014) ‘BBC Poll of Polls’, 20 January.

BBC News (2014) ‘Cameron: I Won't Stay as PM Without EU Referendum’, 28 April.

BBC News (2018) ‘Jacob Rees-Mogg and Philip Hammond at Odds Over Brexit’, 25 January.

Beckett, Andy (2009) When the Lights Went Out: Britain in the Seventies (London: Faber and Faber).

Beer, Samuel H. (1969) Modern British Politics: A Study of Parties and Pressure Groups (London: Faber and Faber).

Behrens, Robert (1980) The Conservative Party from Heath to Thatcher (Farnborough: Saxon House).

Bell, Lionel (1995) The Throw That Failed: Britain's 1961 Application to Join the Common Market (London: New European Publications Ltd).

Benn, Tony (1987) Out of the Wilderness: Diaries 1963–67 (London: Hutchinson).

Benn, Tony (1988) Office Without Power: Diaries 1968–72 (London: Hutchinson).

Benn, Tony (1989) Against the Tide (London: Hutchinson).

Benn, Tony (1992) The End of an Era: Diaries 1980–90 (London: Hutchinson).

Benn, Tony (2007) More Time for Politics: Diaries 2001–2007 (London: Hutchinson).

Bennett, Air Vice Marshall Donald (1954) Liberal News, 17 September.

Bennett, Gill (2013) Six Moments of Crisis: Inside British Foreign Policy (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Blair, Tony (2002) ‘PM: A Clear Course for Europe’, Cardiff, 28 November, nationalarchives.gov.uk.

Blair, Tony (2010) A Journey (London: Hutchinson).

Blake, Robert (1978) ‘From Wellington to Thatcher’, Spectator, 23 September.

Blick, Andrew (2004) People Who Live In The Dark: The History of the Special Adviser in British Politics (London: Politico's Publishing).

Bond, Matthew, Glouharova, Siana, and Harrigan, Nicholas (2010) ‘The Political Mobilization of Corporate Directors: Socio-Economic Correlates of Affiliation to European Pressure Groups’, The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 61, No. 2, pp. 307–335.

Booker, Christopher (2005) ‘Britain and Europe: Repenting at Leisure’, in Roy, Subroto and Clarke, John (eds) Margaret Thatcher's Revolution: How it Happened and What it Meant (Trowbridge: Cromwell Press Ltd).

Booker, Christopher and North, Richard (2003) The Great Deception: The Secret History of the European Union (London: Continuum).

Bosco, Andrea (1997) ‘Review, European Unity and World Order: Federal Trust 1945–1995, by John Pinder’, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 35, No. 2, p. 325, cited in Daddow, Oliver J. (2004) Britain and Europe since 1945: Historiographical Perspectives on Integration (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Bounds, Andrew (2014) ‘Autumn Statement 2014: Q and A – What's in a ‘Northern Powerhouse?’, Financial Times, 3 December.

Boyd, Francis (1961) ‘315–5 majority for approach to EEC’, Guardian, 4 August.

Broad, Matthew and Daddow, Oliver (2010) ‘Half-Remembered Quotations from Mostly Forgotten Speeches: The Limits of Labour's European Policy Discourse’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Vol. 12, pp. 205–222.

Broad, Roger (2001) Labour's European Dilemmas (Basingstoke: Palgrave).

Broad, Roger and Geiger, Tim (1996) ‘Witness Seminar: The 1975 British Referendum on Europe’, Contemporary Record, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 82–105.

Brown, Gordon and Naughtie, James (1994) John Smith: Life and Soul of the Party (Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing).

Buller, Jim (2000) National Statecraft and European Integration: The Conservative Government and the European Union, 1979–1997 (London: Pinter).

Bulmer, Simon (1983) ‘Domestic Politics and European Community Policy-Making’, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 349–363.

Bulmer, Simon (1992) ‘Britain and European Integration: Of Sovereignty, Slow Adaptation, and Semi-Detachment’, in George, Stephen (ed.) Britain and the European Community (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Burch, Martin and Holliday, Ian (2004) ‘The Blair Government and the Core Executive’, Government and Opposition, Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 1–21.

Butler, David (1989) British General Elections since 1945 (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers).

Butler, David, Adonis, Andrew and Travers, Tony (1994) Failure in British Government: The Politics of the Poll Tax (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Butler, David and Kavanagh, Dennis (1974) The British General Election of February 1974 (London: Macmillan).

Butler, David and Kavanagh, Dennis (1975) The British General Election of October 1974 (London: Macmillan).

Butler, David and Kavanagh, Dennis (1980) The British General Election of 1979 (London: Macmillan).

Butler, David and Kavanagh, Dennis (1984) The British General Election of 1983 (London: Macmillan).

Butler, David and Kavanagh, Dennis (1988) The British General Election of 1987 (London: Macmillan).

Butler, David and Kitzinger, Uwe (1976) The 1975 Referendum (London: Macmillan).

Butler, David and Pinto-Duschinsky, Michael (1971) The British General Election of 1970 (London: Macmillan).

Butler, David and Stokes, Donald (1974) Political Change in Britain: The Evolution of Electoral Choice (London: Macmillan).

Butler, Nick and Harris, Toby (1979) Why Vote Labour? (London: NGLC Publishing Society).

Butt, Philip, Alan (1992) ‘Pressure Groups’, in George, Stephen (ed.) Britain and the European Community: The Politics of Semi-Detachment (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Campbell, John (1993) Edward Heath: A Biography (London: Jonathan Cape).

Camps, Miriam (1964) Britain and the European Community 1955–63 (London: Oxford University Press).

Carr, Edward Hallett (2001) What Is History? (Basingstoke: Palgrave).

Castle, Barbara (1990) The Castle Diaries 1964–1976 (London: Papermac).

Castle, Barbara (1993) Fighting All the Way (London: Macmillan).

Catterall, Peter (2003) ‘The Ironies of “Successful Failure”’, in Daddow, Oliver J. (ed.) Harold Wilson and European Integration: Britain's Second Application to Join the EEC (London: Frank Cass).

Cerny, Philip (2000) ‘Political Globalisation and the Competition State’, in Stubbs, Richard and Underhill Geoffery (eds) Political Economy and the Changing Global Order (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Chick, Martin (1999) ‘Review: Dealing with Britain: The Six and the First UK Application to the EEC by Ludlow, N. Piers (1997)’, The American Historical Review, Vol. 104, No. 5, p. 1759.

Ciaffa, Jay A. (1998) Max Weber and the Problems of Value-Free Social Science: A Critical Examination of the Werturteilsstreit (London: Associated University Presses).

Clark, Alan (1998) The Tories: Conservatives and The Nation State 1922–1997 (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Clark, Lord (David) Clark of Windermere (2010) Interview with Robert Nicholls, University of Huddersfield, 18 May. Also present: Professor Brendan Evans and Andrew Crines.

Clarke, Peter (1999) A Question of Leadership: From Gladstone to Blair (London: Penguin).

Clarke, Scott and Curtice, John (1998) ‘The Liberal Democrats and European Integration’, in Baker, David and Seawright, David (eds) Britain For and Against Europe (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Clemitson, Ivor (1977) ‘Stand against excessive pay claims’, Letters to the Editor, The Times, 27 July, p. 17.

Coates, David (1980) Labour in Power? A Study of the Labour Government 19741979 (London: Longman).

Coates, Ken (1979) What Went Wrong: Explaining the Fall of the Labour Government (Nottingham: Spokesman).

Conservative Central Office (1969a) Copy of letter sent by Harold Wilson accepting Monnet's invitation for the Labour Party to join the Action Committee for a United States of Europe, CCO 20/32/3, March.

Conservative Central Office (1969b) Party Conference 1969, Motions and Agendas, CCO 20/21/15, October.

Conservative Central Office (1971) Britain and the Common Market, CCO 20/32/28, 1 February.

Conservative Party Manifesto (1970) A Better Tomorrow: The Conservative Programme for the Next Five Years (London: Conservative Central Office).

Conservative Party Manifesto (1983) The Challenge of Our Times (London: Conservative Central Office).

Coogan, Tim Pat (2002) The Troubles (New York: Palgrave).

Cook, Robin (2000) ‘Stronghold at the Heart of Europe: Supporting the EU Should Be the Natural Reaction of Patriotic British Citizens’, Financial Times, 13 November, p. 25.

Coopey, Richard, Fielding, Steven and Tiratsoo, Nick (eds) (1995) The Wilson Governments 1964–1970 (London: Pinter).

Cosgrave, Patrick (1989) The Lives of Enoch Powell (London: The Bodley Head).

Coxall, Bill and Robins, Lynton (1998) Contemporary British Politics (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Craig, Frederick Walter Scott (1990) British General Election Manifestos 1959–1987 (Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, Dartmouth Publishing Co. Ltd).

Crewe, Ivor and King, Anthony (1995a) ‘Loyalists and Defectors: The SDP Breakaway from the Parliamentary Labour Party 1981–1982’, in Jones, Peter (ed.) Party, Parliament and Personality: Essays Presented to Hugh Berrington (London: Routledge).

Crewe, Ivor and King, Anthony (1995b) SDP: The Birth, Life and Death of the Social Democratic Party (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Cronin, James E. (2004) New Labour's Pasts: The Labour Party and its Discontents (Harlow: Pearson).

Crosland, Anthony (1956) The Future of Socialism (London: Jonathan Cape).

Crosland, Anthony (1972) ‘Crosland Papers, 6/2, April 1972’, cited in Meredith, Stephen (2007) ‘Factionalism on the Parliamentary Right of the British Labour Party in the 1970s: A Reassessment’, Contemporary British History, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 55–85.

Crosland, Susan (1982) Tony Crosland (London: Jonathan Cape).

Crossman, Richard (1963) ‘British Labour Looks at Europe’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 732–743.

Crossman, Richard (1973) ‘Introduction to the English Constitution’, in Bagehot, Walter, The English Constitution (London: Collins).

Crossman, Richard (1975–77) The Diaries of a Cabinet Minister, 1964–70, cited in Clarke, Peter (1999) A Question of Leadership: From Gladstone to Blair (London: Penguin).

