Index
in Surrealism and film after 1945

Index

Abd-el-Krim 45
Abismos de pasión (Buñuel, 1953–54) 88
Académie du cinéma 76
Acéphale group 33
Ades, Dawn 167
Affron, Matthew 62
African diaspora, film-makers of 15
Afro-surrealism 15
‘Against Commercial Cinema’ (Péret) 86
L’Âge d’or (Buñuel and Dalí, 1930) 2, 50, 87, 141n3
Breton on 812
Brunius as assistant director 89n16
Communist Party influence on 80
confusion of animal and human in 209, 221
Ernst as actor in 100
The Holy Mountain and 187
Legrand’s essay on 157
mainstream film criticism and 147
poetry in cinema and 101
L’Âge du cinéma (journal) 2, 4, 82, 160
cover of surrealist special issue 3
history of 14950
as inspiration for Buñuel’s essay on poetry and cinema 13, 848
Aimless Walk [Bezúčelná procházka] (Hackenschmied, 1930) 26
À la source, la femme aimée (Kaplan, 1965) 213
Albera, François 93
Alchemist theatre 188, 198200
Alcoriza, Luis 88
Alejandro, Julio 88
Alemán, Miguel 83
Algeria, French colonial war in 45, 1323
Alice (Allen, 1990) 154
Alice [Nĕco z Alenky] (Švankmajer, 1987) 207, 220
allegory 567
Allen, Woody 132, 154, 155
All Quiet on the Western Front (Milestone, 1930) 149
Almanach surréaliste du demi-siècle 80, 81, 84
Aloi, Giovanni 220
Altman, Robert 155
Ambiente Mexico 68 (Peire, 1968) 200
Amour, érotisme et cinéma (Kyrou, 1957) 152
Analogon (Czech surrealist journal) 220
anarchism 7, 223n2
Second Situationist International and 111, 114, 116, 121, 122
Anémic Cinéma (Duchamp, 1925) 102
Aníbal 5 [science-fiction comic] (Jodorowsky, 1966) 190
Animal Crackers (Heerman, 1930) 148
animals 163, 198, 2078, 223n3
in Buñuel’s films 198, 20910, 214, 216
in chronophotography 63
in early surrealist imagery 20910
human–animal relations 209, 214, 216, 223
humans as 210, 223n3
in Kaplan’s films 14, 207, 21418, 215, Plate 9
in The Mansion of Madness 169
in Švankmajer’s animations 14, 21823
Animals in Film (Burt, 2002) 216
animation 11, 64, 151, 155
Disney and 149
in Une semaine de bonté 959, 102
of Švankmajer 21823
in Witch’s Cradle 34
Anthropocene epoch 14, 207, 211, 218
anthropocentrism 14, 208, 210, 21823
anthropology 43, 162
Anthropometry series (Klein, 1960) 199
Anticlímax (Jodorowsky and Gelsen Gas, 1969/70) 200
Antón, David 196
Antonioni, Michelangelo 9, 155
Apollinaire, Guillaume 135
Aragon, Louis 1, 80, 82, 1612
Aragon Affair (1932) 80
Aranda, Francisco 76
Arau, Alfonso 179
Arcanum 17 (Breton, 1944) 378, 40n41, 215, 217, 220
Arica School 191
Arp, Jean 28
Arrabal, Fernando 9, 187, 198
Arsenal: Surrealist Subversion (journal) 208
Artaud, Antonin 2, 38n4, 147, 187
influence on The Holy Mountain 18893, 195
on sound in cinema 148
Les Tarahumaras (1947) 192
The Theatre and Its Double [Le Théâtre et son double] (1938) 198
Theatre of Cruelty 198
‘Art et cinéma’ (Ray) 85
Art Informel 101
L’Art magique (Breton, 1957) 156, 213
Art of This Century gallery 28, 301, 33, 35, 105n61
Ascension of Mount Analogue, The (Varo, 1960) 197
Ascent of Mount Carmel (St. John of the Cross, sixteenth century) 190
Ashton, Dore 55, 69
‘As in a Wood’ (Breton) 2, 84, 149
Aspern Papers, The (James, 1888) 138
At Land (Deren, 1944) 21, 22, 34, 37, 40n37, 40n43
Aus Westdeutschland Nicht Neues [All Quiet on the West German Front] (Nash, Thorsen, and SPUR, uncompleted) 117
‘auteur theory’ (politique des auteurs) 159, 160
automatism 1, 2, 140
avant-garde film 10, 66, 76, 108, 180n2
Deren’s films as founding moment of 21
rejected by Artaud and Dalí 148
Situationist attack on 109
Avery, Tex 86, 132, 155
Aviary (Cornell, 1955) 65, 667
Bakare, Lanre 15
Balderston, John L. 128, 129, 141n10
Balzac, Honoré de 136
Bardem, Juan Antonio 150
Barr, Alfred 55
Barragán, Luis 199
Bataille, Georges 8, 33, 38n4, 101, 151
Baudelaire, Charles 26, 55, 578, 213
Bazin, André 87, 149, 150, 159, 160
