Index
in The British political elite and Europe, 1959–1984

Index

Acheson, Dean 110
Action Committee for the United States of Europe 64, 65, 125
Anti-Common Market League (ACML) 111
Attlee, Clement 22
Barber, Anthony 110, 149, 150, 156
Beaverbrook, Lord 31, 56, 116, 121
Benn, Tony 99, 146, 149, 151, 158
dismissed from post as Secretary of State for Industry 79
referendum 88
Social Democratic Party 75
supported Wilson's 1967 application 113
view on the media prior to referendum 82, 86
Biffen, John 109, 146, 149, 150, 156
Biggs-Davison, John 141, 149, 150, 156
sovereignty 111
Blair, Tony 19, 113, 149, 151, 158
campaigned to leave the EEC 103, 104
sovereignty 23
Britain in Europe (BIE) 9, 90, 133
British business 14, 129
financial backing for the Yes campaign in referendum 90
support for membership 52, 61
Value Added Tax (VAT) 61
Brown, George 4, 44, 50, 54, 58
tour of Europe 89
Bruges Group 105, 118
Butler, Rab 29, 30
Callaghan, James 54, 57, 112, 141, 149, 151, 158
devaluation 58
leadership challenge 71, 74
renegotiations 84
threat to Wilson 55
Cameron, David 2, 130, 131, 133
Campaign for Democratic Socialism (CDS) 38, 74
Castle, Barbara 42, 54, 56, 61, 73, 105, 146
Jenkin's budget (1970) 67
Chalfont, Lord 51
Churchill, Winston 45, 110
civil service 19, 129
middle-class dominance 10
Clark, Lord 88, 89
Clarke, Kenneth 142
sovereignty 22
Commonwealth 14
Beaverbrook newspapers 31
Gaitskell and 39, 40, 43
Wilson and 55, 73
Communist threat 36
Confederation of British Industry (CBI) 4, 10, 61, 63, 129
Conservative Central Office 12, 34, 128
Conservative government 29, 127, 132, 154
Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) 72
federalism 28
Labour rebels 116
opinion polls 102
Conservative Party 76, 107, 122, 132
Action Committee for a United States of Europe 65
divisions 96, 106, 124, 131
electing a non-aristocrat as leader 59
Labour pro-Europeans 72
Conservative Party manifestos
1970 66, 128
1983 101
Conservative tribal loyalty 8, 82, 103, 109, 122, 124
diminishing tribal loyalty 131
Cook, Robin 146
sovereignty 17, 23, 24
Corbyn, Jeremy 13, 133
Cousins, Frank 42
Crosland, Anthony 44, 83, 93, 113, 142, 149, 151, 158
Crosland, Susan 74, 75
Crossman, Richard 37, 149, 151, 158
Brown on 44
Common Market dominated by Germany and France 113
Jenkin's budget (1970) 68
Leader of the House 55
Macmillan's application 52
opposition to EEC membership 113
support for Wilson's application 61
Daily Express 12, 31, 116, 121, 152
Daily Herald 116, 152
Daily Mail 102, 121, 152
Daily Mirror 56, 116, 121, 152
Daily Telegraph 130, 152
Daily Worker 31
Davies, Philip 117, 118
de Gaulle, Charles 62, 70, 123
Britain's special relationship with America 51, 69
vetoes 29, 32, 55, 58, 60
Delors, Jacques 6, 118
address to TUC (1988) 130
Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) 72
du Cann, Edward 60, 112, 149, 150, 156
Economist 31, 121, 152
Eden, Sir Anthony 30
Eisenhower, Dwight D. 36
elite opinion 14, 34, 35, 46, 105, 106, 127
Encounter 41, 49
European elections 104, 105, 114
European Free Trade Association (EFTA) 30, 40, 110
European Movement 90
European Union (EU) 24, 130, 131, 132
terms of withdrawal 12
threat to parliamentary sovereignty 18, 20
Eurosceptics 3, 17, 131, 133
Feather, Vic 11
federal Europe 28, 39, 90, 109
Benn on SDP position 75
sovereignty 24
Wilson 65
Federal Trust 52
Fell, Anthony 32, 142
Financial Times 97
Foot, Michael 146
cricket analogy quote 33
liability as leader 103
Foreign Office 10, 129
first application 28
France 37, 51, 60
Fraser, Hugh 110, 142, 149, 150, 156
sovereignty 111
Frere-Smith, Christopher 91
Fulbright, J. William 36
Gaitskell, Hugh 38, 43, 47
speech to Labour Party Conference (1962) 39, 40, 42, 45, 125
Gallup poll 11, 31, 32, 45
devaluation 58
general elections
1964 46, 47, 62
1970 64, 66, 76, 88, 113, 128
1974 (February) 78, 79, 80, 81
1974 (October) 82, 88, 90
1979 96, 97, 106, 125
1983 95, 100, 101, 102, 103
2015 2, 95
2017 13
Germany 113
Get Britain Out 91
Gordon Walker, Patrick 42, 45, 139, 149, 158
future of Commonwealth 115
Gould, Bryan 115
Guardian 31, 54, 116, 121, 130, 152
Hattersley, Roy 50, 98, 139, 143
Healey, Denis 143, 149, 151, 158
changing position on Europe 70, 112
Commonwealth speech 41
referendum 93
sovereignty 25
Heath, Edward 64–77 passim, 90, 123, 143
Gaitskell and 43
general election (February 1974) 79, 81
modernisation 59, 62, 119
Powell 78, 80
sovereignty 61
Heathcote-Amory, Derick 28
Holland, Stuart 115
House of Commons 109, 112
Common Market debate (1971) 64, 67, 98
referendum 82, 93, 141