Crossman, Richard (1979) The Crossman Diaries: Selections from the Diaries of a Cabinet Minister 1964–1970 (London: Hamilton and Cape).

Crossman, Richard (1981) The Backbench Diaries of Richard Crossman, edited by Morgan, Janet (London: Hamilton and Cape).

Crowson, Nicholas J. (2007) The Conservative Party and European Integration since 1945: At the Heart of Europe? (Abingdon: Routledge).

Crowther, Stanley (2008) Interview with Andrew Crines and Robert Nicholls, 16 July.

Curtis, Mark (1995) The Ambiguities of Power: British Foreign Policy since 1945 (London: Zed Books).

Daddow, Oliver J. (ed.) (2003) Harold Wilson and European Integration: Britain's Second Application to Join the EEC (London: Frank Cass).

Daddow, Oliver J. (2004) Britain and Europe since 1945: Historiographical Perspectives on Integration (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Daddow, Oliver J. (2009) ‘Book Review: Crowson, N.J. (2007), The Conservative Party and European Integration since 1945: At the Heart of Europe?’, Party Politics, Vol. 15, No. 5, September, pp. 660–662.

Daddow, Oliver J. (2011) New Labour and the European Union (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Daddow, Oliver J. (2012) ‘The UK Media and “Europe”: From Permissive Consensus to Destructive Dissent’, International Affairs, Vol. 88, No. 6, pp. 1219–1236.

Dahl, Robert A. (1959) Social Science Research on Business (New York: Columbia University Press).

Dahl, Robert A. (1967) Pluralist Democracy in the United States (Chicago: Rand McNally).

Dahl, Robert A. and Lindblom, Charles (1976) Politics Economics and Welfare (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).

Dale, Reginald (1971) ‘British Entry: The Full Terms: Main Points at a Glance’, Financial Times, 24 June.

Daniels, Philip (1998) ‘From Hostility to “Constructive Engagement”: The Europeanisation of the Labour Party’, West European Politics, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 72–96.

Deakin, Nicholas and Bourne, Jenny (1970) ‘Powell, the Minorities and the 1970 General Election’, Political Quarterly, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 399–415.

de Carmoy, Prof. Guy (1971) Britain and the Common Market, The European Institute of Business Administration, British Library Ref: TN CE 7097.

Dewey, Robert F. Jr. (2009) British National Identity and Opposition to Membership of Europe, 1961–63 (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Dod's (1972) Parliamentary Companion (Epsom: Sell's Publications Ltd).

Dod's (1977) Parliamentary Companion (Edenbridge: Sell's Printing Ltd).

Donoughue, Bernard (1987) Prime Minister: The Conduct of Policy Under Harold Wilson and James Callaghan (London: Jonathan Cape).

du Cann, Edward (1995) Two Lives: Political and Business Careers of Edward du Cann (Malvern: Images Publishing Ltd).

Dunleavy, Patrick and Husbands, Christopher T. (1985) British Democracy at the Crossroads (London: George Allen and Unwin).

Duverger, Maurice (1976) Political Parties: Their Organization and Activity in the Modern State (London: Methuen and Company).

Economist/Ipsos-MORI (2012) Issues Facing Britain: June Issues Index, 20 June.

Economist/Ipsos-MORI (2014) Issues Facing Britain: December Issues Index, 18 December.

Edwards, Geoffrey (1993) ‘Britain and Europe’, in Story, Jonathan (ed.) The New Europe: Politics, Economy and Government since 1945 (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

Ellison, James R.V. (1996) ‘Perfidious Albion? Britain, Plan G and European Integration, 1955–1956’, Contemporary British History, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 1–34.

Elton, Geoffrey Rudolph (2002) The Practice of History (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers).

Ennals, David and Noel-Baker, Philip (1965) ‘Situation in Vietnam’, Letters to the Editor, The Times, 16 February, p. 13.

Evans, Brendan (2000) Thatcherism and British Politics, 1975–1999 (Stroud: Sutton Publishing Ltd).

Evans, Brendan and Taylor, Andrew (1996) From Salisbury to Major: Continuity and Change in Conservative Politics (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Evans, Geoffrey and Norris, Pippa (1999) Critical Elections: British Parties and Voters in Long-Term Perspective (London: Sage Publications).

Evans, Mark (1995) ‘Elitism’, in Marsh, David and Stoker, Gerry (eds) Theory and Methods in Political Science (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Everitt, Alastair (1976) Britain and Europe during 1975 – Year of the Referendum: A Bibliographical Guide (Hassocks, Nr Brighton: The Harvester Press).

Falk, Richard (1999) Predatory Globalisation: A Critique (Oxford: Polity Press).

Fisher, Nigel (1977) The Tory Leaders: Their Struggle for Power (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Forster, Anthony (2002) Euroscepticism in Contemporary British Politics: Opposition to Europe in the British Conservative and Labour Parties Since 1945 (London: Routledge).

Fotopoulos, Takis (2001) ‘Globalisation, the Reformist Left and the Anti-Globalisation Movement’, Democracy and Nature: The International Journal of Inclusive Democracy, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 233–280.

Gallup, George H. (1976) The Gallup International Public Opinion Polls: Great Britain 1937–1975 (New York: Random House).

Gamble, Andrew (1998) ‘The European Issue in British Politics’, in Baker, David and Seawright, David (eds) Britain For and Against Europe (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Gamble, Andrew (2003) Between Europe and America: The Future of British Politics (London: Palgrave-Macmillan), cited in Gamble, Andrew (2006) ‘The European Disunion’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 34–49.

Garnett, Mark and Aitken, Ian (2003) Splendid! Splendid! The Authorised Biography of Willie Whitelaw (London: Pimlico).

Garton Ash, Timothy (2006) ‘Why Britain is in Europe, The Ben Pimlott Memorial Lecture’, Twentieth Century British History, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 451–463.

Geddes, Andrew (2004) The European Union and British Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

George, Stephen (1990) An Awkward Partner: Britain in the European Community (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

George, Stephen (1991) Britain and European Integration since 1945 (Oxford: Blackwell).

George, Stephen (1992) Britain and the European Community: The Politics of Semi-Detachment (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Gifford, Christopher (2007) ‘Political Economy and the Study of Britain and European Integration: A Global-National Perspective’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 461–476.

Gifford, Christopher (2008) The Making of Eurosceptic Britain: Identity and Economy in a Post-Imperial State (Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd).

Gifford, Christopher (2010) ‘The UK and the European Union: Dimensions of Sovereignty and the Problem of Eurosceptic Britishness’, Parliamentary Affairs, Vol. 63, No. 2, pp. 321–338.

Goodhart, Philip (1976) Full-Hearted Consent: The Story of the Referendum Campaign (London: Davis-Poynter).

Gowland, David and Turner, Arthur (2000) Reluctant Europeans: Britain and European Integration 1945–1998 (Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd).

Grahl, John and Teague, Paul (1988) ‘The British Labour Party and the European Community’, Political Quarterly, Vol. 59, pp. 72–85.

Green, Ewen Henry Harvey (2002) Ideologies of Conservatism (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Guttsman, Wilhelm Leo (1960) ‘Social Stratification and Political Elite’, The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 137–150.

Haines, Joe (2003) Glimmers of Twilight (London: Politico's Publishing).

Harrison, Graham (2002) ‘Globalisation’, in Blakeley, Georgina and Bryson, Valerie (eds) Contemporary Political Concepts: A Critical Introduction (London: Pluto Press).

Haseler, Stephen (1969) The Gaitskellites (London: Macmillan).

Haseler, Stephen (1976) Death of British Democracy (London: Elek Books Ltd).

Hattersley, Roy (1995) Who Goes Home? Scenes from a Political Life (London: Little, Brown and Company).

Hattersley, Roy (1997) Fifty Years On: A Prejudiced History of Britain Since the War (London: Abacus).

Hayter, Dianne (2005) Fightback! Labour's Traditional Right in the 1970s and 1980s (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Healey, Denis (1989) The Time of My Life (London: Penguin).

Heater, Derek Benjamin (1964) Political Ideas in the Modern World (London: George G. Harrap and Co. Ltd).

Heath, Edward (1998) The Autobiography of Edward Heath: The Course of My Life (London: Hodder and Stoughton).

Heffer, Simon (1998) Like a Roman: The Life of Enoch Powell (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Heffernan, Richard (2001) ‘Beyond Euro-scepticism: Exploring the Europeanisation of the Labour Party since 1983’, Political Quarterly, Vol. 72, No. 2, pp. 180–189.

Heffernan, Richard (2003) ‘Prime Ministerial Predominance? Core Executive Politics in the UK’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 347–372.

Hennessy, Peter (2000) The Prime Minister; The Office and its Holders Since 1945 (London: Penguin).

Heppell, Timothy (2008) Choosing the Tory Leader: Conservative Party Leadership Elections from Heath to Cameron (London: Tauris Academic Studies).

Heppell, Tim, Crines, Andrew and Nicholls, Robert (2010) ‘Ideological Alignments within the Parliamentary Labour Party and the Leadership Election of 1976’, British Politics, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 65–91.

Hewitt, Christopher J. (1974) ‘Elites and the Distribution of Power in British Society’, in Stanworth, Philip and Giddens, Anthony (eds) (2004) Elites and Power in British Society (London: Cambridge University Press).

Heywood, Andrew (1997) Politics (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Hill, Brian W. (1975) Edmund Burke on Government, Politics and Society (Brighton: The Harvester Press).

Hill, Christopher (1983) ‘Britain: A Convenient Schizophrenia’, in Hill, Christopher (ed.) National Foreign Policies and European Political Cooperation (London: George Allen and Unwin).

Hix, Simon (1998) ‘The Study of the European Union II: The “New Governance” Agenda and Its Rival’, Journal of European Public Policy, Vol. 5, pp. 38–65.

Hobbes, Thomas ([1651] 1991) Leviathan, Or, The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common-wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civill, edited by Tuck, Richard (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Holden, Russell (2004) ‘Book Review: Oliver J. Daddow (2003), Harold Wilson and European Integration: Britain's Second Attempt to Join the EEC’, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 217–218.