‘Beast in the Jungle, The’ (James, 1903) 138
Bébé Marie box (Cornell, 1940s) 66
Bédouin, Jean-Louis 2, 12, 149
Beehive (Cornell, 1948) 63
Belle de Jour (Buñuel, 1967) 172, 181n32
Bely, Andrei 56
Benayoun, Robert 2, 5, 6, 12, 128, 136
as L’Âge du cinéma editor 84
as film critic for Positif 132, 149, 150, 1535, 162
French colonial war in Algeria opposed by 1323
on Henry James 1379, 143nn28–29
new wave criticised by 161
on the politique des auteurs 160
scant attention to films of 10
science fiction (SF) and 134, 140, 143n45
Benayoun, Robert, works of
‘Bilan du nouveau dessin animé’ [Consideration of Recent Animated Films] (1954) 153
Bonjour, Monsieur Lewis (1972) 155
‘Docteur Berman et monsieur Hyde’ [Doctor Bergman and Mr. Hyde] (1956) 155
‘Les Enfants du paradigme’ [Children of the Paradigm] 161, 162
Érotique du surréalisme (1965) 155
Paris n’existe pas (1969) 1314, 128, 1315
‘Remarks on Cinematic Oneirism’ 86
Sérieux comme le plaisir (1975) 133
‘Simple-Simon, ou l’anti-James Dean’ (1958) 155
‘La Somme d’un nuit d’hiver’ [The Sum of a Winter Night] 155
Benjamin, Walter 567, 58
Benoît, Jean 52
Bergman, Ingmar 9, 152, 155
Bergson, Henri 61
Berkeley Square (Balderston play, 1926) 128, 1312, 134, 137, 141n7
Berkeley Square (Lloyd film, 1933) 12831, 129, 132, 133, 139, 140, 141n10
Bertelli, Pino 109
Bertrand, Sergeant 52
Bicycle Thief, The (De Sica, 1948) 79
Bid Time Return (Matheson, 1975) 132, 134
‘Bilan du nouveau dessin animé’ [Consideration of Recent Animated Films] (Benayoun, 1954) 153
Bird Men of Burnley, The (Carrington, 1970) 197, Plate 8
Birthday (Tanning, 1942) 356
Bizarre (journal) 1523
black humour 79, 165
Carrington and 168, 175, 180
in The Holy Mountain 198
Black Hunter (Cornell, 1939) 64, Plate 2
Blair, Lindsay 68
Blake, William 213
Blin, Roger 49
Blind Summer (Effect of a Touch) (Ernst, 1934) 28
Bloko (Kyrou, 1964) 153
Blue Lobster, The [La langosta azul] (García Márquez and Cepeda Zamudio, 1954) 15
Bodomo,’ Frances 15
Bonjour, Monsieur Lewis (Benayoun, 1972) 155
Bonnet, Marguerite 141n5
Bonneuil, Christophe 212
Book of the Damned (Fort) 154
Boorman, John 156
Borde, Raymond 10, 14, 150, 153
Bordwell, David 6
Borges, Jorge Luis 138
Borowczyk, Walerian 9, 155
Bounoure, Vincent 45, 52
Bourgeois, Louise 25
Brahms, Caryl 141n10
Brakhage, Stan 64, 65, 66
Brauner, Victor, 135
Bresson, Robert, 149
Breton, André 1, 1113, 52, 116, 194
L’Âge du cinéma and 84
American friends of 25, 39n12
anthropocentrism and civilisation critiqued by 2089, 211, 212, 218
Berkeley Square and 128, 1301, 141nn4–5
on black humour 1667
‘Cinderella Ashtray’ of 54
on Cornell as American surrealist 55
debates with Bataille 8
Deren and 25, 28, 38, 40n43
on disruptive potential of cinema 2
Ernst’s collages and 94
on the fantastic and the real 79, 85
on film and correspondences 4
on Gothic novels 46, 130, 140, 142n27
on Great Transparents 211, 222
Jodorowsky and 196
Kaplan and 213
on ‘miserabilism’ 7, 158
on Morgan’s Romantic anthropology 43
in New York 24
opinion of Buñuel 801, 88
proposal for documentary on surrealism 10
‘savage’ art collected by 45, 47, 48
surrealism defined by 58, 64, 70
Breton, André, writings of
Arcanum 17 (1944) 378, 40n41, 215, 217, 220
L’Art magique (1957), 156
‘As in a Wood’ 2, 84, 149
‘Comme dans un bois’ (1951) 3
‘Le pont suspendu’ (1953) 135, 136
Mad Love (1937) 46, 131, 135, 141n5
Manifesto of Surrealism (1924) 136, 140
Nadja (1928) 136, 138, 139, 140, 157
‘Nonnational Boundaries of Surrealism’ (1937) 46, 130, 140, 141n4
‘Oceania’ (1948) 445
‘Picasso in His Element’ (1933) 210
‘Prolegomena to a Third Surrealist Manifesto or Not’ (1942) 211
Second Surrealist Manifesto (1929) 100, 208
Le Surréalisme et la peinture (1928) 33
‘On Surrealism in Its Living Works’ (1953) 222
Breton, Jacqueline 24, 25