Howe, Geoffrey 110, 121, 143, 149, 150, 156
sovereignty 23, 25, 126
Hurd, Douglas 65, 86, 131, 143
Independent 130
Jay, Douglas 54, 126, 147, 149, 151, 159
sovereignty 114
Jenkins, Roy 11, 41, 55, 74, 97, 139, 143
budget (1970) 67, 68
deputy leader 71
renegotiations 83
sovereignty 24
Johnson, Lyndon Baines 21, 58
Kaufman, Gerald 114, 147, 149, 151, 159
longest suicide note in history 100, 107
Kinnock, Neil 102, 104, 106, 114, 122, 149, 151, 159
69 Labour rebels 74
referendum 87
sovereignty 22, 24
Labour government 28, 61, 93, 100, 123, 155
devaluation 58
supporting continued membership of EEC 82, 85
Labour MPs, the 69 rebels 74, 98, 139
Labour National Executive Committee (NEC) 92, 99, 100
Labour Party 8, 22, 72, 98, 102, 107, 133
devaluation 58
divisions within 38, 42, 65, 75, 93, 94, 97, 106
first application 27, 33, 45
referendum 78, 84, 85, 89
second application 55, 58, 62
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 97, 99
sovereignty 23, 26, 38
Labour Party manifestos
1964 46
1974 (February) 79, 81
1983 99, 100, 102
Lawson, Nigel 143
sovereignty 22
Lee, Jennie 53
Liberal Democrat MPs 3, 132
Liberal Party 33, 39, 71, 87
Maastricht Treaty 106, 109, 117, 130
Macmillan, Harold 39, 47, 52, 65, 123
first application 27, 29
free trade area 30
modernisation project 35
opinion polls 31, 32, 34
Major, John 117, 130, 131
Marquand, David 74, 83, 98, 139, 144
Maudling, Reginald 36, 144, 149, 150, 157
European Free Trade Association (EFTA) 110
May, Theresa 3, 13
general election (2017) 72
Mayhew, Christopher 53, 139
Mikardo, Ian 147
plot to overturn Labour policy on Europe 89
MORI polls 91
National Front 86
National Opinion Poll (NOP) 34, 80
New Statesman 104, 116, 152
change of position on Europe 121
North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) 53
Northern Ireland 72
Nott, John 144, 149, 150, 157
change of position on Europe 109
Observer 31, 86
One Europe 81
Osborne, George 20
Owen, David 97, 139, 144
Peart, Fred 70, 115, 144, 149, 151, 159
Pompidou, Georges 58, 69, 123
meeting with Edward Heath (1971) 68
Powell, Enoch 109, 123, 147, 149, 150, 157
advocating a Labour vote 76, 80, 81, 87
general election (February 1974) 93
sovereignty 23
volte-face on Europe 78
Prentice, Reg 83, 84, 114, 144, 149, 151, 157
Prescott, John 115, 147, 149, 151, 159
press 12, 116, 120, 152
first application 31, 56
referendum 86, 91, 92
public opinion 11, 13, 116, 121, 129, 153
devaluation 58
first application 31, 32, 45
general election (1970) 66
Heath and 67, 70
referendum 91, 120
second application 61
Rees-Mogg, Jacob 98, 132
referendum on EEC membership (1975) 78–94 passim, 97, 98, 111, 117, 149
referendum on EU membership (2016) 2, 12, 88, 124, 133
press 130
sovereignty 16
Ridley, Nicholas 110, 149, 150, 157
Rockefeller, David 29, 30
Rodgers, William 140
St John Stevas, Norman 71, 145
Shore, Peter 107, 126, 127, 147
media coverage of referendum 82
sovereignty 17, 24
Silkin, John 97, 115, 147, 149, 151, 159
Single Market 132
Smith, John 116, 140, 145, 149, 151, 159
Social Democratic Party (SDP) 75, 76, 97, 99, 102, 106
sovereignty 3, 16–26 passim, 61, 93, 120
Foreign Office and loss of sovereignty 28
Labour Party divisions 38
referendum 84, 87
Spectator 116, 152
Stewart, Michael 69, 77, 140, 145, 149, 151, 159
changing his position on Europe 112
Sun, The 116, 152
Tapsell, Peter 111, 145, 149, 150, 157
Taverne, Dick 55, 140
Thatcher, Margaret 98, 101, 121, 123, 145, 149, 150, 157
adversarial approach 96
Bruges speech 109, 117, 118, 130
referendum 90
sovereignty 22
Thomas, Peter 71, 72
Thorpe, Jeremy 71, 145
Times, The 71, 85, 121, 130, 152
Trades Union Congress (TUC) 34, 43
Delors speech 117, 130
Treasury 10
Treaty of Rome 28, 87
Tribune 73, 91, 116, 121, 152
Tribune group 82, 126
Prentice and 114
Ulster MPs 72
United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) 2, 130
United States of America (USA) 29, 30, 35, 47, 48, 58
defence 53
de Gaulle 51, 69
sovereignty 20
special relationship 36, 51, 52
Value Added Tax (VAT) 61
Varley, Eric 115, 136, 148, 149, 151, 159
Walker, Peter 111, 145, 149, 150, 157
Whitelaw, William 90, 102, 145
Williams, Shirley 37, 97, 140, 146
threat to withdraw from public life 89
Wilson, Harold 65, 146, 149, 151, 159
British business support 52, 61
devaluation 58, 62
first application 27, 33
opinion polls 69, 77, 93
personal view on membership 61, 89, 124
referendum 79, 83, 88
second application 50, 54
sovereignty 20, 38, 84
terms of entry 55, 73
US influence 21, 53, 69, 129

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