Holehouse, Matthew (2014) ‘How Harold Wilson Was Warned Europe Threatened British Democracy, Daily Telegraph, 28 August, pp. 1–3.

Hollingworth, Mark (1986) The Press and Political Dissent: A Question of Censorship (London: Pluto Press).

Hollis, Patricia (1997) Jennie Lee: A Life (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Holmes, Martin (1997) The Failure of the Heath Government (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Holmes, Martin (2002) ‘Introduction’, in Holmes, Martin (ed.), The Eurosceptic Reader 2 (Basingstoke: Palgrave), cited in Daddow, Oliver J. (2013), ‘Margaret Thatcher, Tony Blair and the Eurosceptic Tradition in Britain’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Vol. 15, pp. 210–227.

Horne, Alistair (1989) Macmillan 1959–1986 (London: Macmillan).

House of Commons (1991) Early Day Motion 193, 19 November.

Howe, Geoffrey (1990) ‘Sovereignty and Interdependence: Britain's Place in the World’, International Affairs, Vol. 66, No. 4, pp. 675–695.

Howe, Geoffrey (1994) Conflict of Loyalty (London: Pan Macmillan).

Howe, Lord (Geoffrey) Howe of Aberavon (2012) Interview with Robert Nicholls, House of Lords, 13 June.

Hurd, Douglas (2003) Memoirs (London: Little, Brown and Company).

Hutchinson, George (1980) The Last Edwardian at No. 10: An Impression of Harold Macmillan (London: Quartet Books).

Jackson, Robert H. (2007) Sovereignty (Oxford: Polity).

Janssen, Joseph I.H. (1991) ‘Postmaterialism, Cognitive Mobilization and Public Support for European Integration’, British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 443–468.

Jay, Douglas (1980) Change and Fortune (London: Ebury Press).

Jay, Douglas (1983) ‘Conversation with Peter Hennessy’, 4 March, cited in Hennessy, P. (2000) The Prime Minister: The Office and its Holders Since 1945 (London: Penguin).

Jay, Douglas (2012) The Diary of Douglas Jay: From Dictation to Online Resource (Oxford: Bodleian Library).

Jefferys, Kevin (1993) The Labour Party Since 1945 (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Jefferys, Kevin (1999) Anthony Crosland (London: Richard Cohen Books).

Jenkins, Peter (1987) Mrs Thatcher's Revolution: The Ending of the Socialist Era (London: Jonathan Cape).

Jenkins, Roy (1983) Britain and the EEC (London: Macmillan).

Jenkins, Roy (1989) European Diary 1977–1981 (London: Collins).

Jenkins, Roy (1991) A Life at the Centre (London: Macmillan).

Jessop, Bob (2004) ‘Multi-Level Governance and Multi-Level Meta-Governance’, in Bache, Ian and Flinders, Matthew (eds) Multi-Level Governance (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Jessop, Bob (2008) State Power (Cambridge: Polity Press).

Johnman, Lewis (1995) ‘The Conservative Party in Opposition 1964–70’, in Coopey, Richard, Fielding, Steven and Tiratsoo, Nick (eds) The Wilson Governments 1964–1970 (London: Pinter).

Jones, Barry and Keating, Michael (1985) Labour and the British State (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Jones, Bill (1999) Political Issues in Britain Today (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Jones, Tudor (1998) Remaking the Labour Party (London: Routledge).

Jowell, Roger and Witherspoon, Sharon (1986) British Social Attitudes: The 1985 Report (Aldershot: Gower Publishing Co. Ltd).

Kaiser, Wolfram (1999) Using Europe, Abusing the Europeans: Britain and European Integration 1945–63 (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Kaiser, Wolfram (2002) ‘A Never-Ending Story: Britain in Europe’, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Vol. 4, No. 1, April, pp. 152–165.

Kavanagh, Dennis and Seldon, Anthony (1989) The Thatcher Effect: A Decade of Change (New York: Oxford University Press).

Kevin, Deirdre (2003) Europe in the Media: A Comparison of Reporting, Representation, and Rhetoric in National Media Systems in Europe (London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates).

King, Anthony (1977) Britain Says Yes: The 1975 Referendum on the Common Market (Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research).

King, Anthony (1991) ‘The British Prime Minister in the Age of the Career Politician’, in Jones, George W. (ed.) West European Prime Ministers (London: Frank Cass).

King, Anthony and Wybrow, Robert (eds) (2001) British Political Opinion: 1937–2000: Gallup Polls (London: Politico's Publishing), cited in Crowson, Nicholas J. (2007) The Conservative Party and European Integration since 1945 (Abingdon: Routledge).

Kinnock, Neil (1971) Tribune, 5 November.

Kinnock, Neil (1975a) Tribune, 21 March.

Kinnock, Neil (1975b) Tribune, 2 May.

Kinnock, Neil (1983) New Statesman, 17 June.

Kirby, Louis (1961a) ‘It's Supermac Again: Confident Premier tell MPs: “We can lead Europe better from the inside”’, Daily Mail, 3 August, p. 2.

Kirby, Louis (1961b) ‘Resign, say the angry Tory Mr Fell’, Daily Mail, 3 August, p. 2.

Kitzinger, Uwe (1973) Diplomacy and Persuasion: How Britain Joined the Common Market (London: Thames and Hudson).

Krasner, Stephen D. (1999) Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Labour Party (1962) Labour Party Annual Report, 1962 (London: Labour Party).

Labour Party (1964) Labour Party Manifesto, 1964 (London: Labour Party).

Labour Party (1972) Special Conference Report, 1971 (London: Labour Party).

Labour Party (1973) Labour's Programme for Britain: Annual Conference 1973 (London: Labour Party).

Labour Party (1974) Labour Party Manifesto, February 1974 (London: Labour Party).

Labour Party (1982) Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1981 (London: Labour Party).

Labour Party (1982) Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1982 (London: Labour Party).

Labour Party (1983) Labour Party Manifesto: The New Hope for Britain (Labour Party: London).

Labour Party (1984) Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1983 (London: Labour Party).

Lamb, Richard (1995) The Macmillan Years 1957–1963: The Emerging Truth (London: John Murray).

Laurent, Pierre-Henri (1973) ‘Book Review: Kitzinger, Uwe (1973) Diplomacy and Persuasion: How Britain Joined the Common Market’, American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 408, pp. 150–152.

Laver, Michael and Shepsle, Kenneth, A. (1994) Cabinet Ministers and Parliamentary Government (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Lazer, Harry (1976) ‘British Populism: The Labour Party and the Common Market Parliamentary Debate’, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 91, No. 2, pp. 259–277.

Lenman, Bruce Philip (1992) The Eclipse of Parliament (London: Edward Arnold).

Leonard, Dick (1981) ‘The Labour Campaign’, in Penniman, Howard R. (ed.) Britain at the Polls, 1979: A Study of the General Election (Washington: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research).

Lerner, Daniel (1962) As Britain Faces the Continent: How Its Leaders Weigh Their Choices (Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT, Center for International Studies).

Liddle, Roger (2014) The Europe Dilemma: Britain and the Drama of EU Integration (London: I.B. Tauris).

Lieber, Robert J. (1970) British Politics and European Unity: Parties, Elites and Pressure Groups (London: University of California Press).

Lindblom, Charles (1977) Politics and Markets (New York: Basic Books).

Lord, Christopher (1993) British Entry to the European Community under the Heath Government (Aldershot: Dartmouth).

Ludlam, Steve (1998) ‘The Cauldron: Conservative Parliamentarians and European Integration’, in Baker, David and Seawright, David (eds) Britain For and Against Europe (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Ludlow, N. Piers (2003) ‘A Waning Force: The Treasury and British European Policy, 1955–63’, Contemporary British History, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 87–104.

Lupel, Adam (2009) Globalization and Popular Sovereignty: Democracy's Transnational Dilemma (Abingdon: Routledge).

Lynch, Philip (1998) ‘Book Review: Kaiser, Wolfram (1996) Using Europe: Abusing the Europeans: Britain and European Integration, 1945–63’, Political Studies, Vol. 46, No. 1, pp. 179–217.

Lynch, Philip (2003) ‘The Conservatives and the Wilson Application’, in Daddow, Oliver J. (ed.) Harold Wilson and European Integration: Britain's Second Application to Join the EEC (London: Frank Cass).

Lyon, Ann (2003) Constitutional History of the United Kingdom (London: Cavendish Publishing Ltd).

McAllister, Richard (1997) From EC to EU: An Historical and Political Survey (London: Routledge).

McAuley, James, W. (2003) An Introduction to Politics, State and Society (London: Sage Publications).

McKenzie, Robert (1964) British Political Parties (London: William Heinemann Ltd).

McLean, Iain (1980) ‘Party Organisation’, in Cook, Chris and Taylor, Ian (eds) The Labour Party: An Introduction to its History, Structure and Politics (London: Longman).

Mann, Michael (1997) ‘Has Globalisation Ended the Rise and Rise of the Nation State?’, Review of International Political Economy, Vol. 4, No. 3, cited in Blakeley, Georgina and Bryson, Valerie (eds) (2002) Contemporary Political Concepts: A Critical Introduction (London: Pluto Press).

Marquand, David (2008) Britain Since 1918: The Strange Career of British Democracy (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Marr, Andrew (2018) The Andrew Marr Show, BBC One, 11 February.

Marten, Neil (1975) ‘The EEC Referendum’, Letters to the Editor, The Times, 4 April, p. 17.

Martin, Iain (2014) ‘Is Nigel Farage Losing the Plot?’, Daily Telegraph, 24 January.

Marx, Karl and Engels, Friedrich (1970) The German Ideology (London: Lawrence and Wishart).

Mayhew, Christopher (1987) Time to Explain (London: Hutchinson).

Meredith, Stephen (2005) ‘Labour Party Revisionism and Public Expenditure: Divisions of Social Democratic Political Economy in the 1970s’, Labour History Review, Vol. 70, No. 3, pp. 258–265.

Meredith, Stephen (2007) ‘Factionalism on the Parliamentary Right of the British Labour Party in the 1970s: A Reassessment’, Contemporary British History, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 55–85.

Michels, Robert (1966) Political Parties: A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy (London: Collier-Macmillan Ltd).