Brook, Claudio 172
Brunius, Jacques-Bernard 9, 47, 52, 78, 80, 148
L’Âge du cinéma and 84, 85
as assistant director on L’Âge d’or 89n16
Berkeley Square and 128, 130, 141n3
En marge du cinéma français (1954) 85
‘Le Rêve, l’inconscient, le merveilleux’ [The Dream, the Unconscious, the Marvellous] 85
Positif and 150
Bruno, Jean 136
Buddhism 191, 193
Buñuel, Luis 5, 6, 10, 21
animals in films of 187, 20910, 214, 216
‘The Cinema, Instrument of Poetry’ (essay, 1950) 13, 7680, 88n3
as film actor 179
hiatus from surrealism after Aragon Affair 80
Positif and 151, 152, 155
surrealist credentials re-established 13
Buñuel, Luis, films of
Abismos de pasión (1953–54) 88
Belle de Jour (1967) 172, 181n32
The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz (1955) 88
Él (1953) 88
The Exterminating Angel [El ángel exterminador] (1962) 209
El gran calavera (1949) 87
Gran Casino (1946–47) 87
Land without Bread [Las Hurdes] (1933) 80, 83, 87, 89n15, 198
Nazarín (1958) 88
Los Olvidados (1950) 13, 803, 878, 89n5, 209
The Phantom of Liberty [Le Fantôme de la liberté] (1974) 210
Simon of the Desert [Simón del desierto] (1965) 187
That Obscure Object of Desire [Cet obscur objet du désir] (1977) 1334
Tristana (1970) 161
Viridiana (1961) 88
Bunyan, John 57
Burkhardt, Rudy 64
Burt, Jonathan 216
Bustillo Oro, Juan 176
Cabbage (Carrington, 1987) 168
Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, The (Wiene, 1920) 141n3
Cahiers du cinéma (film journal) 8–9, 14, 89n16, 149
evolutionary phases of 159, 1601
Positif contrasted with 1501, 15861
Caillois, Roger 9, 150, 210
Calas, Nicolas 37
Calder, Alexander 101
Callot, Jacques 102
Camacho, Jorge 10
camera obscura 63
Canada, surrealism in 6
Canavaggia, Marie 143n28
Cannes Film Festival 80, 82, 132, 193
Čapek, Karel and Josef 221
capitalism 7, 11011, 112, 187
Caribbean region, surrealism in 24, 25
Carrière, Jean-Claude 88
Carrington, Leonora 6, 14, 83, 175, 194
animals in works of 210, 216
attraction to surrealism 1678
collaborations in Mexican cinema projects 1789, 182n47
costumes and mise-en-scne for The Mansion of Madness 165, 172, 173, 1745, 176, 197
dépaysements (upheavals) in life of 167
esoteric arts and 188, 1967
Gurdjieff’s teachings and 191, 201n21
influence on The Holy Mountain 1967
in Mexico 24, 25, 167, 1701
Carrington, Leonora, works of 166
The Bird Men of Burnley (1970) 197, Plate 8
Cabbage (1987) 168
The Cockcrow (1946) 175
Down Below (1944) 167, 197
Escenografia para El rey se muere dirigido por Jodorowsky (c. 1968–71) 179
The Hearing Trumpet (1974) 167, 197, 201n21, 210, 217
The House of Fear (1938) 167, 169, 178
Hunt Breakfast (1956) 168
The Meal of Lord Candlestick (1938) 168
‘The Oval Lady’ (1937–38) 168, 178
Pastoral (1950) 168
Pénolope (1947) 168, 181n19, 197
Tarot card designs 196, 202n51
The Temptations of Dagobert (1945) 167
text for Glass exhibition (1971) 194, 202n44
Carrouges-Pastoureau affair 84
Castaneda, Carlos 192
Castle of Otranto, The (Walpole, 1764) 130, 140
Catholicism
Cahiers du cinéma and 150, 151, 160
Carrington and 167, 168, 175
Caygill, Howard 57
censorship 78, 119, 120
in Denmark 120, 121
in Mexico 188, 193
Centaure inoxydable, Le (Zimbacca, 1994) 52
Centuries of June (Cornell and Brakhage, 1955) 65
Cepeda Zamudio, Álvaro 15
Cervantes, Miguel de 83
Césaire, Aimé 24, 38
Césaire, Suzanne 24, 25
Chabrol, Claude 159
Chagall, Marc 25, 83
‘Chair des images, La’ [The Flesh of Images] (Král, 1981) 157
chance 23, 24, 83, 84, 169, 180
Cornell and chance encounters 67, 68, 70
Ernst’s collages and 100
time (temporality) and 131, 134, 135, 138
Chaplin, Charlie 1, 86, 161
Chardière, Bernard 150
Chaumeton, Etienne 153
Chautemps, Dominique 49
Chazal, Malcolm de 81
Cherry, Don 193
Chicago Surrealist Group 208
