The increasing commercialisation of sport raises important questions concerning regulation. The development of the European Union (EU) and the internationalization of sporting competition have added an international dimension to this debate. Yet sport is not only a business, it is a social and cultural activity. Can regulation at the EU level reconcile this tension? Adopting a distinctive legal and political analysis, this book argues that the EU is receptive to the claim of sport for special treatment before the law. It investigates the birth of EU sports law and policy by examining the impact of the Bosman ruling and other important European Court of Justice decisions, the relationship between sport and EU competition law, focusing particularly on the broadcasting of sport, the organization of sport and the international transfer system, and the relationship between sport and the EU Treaty, focusing in particular on the impact of the Amsterdam and Nice declarations on sport and the significance of the Helsinki report on sport. This text raises questions concerning the appropriate theoretical tools for analysing European integration.
Valentina Azarova is an international legal practitioner and scholar with fifteen years of experience working with and advising non-governmental organisations, focusing on questions of economic and social global inequality including as they result from armed conflict. She is Legal Advisor to the Global Legal Action Network (GLAN). She is also Research Fellow at the Manchester International Law Centre, University of Manchester and Visiting Fellow at the Institute for International Law of Peace and Armed Conflict, Ruhr University, Bochum. Her contribution to this volume is based on her work with civil society in the Middle East and North Africa where she has lived and held academic posts for over a decade, including in Palestine, Lebanon, and Turkey.
Antal Berkes is lecturer in law at Brunel University London. In 2019, he was a postdoctoral research fellow at the SARChI Professorship on International Constitutional Law (Prof Erika de Wet) at the University of Pretoria, where he wrote his book entitled International Human Rights Law in Areas out of the Effective Control of the State (forthcoming). He is visiting scholar at the Manchester International Law Centre, University of Manchester.
Veronika Bílková is an associate professor in International Law at the Faculty of Law of the Charles University in Prague and the head of the Centre for International Law of the Institute of International Relations, Prague. Since 2010, she has represented the Czech Republic in the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe. Since 2018, she has been the Secretary-General of the European Society of International Law (ESIL). Having a background in both law and political science, she combines theoretical research with a more policy-oriented approach. She was the final rapporteur of the ILA Committee on Non-State Actors.
Catherine Brölmann is Associate Professor of International Law at the University of Amsterdam. She is co-editor-in-chief of Oxford International Organizations and an editor on the board of International Community Law Review. She is a member of the Advisory Committee for Public International Law of the Netherlands Government.
Fabian Cardenas is Professor of International Law at the University of Bogota Jorge Tadeo Lozano. He directs the LLM programmes in environmental law and teaches public international law, international legal theory, and international environmental law. He is founder and board member of the Colombian Academy of International Law; member of the interest group on international responsibility and the environment of the Latin American Society of International Law. His books and academic articles primarily concern the theory of the sources of international law, international environmental law, as well as the law of the sea and the operation of the International Criminal Court with regards to Colombia and Latin America. With fifteen years of academic experience, he has also worked as a diplomat and international legal advisor of Colombia and some international organisations.
Jean d’Aspremont is Professor of International Law at Sciences Po School of Law. He also holds a chair of Public International Law at the University of Manchester where he founded the Manchester International Law Centre (MILC). He is General Editor of the Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law and Director of Oxford International Organizations (OXIO). He is a member of the Scientific Advisory Board of the European Journal of International Law and series editor of the Melland Schill Studies in International Law.
Rossana Deplano is Lecturer in Law at the University of Leicester. Her main research interests lie in the field of public international law, with a focus on United Nations law, international legal theory, and international legal research. In 2017, her monograph entitled The Strategic Use of International Law by the United Nations Security Council: An Empirical Study (Springer 2015) was noted as one of the five most influential books of the year by the President of the European Society of International Law. She is currently writing a monograph for Cambridge University Press entitled Empirical and Theoretical Approaches to International Law: How States Use the United Nations General Assembly to Create International Obligations. She is also the co-editor of the first Handbook on Research Methods in International Law (Elgar, forthcoming 2020).