Miliband, Ralph (1969) The State in Capitalist Society (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Miller, William L. (1984) ‘There Was No Alternative: The British General Election of 1983’, Parliamentary Affairs, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 364–384.

Milward, Alan S. (2002) The Rise and Fall of a National Strategy 1945–1963 (London: Frank Cass).

Minkin, Lewis (1978) The Labour Party Conference: A Study in the Politics of Intra-party Democracy (London: Allen Lane).

Mitchell, Austin (1980) ‘Controlling the Money Supply’, Letters to the Editor, The Times, 17 March, p. 24.

Morgan, Kenneth, O. (1984) The Oxford Illustrated History of Britain (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Morgan, Kenneth, O. (1997) Callaghan: A Life (New York: Oxford University Press).

Morgan, Kenneth, O. (2007) Michael Foot: A Life (London: Harper).

Mosca, Gaetano (1939) The Ruling Class (New York: McGraw-Hill).

Mowlam, Marjorie (1981) ‘Book Review: Robins, L.J. (1979) The Reluctant Party: Labour and the E.E.C. 1961–75’, Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 19, No. 4, p. 390.

Nairn, Tom (1973) The Left Against Europe (Harmondsworth: Penguin).

North, Dr Richard (2011) Interview with Robert Nicholls, 18 May.

Northedge, Frederick Samuel (1983) ‘Britain and the EEC: Past and Present’, in Jenkins, Roy (ed.) Britain and the EEC (London: Macmillan).

Norton, Philip (1978) Conservative Dissidents: Dissent within the Parliamentary Conservative Party 1970–74 (London: Temple Smith).

Norton, Philip (1980) Dissension in the House of Commons 1974–1979 (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Norton, Philip (1985) Parliament in the 1980s (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

Norton, Philip (1993) Does Parliament Matter? (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf).

Nugent, Neil (1992) ‘British Public Opinion and the European Community’, in George, Stephen (ed.) Britain and the European Community (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Nugent, Neil (1999) ‘Britain and the European Union’, in Jones, Bill (ed.) Political Issues in Britain Today (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Osborne, David and Gaebler, Ted (1992) Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector (New York: Penguin Books USA Inc).

Owen, David (1981) Face the Future (London: Cape).

Owen, David (1992) Time to Declare (London: Penguin).

Owen, David (2009) Time to Declare: Second Innings (London: Politico's Publishing).

Page, Ben (2009) ‘British Attitudes to Immigration in the 21st Century’, in Migration, Public Opinion, and Politics (Washington DC: Migration Policy Institute).

Pareto, Vilfredo (1966) Sociological Writings (London: Pall Mall).

Parker, George (2013) ‘Cameron Struggles to Prevent Tories “Banging On” about Europe’, Financial Times, 13 May.

Parr, Helen (2006) Britain's Policy Towards the European Community: Harold Wilson and Britain's World Role 1964–1967 (London: Routledge).

Parry, Geraint (1971) Political Elites (London: George Allen and Unwin).

Patten, Chris (2001) ‘Letter from Europe’, Reformer Magazine, cited in Crowson, Nicholas J. (2007) The Conservative Party and European Integration Since 1945 (London: Routledge).

Pearce, Edward (2002) Denis Healey (London: Little, Brown and Company).

Pearce, Robert (1991) Patrick Gordon-Walker: Political Diaries 1932–71 (London: Historians’ Press).

Penniman, Howard R. (1981) Britain at the Polls, 1979: A Study of the General Election (Washington DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research).

Perkin, Harold (1978) ‘The Recruitment of Elites in British Society since 1800’, Journal of Social History, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Winter), pp. 222–234.

Pfaltzgraff, Robert L. Jr. (1969) Britain Faces Europe (Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press) cited in Daddow, Oliver J. (2004) Britain and Europe since 1945: Historiographical Perspectives on Integration (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Pierre, Jon (2000) Debating Governance (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Pierre, Jon and Peters, B. Guy (2000) Governance, Politics and the State (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Pimlott, Ben (1992) Harold Wilson (London: Harper Collins).

Pine, Melissa (2007) Harold Wilson and Europe: Pursuing Britain's Membership of the European Community (London: Tauris).

Ponting, Clive (1989) Breach of Promise (London: Hamish Hamilton).

Powell, Enoch (1971) The Common Market: The Case Against (Kingswood: Paperfronts).

Powell, Enoch (1973) Common Market: Renegotiate or Come Out (Kingswood: Paperfronts).

Prescott, John (1984) Prescott Papers, UDMR/316, Hull History Centre.

Prescott, John (2008) Prezza: My Story: Pulling No Punches (London: Headline Publishing Group).

Radice, Giles (2004) Diaries 1980 – 2001: From Political Disaster to Electoral Triumph (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Ramsden, John (1996) The Winds of Change: Macmillan to Heath 1957–1975 (Harlow: Longman).

Randall, Leslie (1961) ‘TUC gives Common Market go-ahead to Government’, Daily Mail, 10 August, p. 3.

Rasmussen, Jorgen Scott (1965) The Liberal Party: A Study of Retrenchment and Revival (London: Constable).

Rentoul, John (1995) Tony Blair (London: Little, Brown and Company).

Rex, John (1974) ‘Capitalism, Elites and the Ruling Class’, in Stanworth, Philip, and Giddens, Anthony (eds) Elites and Power in British Society (London: Cambridge University Press).

Richards, Andrew (1997) The Life and Soul of the Party: Causes and Consequences of Organizational Change in the British Labour Party (Madrid: Centro de Estudios Avanzados en Ciencias Sociales).

Riddell, Peter (1985) The Thatcher Government (Oxford: Basil Blackwell).

Riddell, Peter (1992) ‘The Conservatives After 1992’, Political Quarterly, Vol. 63, No. 4, pp. 422–431.

Ridley, Nicholas (1991) My Style of Government (London: Hutchinson).

Robins, Lynton J. (1979) The Reluctant Party: Labour and the EEC 1961–75 (Ormskirk: G.W. and A. Hesketh).

Rollings, Neil (2003) ‘The Confederation of British Industry and European Integration in the 1960s’, in Daddow, Oliver J. (ed.) Harold Wilson and European Integration: Britain's Second Application to Join the EEC (London: Frank Cass).

Rosamond, Ben (1998) ‘The Integration of Labour? British Trade Union Attitudes to European Integration’, in Baker, David and Seawright, David (eds) Britain For and Against Europe (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Rosen, Greg (2005) Old Labour to New: The Dreams that Inspired, the Battles that Divided (London: Politico's Publishing).

Roth, Andrew (1970) Enoch Powell: Tory Tribune (London: Macdonald).

Roth, Andrew (1972) Heath and the Heathmen (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul).

Sampson, Anthony (1966) Anatomy of Britain Today (London: Hodder and Stoughton).

Sampson, Anthony (1967) Macmillan: A Study in Ambiguity (London: Allen Lane/Penguin).

Sampson, Anthony (1992) The Essential Anatomy of Britain: Democracy in Crisis (London: Hodder and Stoughton).

Saunders, Frances Stoner (1999) ‘How the CIA Plotted Against Us’, New Statesman, 12 July.

Schoen, Douglas E. (1977) Enoch Powell and the Powellites (London: Macmillan).

Scott, John (1991) Who Rules Britain? (Cambridge: Polity Press).

Scruton, Roger (1996) A Dictionary of Political Thought (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Scruton, Roger (2004) The Need for Nations (Bury St Edmunds: St Edmundsbury Press).

Seawright, David (2010) The British Conservative Party and One Nation Politics (London: Continuum).

Seldon, Anthony (2007) Blair's Britain 1997–2007 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Settle, Michael (2013) ‘Tory Backbenchers in Revolt Over Europe Referendum Bill’, Herald Scotland, 16 May.

Seyd, Patrick (1987) The Rise and Fall of the Labour Left (London: Macmillan).

Shanks, Michael (1961) The Stagnant Society (Harmondsworth: Penguin).

Shanks, Michael and Lambert, John (1962) Britain and the New Europe: The Future of the Common Market (London: Chatto and Windus).

Shapiro, Robert Y. (1998) ‘Public Opinion, Elites and Democracy’, Critical Review, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 501–528.

Shepherd, Robert (1975) Public Opinion and European Integration (Farnborough: Saxon House).

Shepherd, Robert (1996) Enoch Powell (London: Random House).

Shonfield, Andrew (1973) Europe: Journey to an Unknown Destination (London: Allen Lane).

Shore, Peter (1966) Entitled to Know (London: Macgibbon and Kee).

Shore, Peter (1993) Leading the Left (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Shore, Peter (1998) ‘Why Blair Must Oppose the Euro’, Sunday Times, 27 December, p. 12.

Shrapnel, Norman (1961) ‘Britain Will Ask to Join EEC’, Guardian, 1 August.

Silkin, Sam (1981) ‘Centre Parties in an Adult Relationship’, Letters to the Editor, The Times, 5 June, p. 15.

Sked, Alan (2015) ‘How a Secretive Elite Created the EU to Build a World Government’, Daily Telegraph, 27 November. www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/eureferendum/12018877/The-truth-how-a-secretive-elite-created-the-EU-to-build-a-world-government.html (accessed 11 June 2018).

Smith, Martin (1995) ‘Pluralism’, in Marsh, David and Stoker, Gerry (eds) Theory and Methods in Political Science (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Smith, Martin J. (1999) The Core Executive in Britain (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Sowemimo, Matthew (1999) ‘Evaluating the Success of the Labour Government's European Policy’, Journal of European Integration, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 343–368, cited in Daddow, Oliver J. (2011) New Labour and the European Union (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Stark, Leonard P. (1996) Choosing a Leader: Party Leadership Contest in Britain from Macmillan to Blair (London: Macmillan).

Stewart, Michael (1977) The Jekyll and Hyde Years (London: J.M. Dent).

Stoker, Gerry and Wilson, David (2004) British Local Government into the 21st Century (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Taverne, Dick (1974) The Future of the Left: Lincoln and After (London: Jonathan Cape).