Chien andalou, Un (Buñuel and Dalí, 1929) 2, 38n4, 81, 141n3, 207
as avant-garde classic 10
dead animals in 210
The Holy Mountain and 187
mainstream film criticism and 147
poetry in cinema and 101
Childs, Bernard 134
Chile, surrealism in 6, 34
Chirico, Giorgio de 135, 168
Christiani, Rita 35
Christianity 47, 174, 187, 215, 222
Chronicle of Poor Lovers [Chronache di poveri amanti] (Lizzani, 1954) 150
chronophotography (‘photographs of time’) 63, 64, 97
Chukwu, Chinonye 15
Ciment, Michel 151, 158
cinema
advent of sound, 148
animism of 102, 105n63
‘auteur theory’ 159
collage and 93
commercialisation of 119
evolution of surrealism in 1920s and 147
as ideal vehicle for surrealism 135
Situationist views of 108, 109
‘Cinema, Instrument of Poetry, The’ (Buñuel, 1958) 13, 7680, 848, 88n3
Cinémathèque français (Paris) 2, 52, 83, 153, 213
Citizen Kane (Welles, 1941) 141n3
civilisation, revolt against 207, 208, 214, 21822
Fourier and 209, 212, 217, 221
Romanticism and 43
‘savage’ art/culture and 43, 44, 45, 47
clairvoyance 136
Clark, Anne 28, 30, 31
Clouzot, Henri-Georges 86, 102, 149
Cobb, Ben 189
Cockcrow, The (Carrington, 1946) 175
Cocteau, Jean 83, 86, 149, 187
Codex Borgia 49, 50
Cohen, Ira 200
collage 11, 84
Cornell and 13, 54, 579, 63, 64, 68
Ernst and 54, 92, 935
Lautréamont and 100
montage in relation to 100
in Une semaine de bonté 13, 92, 96100
colonialism 15, 45, 132, 193
comedy, film 2, 78, 151, 155, 156, 157
Cómicos (Bardem, 1954) 150
Comintern (Communist International) 80, 82
‘Comme dans un bois’ (Breton, 1951) 3
communism 43, 80, 82, 212
Communist Party, French (PCF) 80, 82, 151
Conspirators of Pleasure [Spikllenci slasti] (Švankmajer, 1996) 221
Coquille et le clergyman, La (Dulac, 1928) 2, 148, 187
Corkidi, Rafael 175, 193, 197
Cornell, Joseph 5, 6, 94, 148
boxes of, 54, 57, 59, 66, 69
Garden Center dossier 60
influences on 13
machines of vision and motion as paracinema 604
mood swings between melancholy and excitement 589
objects as techniques of extension 5760
playful cinema of glimpses 648
relationship to surrealism and symbolism 547, 6870
Cornell, Joseph, films of
Aviary (1955) 65, 667
Centuries of June (with Brakhage, 1955) 65
Gnir Rednow (1955) 65
A Legend for Fountains (1957) 13, 65, 667
Nymphlight (1957) 65, 66, 67
Rose Hobart (1936) 64, 657, 70, 72n76
Cornell, Joseph, non-film works of
Bébé Marie box (1940s) 66
Beehive (1948) 63
Black Hunter (1939) 64, Plate 2
Garden Center dossier 678
Glass Ball 55
Jouet surréaliste (c. 1932) 62, Plate 1
Man Shooting (c. 1930s) 63
Monsieur Phot (1933) 61, 64, 65
Object fenêtre (1937) 62
Object: Hotel Theatricals by the Grandson of Monsieur Phot Saturday Afternoons (1940) 64
Panorama (c. 1934) 62
Penny Arcade Portrait of Lauren Bacall (1946) 61
Sun boxes (1950s) 66
Toward the Blue Peninsula: For Emily Dickinson (c. 1953) 6970
Le Voyageur dans les glaces (c. 1934) 63
Corona Blake, Alfonso 176
correspondences, mechanism of 4, 38
counterculture 8, 188, 192, 193
crime 8, 94, 97, 100, 166, 178
Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz, The (Buñuel, 1955) 88
Crisis (documentary, 1939) 26
Crononauta (science-fiction magazine) 190
Cuevas, José Luis 179
cult films 6, 9, 186
cycloramas 63
Czechoslovakia, surrealism in 6, 26, 1567, 187, 219
Dada 6, 54, 136
daguerreotypes 63
Daïfis, Ion 84
Dalí, Salvador 10, 21, 148
Dancigers, Oscar 83, 87
Danesi, Fabien 109
Danish-French Experimental Film Company 117
Daughters of Darkness [Les Lèvres rouges] (Kümel, 1971) 9
Daumal, René 14, 18893, 195
Dax, Adrien 153
Debord, Guy 13, 110, 114, 122, 123n6, 123n27
Critique of Separation [Critique de la séparation] (1961) 117
In Girum Imus Nocte et Consumimur Igni (1978) 108
Hegelian Marxism of 111
hostility to cinema 108, 109
on negation of art 111
On the Passage of a Few People through a Rather Brief Moment in Time (1959) 117