Sufyan Droubi is Lecturer in Law within the School of Social Sciences, University of Dundee. Previously, Sufyan was a Research Fellow at the University of São Paulo and at the University of Manchester, sponsored by a FAPESP Postdoctoral Fellowship. He holds a PhD in Law from the University of Essex. A fully qualified lawyer in Brazil since 1996, he spent fifteen years in practice before turning to the academia. He is one of the editors of the Melland Shill Perspectives to International Law; and one of the coordinators of the Interest Group on International Organisations of the European Society of International Law.
Lorenzo Gasbarri is research fellow in international law and visiting lecturer at Bocconi University. He has studied at the University of Florence, Milan and at the Graduate Institute in Geneva. Lorenzo has held research positions at University College London and at the University of Helsinki and has been visiting fellow at the University of Copenhagen and at the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg. He is junior editor of the Oxford database on international organisations and convener of the interest group on the law of international organisations of the European Society of International Law.
Kasey McCall-Smith is a Senior Lecturer in Public International Law and the Programme Director of the LLM in Human Rights at the University of Edinburgh Law School. She researches and publishes predominantly in the areas of treaty law, corporate social responsibility relating to modern slavery, treaty body jurisprudence, and the domestic incorporation and implementation of human rights treaties. She is currently the Chair of the Association of Human Rights Institutes.
Maiko Meguro is a PhD research fellow of the Amsterdam Centre for International Law, University of Amsterdam. Her research focus is mainly on international lawmaking, particularly on the way decision-making processes at domestic and international levels interact. She also works as a legal officer for DG CNECT (the European Commission) and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan.
Jean-Baptiste Merlin is an associate member of the Centre de droit international de Nanterre (CEDIN) and a consultant in public international law. From October 2015 to the completion of the topic in 2018 he was an assistant of the Special Rapporteur of the United Nations International Law Commission on the topic ‘Identification of customary international law’. A graduate from the Institut d’Etudes Politiques of Aix-en-Provence, France (2010), he holds a PhD in public law from the University of Paris Nanterre (2015). His experience as an international lawyer also includes practice as Counsel representing States in cases before international jurisdictions, including the International Court of Justice and the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea. He also serves as arbitrator’s collaborator in cases before the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes.
Iris Müller, Legal Adviser, Legal Division, International Committee of the Red Cross.
Luíza Leão Soares Pereira is Lecturer in International Law at the University of Sheffield, UK. She has studied at the University of Cambridge, UK, and at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Her research is on the role of individual international lawyers in lawmaking and the functioning of the international legal profession.
Maruša T. Veber is a teaching assistant and a PhD candidate at the Department of International Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Ljubljana. She is pursuing her PhD in collaboration with the Manchester International Law Centre on the topic of sanctions adopted by international organisations in the defence of the general interest. Previously she was a junior visiting fellow at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, a visiting scholar at the University of Hull Law School and a researcher at the United Nations University Institute on Comparative Regional Integration Studies (UNU-CRIS) in Bruges. She is a member of Geneva International Sanctions Network and a member of Slovene branch of International Law Association.
Nikolaos Voulgaris is a law lecturer at the European Law & Governance School in Athens and a post-doctoral Fellow at the Athens Public International Law Center. He studied law in Athens (National and Kapodistrian University) and London (King’s College London). He is also teaching assistant at the National and Kapodistrian University and is a non-practising member of the Athens bar.
Michael Wood, 20 Essex Street Chambers, Member of the International Law Commission (Special Rapporteur for Identification of customary international law between 2012 and 2018).
William Thomas Worster is Senior Lecturer in International Law at The Hague University of Applied Sciences where he has taught public international law, international organisations, and international migration and refugee law for more than ten years. Prior to teaching, he served at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and also worked in various countries in private firms, NGOs, and government. He is the author of more than forty articles and book chapters in his fields of expertise, and has also spoken at more than fifty universities and international conferences worldwide.
Tomoko Yamashita is Associate Professor of International Law at Aichi Prefectural University, Japan. She obtained PhD (2015), LLM (2009), and LLB (2007) from Kobe University and Master Complémentaire en droit international (2012) from Université libre de Bruxelles.