Taylor, Alan John Percivale (1961) ‘Must We Always Take Orders from America?’, Sunday Express, 31 December, cited in Dewey, Robert F. Jr. (2009) British National Identity and Opposition to Membership of Europe, 1961–63 (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Taylor, Alan John Percivale (1972) Beaverbrook (London: Hamish Hamilton).

Taylor, Andrew (2013) State Failure (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Terry, Walter (1961) ‘Market Revolt Crumbles’, Daily Mail, 2 August, p. 2.

Terry, Walter (1961a) ‘21 Tories Spurn Market Link’, Daily Mail, 4 August, p. 1.

Terry, Walter (1961b) ‘The Premier's Popularity Is Still Dropping’, Daily Mail, 21 August.

Thatcher, Margaret (1961) Speech to Finchley Conservatives 14 August, Finchley Press, 18 August (Thatcher Foundation Archive: www.margaretthatcher.org/document/101105, accessed 16 June 2018).

Thatcher, Margaret (1975a) Speech to Conservative Group for Europe (opening Conservative referendum campaign), April 16, Thatcher MSS (digital collection), doc. 102675, cited in Berlinski, Clair (2008) There Is No Alternative (New York: Basic Books).

Thatcher, Margaret (1975b) Speech to Helensburgh Conservative Rally, 18 April, Thatcher MSS (digital collection), doc.103403, cited in Berlinski, Claire (2008) There Is No Alternative (New York: Basic Books).

Thatcher, Margaret (1977) Speech at Centro Italiona di Study per la Conciliazione Internazionale, Rome, ‘Europe as I See It’, 24 June, Thatcher MSS (digital collection), doc. 103403, cited in Berlinski, Claire (2008) There Is No Alternative (New York: Basic Books).

Thatcher, Margaret (1983) Press Conference, 18 May (Margaret Thatcher Foundation: www.margaretthatcher.org.uk).

Thatcher, Margaret (1993) Margaret Thatcher: The Downing Street Years (New York: HarperCollins Publishers).

Thomas, James (2005) Popular Newspapers, the Labour Party and British Politics (London: Routledge).

Thomas, Peter (1971) Extract of letter to Norman St John-Stevas, Conservative Central Office, CCO 20/32/28, 11 February.

Thompson, Willie (1993) The Long Death of British Labourism: Interpreting a Political Culture (London: Pluto Press).

Thorpe, Andrew (1997) A History of the British Labour Party (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Tratt, Jacqueline (1996) The Macmillan Government and Europe: A Study in the Process of Policy Development (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Turner, John (1994) Macmillan (London: Longman).

Turner, John (2000) The Tories and Europe (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Ungoed-Thomas, Jon (2011) ‘Cracks in the Titan’, Sunday Times, 17 July, p. 19.

Verrier, Anthony (1983) Through the Looking Glass: British Foreign Policy in an Age of Illusions (London: Jonathan Cape).

Walker, Jack L. (1966) ‘A Critique of the Elitist Theory of Democracy’, American Political Science Review, Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. 285–295.

Walker, Peter (1991) Staying Power: Peter Walker: An Autobiography (London: Bloomsbury).

Wall, Stephen (2013) The Official History of Britain and the European Community Volume II: From Rejection to Referendum, 1963–1975 (London: Routledge).

Watkins, Alan (1998) The Road to Number 10: From Bonar Law to Tony Blair (London: Duckworth).

Weber, Max (2010) Methodology of the Social Sciences, translated and edited by Shils, Edward A. and Finch, Henry A. (New Jersey: Transaction Publishers).

Weir, Stuart (1996) ‘From Strong Government and Quasi Government to Strong Democracy’, in Hirst, Paul and Khilnani, Sunil (eds) Reinventing Democracy (Oxford: Blackwell).

Weir, Stuart and Beetham, David (1999) Political Power and Democratic Control in Britain: The Democratic Audit of Great Britain (London: Routledge).

Wenman, Mark Anthony (2003) ‘What Is Politics? The Approach of Radical Pluralism’, Politics, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 57–65.

Westlake, Martin (2001) Kinnock: The Biography (London: Little, Brown and Company).

Wexler, Imanuel (1991) ‘Book Review: George, Stephen (1990) An Awkward Partner: Britain in the European Community’, Business History Review, Vol. 65, No. 3, pp. 703–705.

Wheeler, Brian (2014) BBC News, 26 March.

Whitehead, Phillip (1985) The Writing on the Wall (London: Joseph).

Wichert, Sabine (1995) Northern Ireland since 1945 (London: Longman).

Wilkes, George (1997) Britain's Failure to Enter the European Community 1961–63: The Enlargement Negotiations and Crises in European, Atlantic and Commonwealth Relations (London: Frank Cass).

Wilkes, George and Wring, Dominic (1998) ‘The British Press and Integration’, in Baker, David and Seawright, David (eds) Britain For and Against Europe (Oxford: Clarendon Press).

Williams, Charles (2009) Harold Macmillan (London: Phoenix).

Williams, Geoffrey Lee and Williams, Alan Lee (1989) Labour's Decline and the Social Democrats’ Fall (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Williams, Marcia (1972) Inside Number 10 (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Williams, Philip (1984) ‘The Labour Party: The Rise of the Left’, in Berrington, Hugh (ed.) Change in British Politics (London: Frank Cass).

Wilson, Harold (1964) The New Britain: Labour's Plan Outlined by Harold Wilson (Harmondsworth: Penguin).

Wilson, Harold (1967) Harold Wilson Papers, 26 April, Bodleian Library, MS. Wilson, c. 873.

Wilson, Harold (1971) The Labour Government 1964–1970: A Personal Record (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Wintour, Patrick, Watt, Nicholas and Mason, Rowena (2014) ‘Farage and Clegg: UKIP Leader Triumphs in Second Televised Debate’, Guardian, 3 April.

Worcester, Robert (1996) ‘The 1975 British Referendum on Europe’, Contemporary British History, Vol. 10, No. 3, p. 87.

Young, Hugo (1999) This Blessed Plot (New York: The Overlook Press).

Young, John W. (1993) Britain and European Unity 1945–1992 (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Young, John W. (1998) ‘Book Review: Wilkes, George (1997) Britain's Failure to Enter the European Community 1961–63: The Enlargement Negotiations and Crises in European, Atlantic and Commonwealth Relations’, Political Studies, Vol. 46, No. 5, pp. 987–1012.

Younger, Kenneth (1964) ‘Public Opinion and British Foreign Policy’, International Affairs, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 22–25.

Ziegler, Philip (1993) Wilson, the Authorised Life (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson).

Newspapers

The following list contains a number of Times references which have been researched to aid the compilation of the trajectories in Appendix 6. As such these sources may not appear in the main body of work.

Daily Mail (1962) ‘Labour is split over Market’, 21 September.

Daily Mail (1962) ‘A straight fight over the Market’, 26 September.

Daily Mail (1967) ‘Bigger pensions if we join Six’, 9 May.

Daily Mail (1967) ‘Labour 33 vote against Wilson’, 11 May.

Daily Mail (1967) ‘Wilson sacks 7 Market rebels’, 12 May.

Daily Mirror (1971) ‘Denis Healey: Why I changed my mind’, 26 May.

Daily Telegraph (1969), 25 September, cited in Conservative Central Office records CCO 20/21/14, Chairman's Office, Party Correspondence 1969.

Daily Telegraph (1983) 11 May, p. 1.

Daily Telegraph (2000) ‘Report on Monthly Gallup Poll’, 2 October, in Crowson, Nicholas J. (2007) The Conservative Party and European Integration since 1945: At the Heart of Europe? (Abingdon: Routledge).

Guardian (1960) 30 September, p. 6.

Guardian (1995) 25 May, p. 16.

Guardian (2001) ‘Reg Prentice: Obituary’, 22 January.

Guardian (2018) ‘Theresa May Told to Clarify Brexit Stance or Face No-Confidence Vote’, 29 January.

The Times (1959) ‘More UK Firms Investing in the Common Market’, 15 September, p. 17.

The Times (1960) ‘Two Conditions of US Support for Common Market,’ 17 May, p. 20.

The Times (1961) ‘Labour Sees Common Market as Electoral Windfall’, 19 May, p. 8.

The Times (1961) ‘New Strength from Europe: Mr Jenkins's Call on Common Market’, 1 June, p. 9.

The Times (1961) ‘Britain's Place is in Vanguard of Unity: Mr Macmillan's Concept of European Commonwealth’, 3 August, p. 8.

The Times (1961) ‘Solid Vote for Approach to the Six’, 4 August, p. 6.

The Times (1961) ‘US May Join EEC Says Senator’, 4 August, p. 6.

The Times (1961) ‘Mr Macmillan on Possibility of Negotiation’, 5 August, p. 6.

The Times (1961) ‘Socialists’ Prospects More Remote’, 19 September, p. 16.

The Times (1961) ‘Offer to Recognize East Germany De Facto’, 22 September, p. 6.

The Times (1961) ‘Labour Avoids Decision on Joining Six’, 6 October, p. 14.

The Times (1961) ‘Two Common Markets’, 4 November, p. 9.

The Times (1961) ‘Common Market’, 17 November, p. 15.

The Times (1962) ‘Mr Gaitskell's Triumph on the Six: Critics Swing Over to Support,’ 4 October, p. 8.

The Times (1962) ‘Rout of the Conservative Market Critics’, 12 October, p. 12.

The Times (1962) ‘The Fight Is On’, 12 October, p. 13.

The Times (1963) ‘No Rushing into Market’, 14 January, p. 13.

The Times (1963) ‘De Gaulle Terms Unacceptable’, 21 January, p. 13.

The Times (1963) ‘New Start on EEC says Mr Wilson’, 21 March, p. 11.

The Times (1965) ‘Steel Defiance by 30 Left-Wingers’, 11 November, p. 12.

The Times (1965) ‘End Bombing, Call by 68 MPs’, 18 December, p. 6.

The Times (1966) ‘Prime Minister Gives the Left a Drubbing’, 7 July, p. 12.

The Times (1966) ‘Application to Join EEC After June? Declaration of Intent Would Aid Economy’, 28 October, p. 18.

The Times (1966) ‘Opposition Support for Genuine Approach’, 11 November, p. 16.