Definitive Rejection of the Request for a Kiss,The [Det definitive afslag på anmodningen om et kys] (Freddie, 1949) 120
Delerue, Georges 95
Delvaux, André 9
Delvaux, Paul 97
Deneuve, Catherine 172
Denmark 6, 12, 11112, 113, 119
Deren, Maya 5, 6, 66, 180
Haitian vodou as interest of 21, 23, 267, 30, 38
in Los Angeles 2930
in New York 21, 22, 23, 25, 40n36
relationship to surrealism 12, 21, 227
‘Religious Possession in Dancing’ (1942) 234
‘trance films’ of 21, 34
Deren, Maya, films of
At Land (1944) 21, 22, 34, 37, 40n37, 40n43
Meshes of the Afternoon (with Hammid, 1943) 21, 22, 26
Ritual in Transfigured Time (1945–46) 21, 22, 31, 34, 36, 36
A Study in Choreography for Camera (1945) 21
Witch’s Cradle (1943) 12, 22, 2734, 27, 39n21, 39n26
desire 1, 13, 177
advertising and 59
cinematic motion and 61
commodification of 112
Fourier’s utopian vision and 209
non-normative 217
Desnos, Robert 1001, 147
Desperate Hours, The (Wyler, 1955) 152
Destructive Invention (Felguérez, 1964) 199
Desvilles, Jean 6, 92, 95, 104n33
goals in making Une semaine de bonté 1012
Picasso, romancero du picador (1961) 103, 106n71
Detective Story (Wyler, 1951) 77, 86
‘Deux ou trois choses que je sais de l’absolu’ [A Thing or Two I Know about the Absolute] (Legrand, 1991) 156
Devětsil movement (Czechoslovakia) 26
Dickinson, Emily 56, 6970
Discourse on the Origins of Inequality (Rousseau, 1755) 43
Disney, Walt 100, 149
‘Docteur Berman et monsieur Hyde’ [Doctor Bergman and Mr. Hyde] (Benayoun, 1956) 155
documentary 10, 11, 26, 52, 148
Cornell and 66
Deren and 32
Desvilles and 101, 105n58
Italian neorealism and 87
Kaplan’s art documentaries 213
in L’Invention du monde 12, 43, 47
Scandinavian Situationists and 117
Documents (journal) 8, 30, 100, 151
Doniol-Valcroze, Jacques 150
Doré, Gustave 93
Down Below (Carrington, 1944) 167, 197
Do You Want Success? (Thorsen, 1963) 118
Drakabygget movement 13, 108, 122
cinematic projects of 11622, 118, 119
media attention and scandal 11314
dreams 1, 58, 82
cinema and 78, 85, 88
Deren’s films and 21
Ernst’s collage novels and 94
surrealism’s relation to 100
time travel through 135, 140
Dreams that Money Can Buy (Richter, 1947) 94, 100, 101, 105n61
drugs, narcotic and psychedelic 135, 139, 18993, 202n23
Dubuffet, Jean 117
Duca, Lo 150
Ducasse, Maxime 84
Duchamp, Marcel 12, 38n4, 101
Deren and 25, 38, 40n43
Deren’s Witch’s Cradle and 28, 29, 30, 31
in New York 24, 29
readymades 54
relationship to surrealism 29
Waldberg collaboration with 334
Duchamp, Marcel, works of
Anémic Cinéma (1925) 102
With Hidden Noise (1916) 29
Mile of String (1942) 12, 30
3 Standard Stoppages (1913–14) 29
Duits, Charles 25, 39n12, 40n30
Dulac, Germaine 2, 1478, 187
du Maurier, Daphne 142n26
du Maurier, George 134, 136, 142n26
Dunne, J. W. 134, 135, 139, 142n15
Duo Concertantes (Jordan, 1962–64) 95
Durán, José 196
Dürer, Albrecht 57, 67
Duvivier, Éric 94
Duvivier, Julien 109
Dyn (journal) 37
East of Borneo (Medford, 1931) 65
Eaten Horizons [Spiste horisonter] (Freddie, 1950) 120
Eburne, Jonathan 178, 193
L’Écart absolu exhibition (1965) 10, 52, 209
Echeverría, Luis 193
ecocriticism 14
ecology 8, 37, 210, 211, 212
L’Eden et après (Robbe-Grillet, 1970) 133
editing, film 4, 166
in Cornell’s collage films 64, 68
Deren and 37
in L’Invention du monde 47
in Une semaine de bonté 100
Effenberger, Vratislav 219
Efímero de San Carlos (Jodorowsky, 1963) 200
Egyptian Box (Glass, 1971) 194
Einstein, Albert 135
Einstein, Carl 101
Ekk, Nikolai 89n9
Él (Buñuel, 1953) 88
Elde, Ansgar 113
Eliot, George 136
Eliot, Thérèse 49
Ellen Sherman 171
Emak-Bakia (Ray, 1926) 2
Emeke, Cecile 15
Emmer, Luciano 102
emotions 58, 60, 78, 85
‘Enfants du paradigme, Les’ [Children of the Paradigm] (Benayoun) 161, 162
Engels, Friedrich 43, 7980, 88n3
England, surrealism in 6
En marge du cinéma français (Brunius, 1954) 85
Enquire within (Glass, 1971) 194, 195, Plate 5
Epstein, Jean 76, 102
Equipe Arcady 95
Ernst, Max 5, 40n43, 99, 1013, 175
as actor in L’Âge d’or 100
animals and nature in art of 210
Blind Summer (Effect of a Touch) (1934) 28
collages of 54, 92, 935, 101, 102, 169
Deren’s Witch’s Cradle and 28
La femme 100 têtes (1929) 94, 100, 1023
in New York 24
role in Desvilles’s film adaptation of Une semaine de bonté 95
EROS international exhibition (1959–60) 84
eroticism 33, 155, 200
in Cornell’s works 13
in Deren’s Ritual in Transfigured Time 36
in Kaplan’s films 214, 217
in The Mansion of Madness 165, 174, 177
see also sexuality
Érotique du surréalisme (Benayoun, 1965) 155
Escenografia para El rey se muere dirigido por Jodorowsky (Carrington, c.1968–71) 179
Estivals, Robert 123n6
ethnography 21, 26, 32
L’Étoile de mer (Ray, 1928) 147
existentialism 151
Exit the King (Ionesco, 1962) 179
experimental films 10, 15, 26
of Deren, 21
The Holy Mountain and 186
Situationist views of 108
surrealism as context for 22
Experiment with Time, An (Dunne, 1927) 134, 135
exploitation films 9
Exposición Internacional Surrealista (Santiago de Chile, 1948) 34, 35
Exposition inteRnatiOnale du Surréalisme (Paris, 1959) 173
Exposition surréaliste d’objets (1936) 54
expressionism 57
Exterminating Angel, The [El ángel exterminador] (Buñuel, 1962) 209
extra-sensory perception 136
L’Extricable (Borde, 1963) 153
Fábulas pánicas, Las (Jodorowsky, weekly comic strip, 1967–73) 190
Facteur Cheval 153
Fando y Lis (Jodorowsky, 1968) 188
Fanny and Alexander (Bergman, 1982) 155
Fantômas series (Feuillade) 1, 180
fascism 2, 7, 46, 158, 223
Fazakerley, Gordon 113
Feidelson, Charles, Jr. 556, 57
Felguérez, Manuel 188, 190, 199200
Fellini, Federico 109
femininity 215
feminism 15, 178
Femme 100 têtes, La (Duvivier film, 1967) 94, 104n20
Femme 100 têtes, La (Ernst collage novel, 1929) 94, 100, 1023
femme-enfants 165, 171
Fernández, Luis 135
Ferry, Jean 9, 84, 150, 152
Festin, Le [Cannibal Feast; Spring Banquet] (Oppenheim, 1959) 1723
Feuillade, Louis 1, 151, 157, 180
Fiancée du pirate, La (Kaplan, 1969) 207, 213, 21317, 215
Fields, W. C. 80, 81, 86, 155
Fijałkowski, Krzysztof 12
Fille de Rappaccini, La (Poesía en Voz Alta, 1956) 179
film criticism 6, 9, 14, 147, 148, 151, 158
see also Positif
film culture 46, 13, 15, 76, 147
film history 4, 8, 9, 10, 15, 23
Film History (Thompson and Bordwell) 67
film noir 9, 151
film theory 4, 9, 23
Fils de l’homme, Le (Magritte, 1964) 203n66
Fini, Leonor 171
First Papers of Surrealism exhibition (New York, 1942) 25, 29
Five from Barska [Piatka z ulicy Barskiej] (Ford, 1954) 150
Flat, The [Byt] (Švankmajer, 1968) 219
Flaubert, Gustave 136
Fondane, Benjamin 148
‘For a Violent Cinema’ (Paranagua, 1967) 157
Forcada, Ana 87, 88
Ford, Aleksandr 150
Fort, Charles 154
Fotorama (Thorsen, 1960–64) 118, 118
found footage 94, 118, 209
Fourier, Charles
Breton’s rediscovery of 2089, 212
James (Henry, Sr.) and 137
Kaplan and 214, 217
Švankmajer and 218, 2201
The Theory of the Four Movements (1808) 209, 21718
Fourré, Maurice 84
France
colonialism of 7
New Realism in 101
post-war cultural environment in 151
spiritualism in 136
surrealism in 6, 12, 187
Frangipane, Ronald 193
Franju, Georges 9, 52, 95
Frazer, James 24
Freddie, Wilhelm 6, 13, 108, 109
films of 1201
legal prosecutions of 115, 116, 124n28
French Revolution 46
Fressoz, Jean-Baptiste 212
Freud, Sigmund 139, 222
Freudianism 23
Friedeberg, Pedro 194, 202n42
‘Friends of the Friends,The’ [‘The Way It Came’] (James, 1896/1909) 137, 138, 139
Fuentes, Carlos 182n47
Fuentes, Fernando de 176
Fuller, Loie 634
Furtenagel, Lukas 99
Gadamer, Georg 65
Gadegaard, Paul 118
Gainsbourg, Serge 14, 134