The Times (1967) ‘Why Britain Mean Business in EEC Approach’, 24 January, p. 8.

The Times (1967) ‘Our Entry Essential to EEC, Says Lord Butler’, 25 January, p. 8.

The Times (1967) ‘Incomes Stand by Union MPs’, 2 February, p. 1.

The Times (1967) ‘Why Mr Jay Is Wrong’, 17 February, p. 13.

The Times (1967) ‘Labour Rebels Abstain on Defence’, 1 March, p. 3.

The Times (1967) ‘Left Well Split Over Europe’, 20 April, p. 4.

The Times (1967) ‘Mr Brown Finds Omens Good for Entering Europe’, 21 April, p. 8.

The Times (1967) ‘Labour Tide Is Flowing Towards Europe’, 24 April, p. 8.

The Times (1967) ‘No Decision As Yet to Join Market, Wilson says’, 28 April, p. 4.

The Times (1967) ‘Mr Peart to Speak in Market Debate’, 5 May, p. 1.

The Times (1967) ‘Opponents on Right and Left’, 9 May, p. 17.

The Times (1967) ‘Defence and Financial Issues in Britain Joining the Six Examined’, 10 May, p. 15.

The Times (1967) ‘MPs Against the Market’, 11 May, p. 2.

The Times (1967) ‘Nuclear Defence as a Market Issue’, 11 May, p. 1.

The Times (1967) ‘Gentle Rebuke for Labour Rebels: Sequel to Anti-EEC Vote’, 3 June, p. 2.

The Times (1967) ‘Mr Benn on US-Size Firms in Europe’, 25 July, p. 1.

The Times (1967) ‘Market “Rebel” Joins Whips’, 29 July, p. 2.

The Times (1967) ‘Mr Sandys in EEC Clash’, 23 September, p. 4.

The Times (1967), ‘Prime Minister Ends Ban on Rebel MPs: Conciliatory Gesture to Left-Wingers’, 9 October, p. 1.

The Times (1967) ‘Britain Drops Special Link with US’, 10 October, p. 1.

The Times (1967) ‘Mr Wilson Repudiates Knocking on the Door of Europe: We Have Slammed Our Application on the Table’, 29 November, p. 6.

The Times (1967) ‘Don't Beg to de Gaulle, Tory Says’, 6 December, p. 3.

The Times (1968) ‘Labour Left Makes Strong Challenge for Executive’, 6 September, p. 3.

The Times (1969) ‘The Labour MPs Who Rebelled’, 4 March, p. 2.

The Times (1969) ‘University Asked About Army Help’, 13 March, p. 1.

The Times (1969) ‘Stewart Restates Britain's Desire to Join EEC’, 3 May, p. 7.

The Times (1969) ‘Warning from Callaghan’, 5 May, p. 8.

The Times (1969) ‘Brown Urges Talks on Widening of Rome Treaty’, 18 June, p. 5.

The Times (1969) ‘All-Party Support in Brussels for British Entry’, 16 July, p. 6.

The Times (1969) ‘New Mood on EEC, Powell Says’, 6 September, p. 8.

The Times (1969) ‘Powell Changes View on EEC’, 6 September, p. 1.

The Times (1969) ‘Why We Want to Enter Europe’, 6 September, p. 9.

The Times (1969) ‘Tory Leader Cautious on Reply to Powell’, 8 September, p. 2.

The Times (1969) ‘Heath Set to Give New Party Lead on Europe’, 19 September, p. 2.

The Times (1969) ‘Stewart Pledge to Poor Nations’, 3 October, p. 4.

The Times (1970) ‘Powell's New Doubt on Common Market’, 13 January, p. 5.

The Times (1970) ‘Wilson Denies He Wants to Kill Truce on EEC’, 23 February, p. 2.

The Times (1970) ‘Tory Attack on Wilson's Six Tactics’, 25 February, p. 1.

The Times (1970) ‘Wilson Upset by Doubts in Europe’, 1 April, p. 1.

The Times (1971) ‘Support for Anti-Market Motion Indicates that Most Labour MPs Will Vote Against Entry’, 21 January, p. 6.

The Times (1971) ‘Herr Brandt Gives In to French on Europe’, 25 January, p. 4.

The Times (1971) ‘Market Six Likely to Delay Reply on Finance’, 1 February, p. 4.

The Times (1971) ‘Mr Heath Says that an Enlarged EEC Is Closer than it Has Ever Been Before’, 13 February, p. 3.

The Times (1971) ‘Mr Rippon Allays Backbenchers’ Fears that Market Entry Would Hit Tory Election Chances’, 7 May, p. 7.

The Times (1971) ‘Commitment on Entry by 100 Labour MPs’, 11 May, p. 1.

The Times (1971) ‘Mr Callaghan Sees Himself as Leading the Charge Against the Common Market’, 29 July, p. 2.

The Times (1971) ‘Pro-Market Labour MPs May be Curbed’, 4 August, p. 1.

The Times (1971) ‘Mr Jenkins Plans Labour Pro-Market Campaign’, 26 August, p. 4.

The Times (1971) ‘Labour Party Conference/Brighton Common Market Terms of Entry Rejected by Majority of 4m Votes: Pro-EEC Motion Withdrawn’, 5 October, p. 6.

The Times (1971) ‘Mr Heath to Allow Tory MPs Free Vote in Common Market Debate’, 19 October, p. 1.

The Times (1971) ‘No Free Vote for Labour’, 20 October, p. 15.

The Times (1971) ‘Shadow Cabinet Turns Down Wilson Plan on EEC Vote’, 20 October, p. 1.

The Times (1971) ‘EEC Policy Could Destroy Tories’, 23 October, p. 2.

The Times (1971) ‘Labour Is Torn Three Ways in Clash on Common Market’, 26 October, p. 1.

The Times (1971) ‘66 Labour MPs Expected to Boost Government Majority on Market Vote’, 28 October, p. 1.

The Times (1971) ‘MPs Switch EEC Attack to Shadow Cabinet’, 3 November, p2.

The Times (1971) ‘Anti-Market MPs Call Rippon Agreement on Fisheries a “Sell-Out” and Seek Debate’, 13 December, p. 1.

The Times (1972) ‘Mr Wilson Dismisses Market Campaigner from His Front Bench’, 20 January, p. 2.

The Times (1972) ‘Labour Stops Commons Debate on Market Bill After Amendments Clash’, 1 March, p. 1.

The Times (1972) ‘Rank and File Demand More Public Ownership’, 4 October, p. 4.

The Times (1973) ‘British MPs Pioneer Link with Brussels’, 20 February, p. 5.

The Times (1973) ‘Problems of Staffing Hotels and Restaurants’, 11 July, p. 7.

The Times (1974) ‘Labour's Public Ownership Trio Reunited’, 21 March, p. 4.

The Times (1974) ‘Swift Action Wanted to CAP: We Can Fight an Election on This’, 20 June, p. 17.

The Times (1974) ‘Has Anyone Seen the Left-Wing Bogymen?’ 17 July, p. 16.

The Times (1974) ‘Labour Moderates All Out to Win Party Post’, 26 October, p. 2.

The Times (1974) ‘Left Keeps Hold on Party's European Policy Group’, 20 November, p. 2.

The Times (1975) ‘Labour Rebels Help to Defeat Government on Pensioner Earnings’, 30 January, p. 1.

The Times (1975) ‘No Action on PPSs in Revolt on Queen's Pay’, 28 February, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Wilson Must Stop Anti-EEC Rout or Risk Leadership’, 25 March, p. 1.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Wilson Forms His EEC Coalition’, 7 April, p. 15.

The Times (1975) ‘Labour MPs Draw Up Their Battle Lines’, 8 April, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Ministers Ordered to Toe the Line When They Speak on Behalf of Government’, 8 April, p. 1.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Heffer to Defy Mr Wilson by Attacking EEC in House’, 9 April, p. 1.

The Times (1975) ‘38 Ministers Among 145 Labour MPs Voting Against the Government’, 10 April, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Labour Divides on Europe’, 10 April, p. 17.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Heffer Dismissed for His Defiance of Prime Minister’, 10 April, p. 1.

The Times (1975) ‘How MPs Voted on EEC White Paper’, 11 April, p. 6.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Benn Attacks Media Bias on Europe’, 11 April, p. 6.

The Times (1975) ‘Chemistry of Fear Enticing People to Vote in Favour of EEC’, 12 April, p. 3.

The Times (1975) ‘EEC Best for Britain and the World – Mr Wilson’, 12 April, p. 1.

The Times (1975) ‘National Front Tactics Trouble Leaders of Anti-Europe Campaign’, 14 April, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘The Struggle for the Soul of Socialism’, 14 April, p. 13.

The Times (1975) ‘Government Close to Rigging Poll, Leading Anti-European Claims’, 19 April, p. 3.

The Times (1975) ‘Constitutional Crisis if Britain Leaves, Mr Whitelaw Says’, 21 April, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Ford Man Is Tipped for Key Post’, 26 April, p. 17.

The Times (1975) ‘Special Labour Conference Votes by 2 to 1 Margin Against British Membership’, 28 April, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Promotion of Rebel MPs Blocked’, 2 May, p. 2.

The Times (1975) ‘EEC Referendum Important Changes to UK Law Underestimated, QC Says’, 5 May, p. 3.

The Times (1975) ‘56 Labour MP's Rebel on Defence Cuts’, 8 May, p. 3.

The Times (1975) ‘Europe as Big Export Market Has Not Worked, Mr Benn Says’, 17 May, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Benn Predicts Mass Unemployment from Europe Link: 500,000 Jobs Lost Already’, 19 May, p. 2.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Healey Scorns Benn “Fantasy” on Jobs’, 26 May, p. 1.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Meacher Gives Figures to Support Claim that Membership Has Cost 700,000 Jobs’, 29 May, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Tribune’ Group MP Asks Party to Discipline Mr Wilson for Violation of Anti-Market Policy’, 2 June, p. 3.

The Times (1975) ‘Mr Powell Emphasizes His Trust in Mr du Cann’, 5 June, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘The Political Argument Is Over, Mr Wilson Says’, 9 June, p. 2.