Galdós, Benito Pérez 83
Galería Dédalo (Santiago de Chile) 34
Galería Pecanins (Mexico City) 194
Galerie de Montréal (Canada) 194
Galerie du Dragon (Paris) 134
Galerie Le Terrain Vague (Paris) 194
Gallery Bugs Bunny (Chicago) 10
Gance, Abel 213
García Lorca, Federico 66
García Márquez, Gabriel 15, 179
García Terrés, J.G.T. Jaime 767, 88n3
Gee, Felicity 14, 197
Geis, Terri 378
Gelsen Gas 200
gender 8, 165
Germany 6, 11415, 116, 117
Ghost of the Convent, The [El fantasma del convent] (Fuentes, 1934) 176
Ghosts of Berkeley Square, The (Sewell, 1947) 141n10
Giacometti, Alberto 28
The Invisible Object (1934), 131
Woman with Her Throat Cut (1932) 28, 30
Glass, Alan 6, 14, 188, 1936
Egyptian Box (1971) 194
Enquire within (1971) 194, 195, Plate 5
Hôtel du Grand Laboureur (1971) 195
Sin título (1971) Plate 6, 199
Gnir Rednow (Cornell, 1955) 65
Godard, Jean-Luc 109, 159
Goeritz, Mathias 199
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 56
Golden Bough (Frazer) 24
Goldfayn, Georges 2, 10, 84, 86, 101, 149, 150
Gothic novels 46, 130, 140, 142n27, 181n32
asylum trope in 1667
The Mansion of Madness and 180
Goudal, Jean 1, 12
Goya, Francisco 83, 102
Gracq, Julien 81
Gran calavera, El (Buñuel, 1949) 87
Gran Casino (Buñuel, 1946–47) 87
Grand Jeu, Le [The Great Game] (journal, 1928–30) 189, 190
Greene, Doyle 176
Griffith, D. W. 149
Guernica (Resnais, 1949) 102
Guggenheim, Peggy 24, 25, 28, 33, 105n61
Gunning, Tom 13
Gurdjieff, G. I. 191, 196, 201n21, 202n24
Gustave Moreau (Kaplan, 1961) 213
Haesaerts, Paul 102
Haiti 26, 43
Breton’s visit to 45, 52n7
Deren’s interest in Haitian vodou 21, 23, 267, 30, 38
vodou in L’Invention du monde 48
Halliwell, Leslie 132
Hamer, Robert 86
Hammid, Alexander (Alexandr Hackenschmied) 21, 26
Aimless Walk [Bezúčelná procházka] (1930) 26
Hammond, Paul 13, 87, 147, 150
Hansel, Arthur 169
Harispe, Daniel 95
Harrington, Curtis 66
Hartigan, Lynda 59, 65
Has, Wojciech 9
Hauptman, Jodi 612, 63
‘Haute fréquence’ (Breton, Péret, Paz, Ray, 1951) 84
Hawthorne, Nathaniel 556, 57, 689
Hearing Trumpet, The (Carrington, 1974) 167, 197, 201n21, 210, 217
Hegel, G.W.F. 11, 45, 156
Heisler, Jindřich 10, 84
Heisler, Stuart 152
Hell in the Pacific (Boorman, 1968) 156
Henry, Maurice 80
High Sierra (Walsh, 1941) 152
Historia Naturae, Suita (Švankmajer, 1967) 219
Hitchcock, Alfred 15
Hobart, Rose 66
Hoffman, Abbie 123n27
Hollywood 9, 62, 158, 160
Holt, Niels 120
Holy Mountain, The [La montaña sagrada] (Jodorowsky, 1973) 9, 14
Alchemist theatre and 188, 198200
esoteric arts and 1967, Plate 7
Glass’s assemblages and 1936
influence of Daumal and Artaud in 18893
Jodorowsky as the Alchemist 189
Mexican student movement and 188
psychotropic drugs in 1923
relationship to surrealism 1868, 191, 2001
Honig, Edwin 57
Hoog, Armand 46
Hopi Kachina dolls 45, 47, 48
horror films 9, 151, 176
Hôtel du Grand Laboureur (Glass, 1971) 195
House of Fear, The (Carrington, 1938) 167, 169, 178
House on the Strand, The (du Maurier, 1969) 142n26
Hoving, Kirsten 59
Howard, Leslie 128, 129, 132
Huelsenbeck, Richard 101
humour 132, 148, 166, 174, 200
see also black humour
Hunt Breakfast (Carrington, 1956) 168
Huston, John 152, 155
Huysmans, J. K. 55
I Am Legend (Lawrence film, 2007) 132
I Am Legend (Matheson novel, 1954) 132, 141n7
Ibañez, Juan 182n47
Ichazo, Óscar, 191 202n23
identity 1, 192
animals and 216
in Deren’s films 12, 21, 37, 38
Gothic novel and 140
graffiti messages and 66
I Died a Thousand Times (Heisler, 1955) 152
I’ll Never Forget You [The House in the Square] (Baker, 1951) 132, Plate 3
Imamura, Shohei 15
Incredible Shrinking Man, The (Matheson, 1956/57) 132
indigenous cultures 1213, 43, 445
In Girum Imus Nocte et Consumimur Igni (Debord, 1978) 108
Insect [Hmyz] (Švankmajer, 2018) 207, 218, 2213, Plates 10 and 11