The Times (1975) ‘Mining Area MPs Get Votes of Confidence’, 30 June, p. 3.

The Times (1975) ‘Seven Point Plan for Textiles Fails to Satisfy Angry Labour MPs: Industry ‘Fed Up with Promises’, 24 July, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Re-enactment of Newham Fight Feared in Other Areas with Moderate Labour MPs’, 25 July, p. 2.

The Times (1975) ‘Left Wing MP's Vote Against Anti-IRA Bill’, 27 November, p. 4.

The Times (1975) ‘Last Left-Wing MP's Lose Their Places on Labour Liaison Body’, 28 November, p. 3.

The Times (1975) ‘Defence as the Treasury's Scapegoat’, 1 December, p. 13.

The Times (1975) ‘Defeat for Left in Union MP's Elections’, 11 December, p. 3.

The Times (1976) ‘17 Vote Victory for Government in Confidence Challenge’, 12 March, p. 1.

The Times (1976) ‘Mr Foot Leads Mr Callaghan by Six Votes in the First Ballot’, 26 March, p. 1.

The Times (1976) ‘Cutting Tail Erodes Efficiency of Teeth’, 2 April, p. 8.

The Times (1976) ‘EEC's “Tortuous” Farm Policy Angers Traders’, 12 April, p. 16.

The Times (1976) ‘10 Promotions, Four Resignations in Callaghan Reshuffle’, 15 April, p. 1.

The Times (1976) ‘Moderates Win Two Seats’, 14 May, p. 2.

The Times (1976) ‘Tarnished Prize that Is Still Worth the Winning’, 17 May, p. 10.

The Times (1976) ‘Workington Citizens Sense Instant Fame on Day After Polling’, 2 November, p. 4.

The Times (1976) ‘Nationalisation Bill Will Be Reintroduced Next Session: Compensation Terms Unchanged’, 23 November, p. 6.

The Times (1976) ‘Clear Alternatives in Two Labour Elections’, 6 December, p. 3.

The Times (1977) ‘Left Wingers Criticize Dismissal of Aides’, 7 February, p. 2.

The Times (1977) ‘Nato Again Puts Off Decision on Awacs’, 26 March, p. 3.

The Times (1977) ‘Unilateral Defence Cuts Jeopardize Peace’, 29 March, p. 4.

The Times (1977) ‘Conservatives Shed No Tears Over Death of the Social Contract’, 16 July, p. 4.

The Times (1977) ‘Export Aid Sanctions Follow Irish Pay Deal’, 19 August p. 15.

The Times (1977) ‘TGWU Sets Sights on £50-a-Week Minimum’, 17 September, p. 2.

The Times (1978) ‘MP's Aide Quits in Labour Row’, 27 March, p. 2.

The Times (1978) ‘High Taxation Is a Fine on Success’, 18 April, p. 8.

The Times (1978) ‘Mrs Thatcher's Confidence Challenge to Prime Minister’, 19 May, p. 4.

The Times (1978) ‘Wealthy Derive Big Incomes from Dividends’, 22 July, p. 15.

The Times (1978) ‘Crucial By-Election for Tory Scots’, 17 October, p. 4.

The Times (1978) ‘Three New Members Will Bring More Influence But Community Must Adapt to Enlargement’, 15 November, p. 12.

The Times (1979) ‘Job Prospects Worsened’, 13 November, p. 12.

The Times (1980) ‘Labour “Moderates” to Form Group’, 24 March, p. 2.

The Times (1980) ‘PLP “Moderates” Form a New Grouping with Hope of Uniting Labour’, 26 March, p. 2.

The Times (1980) ‘Wrong for Taxpayers to Subsidize Eton’, 4 June, p. 16.

The Times (1980) ‘Mr Prior's Warning of Hard Slog Ahead’, 25 June, p. 6.

The Times (1980) ‘Labour Left Will Seek to Cancel Polaris Missile Replacement’, 16 July, p. 6.

The Times (1980), ‘Five Women Could Change the Shape of Labour's Future’, 18 July, p. 14.

The Times (1980) ‘Callaghan Snub to NEC March Decision’, 24 July, p. 1.

The Times (1980) ‘Right-Wing Labour Group Aims to Field 200 Candidates’, 25 July, p. 1.

The Times (1980) ‘Why the Labour Party Structure Must Change’, 22 September, p. 12.

The Times (1980) ‘Labour Rift Deepens Over Future of Leader’, 13 October, p. 1.

The Times (1980) ‘Trade Has Improved in Nearly All Markets’, 28 October, p. 8.

The Times (1980) ‘Left Fails to Halt Vote for Labour Leader’, 29 October, p. 1.

The Times (1980) ‘MLR Cut “As Soon As Possible”’, 7 November, p. 9.

The Times (1980) ‘Media's Negative Attitude to EEC’, 25 November, p. 4.

The Times (1980) ‘Mr Foot's Appointments Give Equal Weight to Left and Right’, 16 December, p. 2.

The Times (1981) ‘To Quit EEC Would Affect Jobs Badly’, 22 January, p. 11.

The Times (1981) ‘Mrs Thatcher Insists that Way to Provide Sound Long-Term Jobs Is to Fight Inflation Now’, 4 February, p. 9.

The Times (1981) ‘Mrs Thatcher Says it Is Unlikely that Neutron Bombs Would Need to Be Based in Britain’, 6 February, p. 10.

The Times (1981) ‘Dr Owen Warns Parties Against Unfair Tactics’, 3 March, p. 2.

The Times (1981) ‘Socialism by Consent Pledge in Statement’, 3 April, p. 2.

The Times (1981) ‘Labour Rift in Yorkshire: Scargill “Hit List” Aims to Keep Out the Moderates’, 9 April, p. 4.

The Times (1981) ‘100 Labour MPs to Demonstrate Outside Commons’, 30 April, p. 3.

The Times (1981) ‘Benn Defies Foot in Commons Vote on Defence’, 21 May, p. 1.

The Times (1981) ‘Turmoil in Labour Party: Challenge on Dropping of MP’, 9 June, p. 2.

The Times (1981) ‘Labour Reselection: Scottish Left Shows Reluctance to Challenge Sitting MPs’, 22 June, p. 2.

The Times (1981) ‘Miners Choose Benn Supporter’, 30 June, p. 3.

The Times (1981) ‘Employment: Ministers Think Young People Are Being Paid Too Much’, 1 July, p. 8.

The Times (1981) ‘Labour MP Wins Vote’, 27 August, p. 3.

The Times (1981) ‘More Than 20 MPs Withhold Their Votes’, 28 September, p. 1.

The Times (1981) ‘Anger Splits the Left’, 29 September, p. 28.

The Times (1981) ‘Labour Censure Motion on Unemployment’, 21 October, p. 8.

The Times (1981) ‘Nearly 1000 More Soviet Warheads’, 11 November, p. 4.

The Times (1981) ‘Six MPs Promoted to Foot's Front Bench’, 28 November, p. 2.

The Times (1981) ‘Liberal Refuses to Give Way to Defector’, 1 December, p. 2.

The Times (1982) ‘Frigate Ordered: Nott Defends Carriers Sale’, 24 February, p. 4.

The Times (1982) ‘Left MP in Challenge to Varley’, 24 February, p. 2.

The Times (1982) ‘Mulley Rejected by Constituency Party’, 1 March, p. 1.

The Times (1982) ‘69 Labour MPs Call for Truce’, 6 May, p. 2.

The Times (1982) ‘Europe EEC at its Best and its Worst’, 27 May, p. 4.

The Times (1982) ‘Split Over Ex-MPs Rejection’, 24 June, p. 2.

The Times (1982) ‘Class Split Among Welsh Electors’, 16 September, p. 2.

The Times (1982) ‘Mr. Frank McElhone – Obituary’, 24 September, p. 14.

The Times (1983) ‘Ten MPs Who Left the House Speechless’, 18 January, p. 28.

The Times (1983) ‘Labour Prepares to Play Musical Seats’, 16 February, p. 5.

The Times (1983) ‘Pre-Budget Clash Over Levels of Family Taxation’, 9 March, p. 4.

The Times (1983) ‘Labour Reallocates Seats with Speed’, 13 April, p. 2.

The Times (1983) ‘Councils to Fight Civil Defence Plans’, 29 April, p. 2.

The Times (1983) ‘Benn to Fight Marginal Seat’, 9 May, p. 1.

The Times (1983) ‘Thatcher Glorying in Slaughter’, 2 June, p. 1.

The Times (1983) ‘Healey Regrets His “Slaughter” Attack’, 3 June, p. 1.

The Times (1983) ‘Kinnock Ready to Abandon Pledge to Leave EEC’, 17 June, p. 1.

The Times (1983) ‘Pressure to Curb Cost of CAP’, 1 July, p. 4.

The Times (1983) ‘Labour Looks Again at Scottish Devolution’, 16 September, p. 2.

The Times (1983) ‘Urgent Review Ordered at all Levels of Party Organisation’, 4 October, p. 4.

The Times (1983) ‘Silkin Fails to Get on Tribune List’, 25 October, p. 2.

The Times (1984) ‘State Aid for New Technology Still Rising’, 18 February, p. 2.

The Times (1984) ‘Left Suspect Plot as Pit Debate Is Delayed’, 5 April, p. 1.

The Times (1984) ‘Unions Split Over Murray Ban on Sympathy Strikes’, 21 May, p. 1.

The Times (1984) ‘The Economy: Shore on Why MPs Should Stay at Work’, 27 July, p. 4.

The Times (1984) ‘Trade Unions Losing Their Good Name’, 1 August, p. 4

The Times (1984) ‘Labour Right Field 15 for Shadow Team’, 15 October, p. 2.

The Times (1984), ‘Labour's Shadow Cabinet Lines Up for the Session’, 8 November, p. 34.

The Times (1985) ‘The Massacre that Misfired’, 24 April, p. 12.

The Times (1985) ‘The Economy: PM Wants 3% Inflation’, 22 May, p. 4.

The Times (1985) ‘CND and USSR’, 10 July, p. 13.

Tribune (1971a) 1 October, p. 9.

Tribune (1971b) ‘Next Thursday, October 28, the Tory Government Could Be Defeated and Driven from Office’, 22 October, Vol. 35, No. 42, p. 1.

Tribune (1975a) 7 March, p. 1.

Tribune (1975b) 2 May, p. 2.

Parliamentary records

The following list contains a number of Hansard references which have been researched to aid the compilation of the trajectories in Appendix 6. As such these sources may not appear in the main body of work.

Hansard (1959) 3 November, Vol. 612, cc. 843–844.

Hansard (1959) 14 December, Vol. 615, cc. 1055–1178.

Hansard (1960) 14 April, Vol. 621, cc. 1521–1543.

Hansard (1960) 11 July, Vol. 626, cc. 982–1122.

Hansard (1961) 1 June, Vol. 641, cc. 414–417.

Hansard (1961) 2 August, Vol. 645, cc. 1480–1606

Hansard (1961) 3 August, Vol. 645, cc. 1651–1714.

Hansard (1961) 3 August, Vol. 645, cc. 1715–1786

Hansard (1961) 29 November, Vol. 650, cc. 411–423.

Hansard (1962) 5 March, Vol. 655, cc. 30–31.

Hansard (1962) 2 July, Vol. 662, cc. 15–17.

Hansard (1962) 1 August, Vol. 664, cc. 643–677.

Hansard (1962) 8 November, Vol. 666, cc. 1172–1312.

Hansard (1962) 13 December, Vol. 669, cc. 653–715.

Hansard (1963) 12 February, Vol. 671, cc. 1118–1262.

Hansard (1964) 16 December, Vol. 704, cc. 401–526.

Hansard (1965) 25 February, Vol. 707, cc. 604–605.

Hansard (1965) 29 April, Vol. 711, cc. 623–623.

Hansard (1965) 19 July, Vol. 716, cc. 1123–1258.

Hansard (1965) 20 July, Vol. 716, cc. 1341–1472.

Hansard (1965) 3 August, Vol. 717, cc. 1270–1273.

Hansard (1965) 22 November, Vol. 721, cc. 18–19.

Hansard (1965) 6 December, Vol. 722, cc. 25–27.

Hansard (1965) 20 December, Vol. 722, cc. 1708–1825.

Hansard (1966) 7 February, Vol. 724, cc. 29–31.

Hansard (1966) 28 February, Vol. 725, cc. 887–888.

Hansard (1966) 7 July, Vol. 731, cc. 644–654.

Hansard (1966) 16 November, Vol. 736, cc. 446–569.

Hansard (1966) 17 November, Vol. 736, cc. 653–654.

Hansard (1966) 12 December, Vol. 738, cc. 15–16.

Hansard (1966) 15 December, Vol. 738, cc. 653–656.

Hansard (1967) 25 April, Vol. 745, cc. 1322–1328.

Hansard (1967) 2 May, Vol. 746, cc. 310–332.

Hansard (1967), 3 May, Vol. 746, cc. 535–537.

Hansard (1967) 8 May, Vol. 746, cc. 1061–1184.

Hansard (1967) 9 May, Vol. 746, cc. 1281–1414.

Hansard (1967) 10 May, Vol. 746, cc. 1504–1553.

Hansard (1967) 10 May, Vol. 746, cc. 1554–1656.

Hansard (1967) 6 July, Vol. 749, cc. 1982–1985.

Hansard (1967) 22 November, Vol. 754, cc. 1294–1295.

Hansard (1967) 28 November, Vol. 755, cc. 234–242.

Hansard (1968) 24 January, Vol. 757, cc. 415–546.

Hansard (1969) 6 March, Vol. 779, cc. 665–672.

Hansard (1969) 8 December, Vol. 793, cc. 38–174.

Hansard (1969) 10 December, Vol. 793, cc. 442–50.

Hansard (1970) 24 February, Vol. 796, cc. 996–1162.

Hansard (1970) 25 February, Vol. 796, cc. 1213–1338.

Hansard (1970) 14 April, Vol. 799, cc. 1206–1208.

Hansard (1970) 16 April, Vol. 799 cc. 1566–1567.

Hansard (1970) 21 April, Vol. 800, cc. 238–240.

Hansard (1970) 6 July, Vol. 803, cc. 339–462.

Hansard (1970) 20 July, Vol. 804, cc. 1–7.

Hansard (1971) Parliamentary Debates 1970–1971, Vol. 823, 22 September 1970 to 28 October 1971, pp. 2211–2218 (London: Hansard).

Hansard (1971) 21 January, Vol. 809, cc. 1304–1412.

Hansard (1971) 15 June, Vol. 819, cc. 217–218.

Hansard (1971) 19 July, Vol. 821, cc. 1050–1058.

Hansard (1971) 21 July, Vol. 821, cc. 1452–1592.

Hansard (1971) 22 July, Vol. 821, cc. 1693–1810.

Hansard (1971) 22 July, Vol. 821, cc. 1811–1932.

Hansard (1971) 23 July, Vol. 821, cc. 1845–1942.

Hansard (1971) 26 July, Vol. 822, cc. 5–7.

Hansard (1971) 26 July, Vol. 822, cc. 31–167.

Hansard (1971) 21 October, Vol. 823, cc. 912–1071.

Hansard (1971) 22 October, Vol. 823, cc. 1094–1186.

Hansard (1971) 25 October, Vol. 823, cc. 1234–1438.

Hansard (1971) 26 October, Vol. 823, cc. 1480–1686.

Hansard (1971) 27 October, Vol. 823, cc. 1740–1918.

Hansard (1971) 27 October, Vol. 823, cc. 1732–2033.

Hansard (1971) 28 October, Vol. 823, cc. 2076–2217.

Hansard (1972) 15 February, Vol. 831, cc. 264–377.

Hansard (1972) 16 February, Vol. 834, cc. 443–552.

Hansard (1972) 17 February, Vol. 831, cc. 629–761.

Hansard (1972) 2 May, Vol. 836, cc. 206–349.

Hansard (1972) 24 May, Vol. 837, cc. 1452–1586.

Hansard (1972) 26 June, Vol. 839, cc. 1001–1080.

Hansard (1972) 27 June, Vol. 839, cc. 1320–1350.

Hansard (1972) 3 July, Vol. 840, cc. 6–12.

Hansard (1972) 5 July, Vol. 840, c. 568.

Hansard (1972) 13 July, Vol. 840, cc. 1862–1988.

Hansard (1972) 17 October, Vol. 843, cc. 39–171.

Hansard (1972) 23 October, Vol. 843, cc. 791–814.

Hansard (1972) 7 December, Vol. 847, cc. 1752–1767.

Hansard (1973) 23 March, Vol. 853, cc. 781–876.

Hansard (1973) 22 October, Vol. 861, cc. 680–682.

Hansard (1973) 31 October, Vol. 863, cc. 179–310.

Hansard (1973) 13 November, Vol. 864, cc. 246–247.

Hansard (1973) 27 November, Vol. 865, cc. 215–357.

Hansard (1974) 12 March, Vol. 870, cc. 48–180.

Hansard (1974) 19 March, Vol. 870, cc. 858–989.

Hansard (1975) Parliamentary Debates 1974–1975, Vol. 889, 24 March 1974 to 11 April 1975, pp. 1365–1369 (London: Hansard).

Hansard (1974) 27 March, Vol. 871, cc. 427–433.

Hansard (1974) 1 May, Vol. 872, cc. 1122–1127.

Hansard (1974) 2 May, Vol. 872, c. 501.

Hansard (1974) 25 July, Vol. 877, cc. 1825–1833.

Hansard (1974) 30 October, Vol. 880, cc. 227–371.

Hansard (1974) 21 November, Vol. 881, cc. 1535–1544.

Hansard (1974) 22 November, Vol. 881, cc. 1687–1771.

Hansard (1974) 27 November, Vol. 882, cc. 441–450.

Hansard (1974) 12 December, Vol. 883, cc. 760–762.

Hansard (1974) 16 December, Vol. 883, cc. 1121–1139.

Hansard (1974) 19 December, Vol. 883, cc. 1987–2000.

Hansard (1975) 3 February, Vol. 885, cc. 916–919.

Hansard (1975) 27 February, Vol. 887, cc. 721–778.

Hansard (1975) 27 February, Vol. 887, cc. 845–873.

Hansard (1975) 3 March, Vol. 887, cc. 1026–1027.

Hansard (1975) 11 March, Vol. 888, cc. 291–408.

Hansard (1975) 11 March, Vol. 888, cc. 409–456.

Hansard (1975) 12 March, Vol. 888, cc. 509–522.

Hansard (1975) 18 March, Vol. 888, cc. 1456–1480.

Hansard (1975) 20 March, Vol. 888, cc. 1851–1853.

Hansard (1975) 7 April, Vol. 889, cc. 821–961.

Hansard (1975) 8 April, Vol. 889, cc. 1020–1150.

Hansard (1975) 9 April, Vol. 889, cc. 1243–1371.

Hansard (1975) 22 April, Vol. 890, cc. 1249–1373.

Hansard (1975) 9 June, Vol. 893, cc. 29–45.

Hansard (1975) 1 July, Vol. 894, cc. 1381–1429.

Hansard (1975) 3 November, Vol. 899, cc. 28–108.

Hansard (1975) 4 December, Vol. 901, cc. 1931–1943.

Hansard (1976) 8 March, Vol. 907, cc. 28–44.

Hansard (1976) 28 April, Vol. 910, cc. 370–371.

Hansard (1977) 7 July, Vol. 934, cc. 1436–1569.

Hansard (1978) 23 February, Vol. 944, cc. 1724–1830.

Hansard (1978) 29 November, Vol. 959, cc. 457–659.

Hansard (1979) 3 December, Vol. 975, cc. 29–47.

Hansard (1980) 21 May, Vol. 985, cc. 507–515.

Hansard (1981) 15 April, Vol. 3, cc. 316–318.

Hansard (1982) 3 February, Vol. 17, cc. 300–302.

Hansard (1983) 9 May, Vol. 42, cc. 625–626.

Hansard (1984) 10 July, Vol. 63, cc. 890–980.

Hansard (1986) 10 July, Vol. 101, cc. 543–572.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 74 29 0
PDF Downloads 39 17 1