Insect Play, The (Čapek brothers, 1922) 221
International Surrealist Exhibition
London (1936) 130, 141nn4–5
Paris (1938) 31
Paris (1947) 33, 34
São Paulo (1967) 157
L’Invention du monde (Zimbacca and Bédouin, 1952) 12, 4352, 44, 46, 84
Paris Cinémathèque presentation of 51, 52
Péret’s commentary for 43, 49, 50
Quetzalcoatl (Aztec Feathered Serpent) myth in 48, 49, 50
‘savage’ culture as universal human spirit 47
Invisible Object, The (Giacometti, 1934) 131
Ionesco, Eugène 179
Isaac, Alberto 178
Jacobs, Ken 64
James, Alice 136
James, Edward 172, 173
James, Henry 134, 13640
James, William 136, 143n29
Japan, surrealism in 187
Japanese cinema 15
Jařab, David 9
Jarman, Derek, 15
Jarry, Alfred 213
jazz 65, 117, 162, 194
Je t’aime je t’aime (Resnais, 1968) 133, 142n13
Jodorowsky, Alejandro 5, 6, 168, 179
Carrington and 1967
Glass and 194, 195
Panique movement and 186, 187, 188, 190, 198
relationship to surrealism 1868, 189, 195
Jodorowsky, Alejandro, works/activities of
Aníbal 5 [science-fiction comic] (1966) 190
Anticlímax (with Gelsen Gas, 1969/70) 200
Efímero de San Carlos (1963) 200
Las Fábulas pánicas (weekly comic strip, 1967–73) 190
Fando y Lis (1968) 188
¡1, 2, 3, 4, 5 a Go-Go! (TV programme, 1968) 188
Sacramental Melodrama (1965) 199
The Severed Heads (The Tie) [Les Têtes interverties (La Cravate)] (1957) 190
El Topo (1970) 9
Jodorowsky, Raquel 200
John, Ole 117
John of the Cross, St. 190
‘Jolly Corner, The’ (James, 1908) 1389
Jones, Chuck 155
Jordan, Larry 95
Jorn, Asger 117, 123n16
Joubert, Alain 150, 154
Jouet surréaliste (Cornell, c. 1932) 62, Plate 1
Joyce, James 56
Judex (Franju, 1963) 95
Kafka, Franz 56, 219
kaleidoscope 63
Kaplan, Georges 84
Kaplan, Nelly 5, 14, 208, 209, 21213
human–animal relations and 210, 223
on patriarchal oppression 214
scant attention to films of 10
Kaplan, Nelly, films of
À la source, la femme aimée (1965) 213
La Fiancée du pirate (1969) 207, 21317, 215
Gustave Moreau (1961) 213
Néa (1976) 207, 21417, Plate 9
Plaisir d’amour (1991) 213
Le Regard Picasso (1967) 213
Kaprow, Allan 101
Kast, Pierre 102
Kazan, Elia 149
Keaton, Buster 86, 132, 141n3, 155
Keller, Sarah 28
Kiesler, Frederick 31, 34, 102, 105n61
King Kong (Cooper and Schoedsack, 1933) 149
Kinugasa, Teinosuke 180n2
Klein, William 119
Klein, Yves 199
Král, Petr 14, 150, 1567, 162
Kümel, Harry 9
Kunzelmann, Dieter 115
Kuri, Yōji 119
Kyrou, Adonis (Ado) 2, 9, 10, 12, 156
as L’Âge du cinéma publisher 84
Amour, érotisme et cinéma (1957) 152
Bizarre journal founded by 1523
as film critic for Positif 1501, 162
Luis Buñuel (1962) 88n3, 89n17
Manuel du parfait petit spectateur (1957) 152
‘La Science et la fiction’ [Science and Fiction] (1957) 152
Le Surréalisme au cinéma (1953) 11, 23, 89n17, 151, 152, 213
Kyrou, Adonis (Ado), films of
Bloko (1964) 153
The Monk [Le Moine] (1972) 9, 89n17, 153, 182n32
Le Palais idéal (1958) 153
Labyrinth of Solitude, The (Paz, 1950) 83
Laclos, Michel 152
LaCoss, Donald 212
Laforgue, Jules 55
Laloux, René 9
Lam, Wifredo 4, 5, 24
Lamantia, Philip 40n37
Lamarr, Hedy 65
Lambert, Jean-Clarence 84
Land without Bread [Las Hurdes] (Buñuel, 1933) 80, 83, 87, 89n15, 198
Lang, Fritz 156
Langdon, Harry 86
Langlois, Henri 52, 83, 153
Last Year in Marienbad (Resnais, 1961) 141n3
Lautréamont, Comte de (Isidore Ducasse) 100, 160, 213
Lawrence, Francis 132
Lebel, Robert 24
Lecomte, Francis 52
Leduc, Richard 133, 135
‘Left-Bank’ film-makers 160
Legend for Fountains, A (Cornell, 1957) 13, 65, 667
Léger, Fernand 101
Legrand, Gérard 2, 14, 128
L’Âge du cinéma and 84, 86
‘Deux ou trois choses que je sais de l’absolu’ [A Thing or Two I Know about the Absolute] (1991) 156
as film critic for Positif 149, 150, 1556, 162
Préface au Système de l’éternité (1971) 156
Lehrman, Robert 6970
Leiris, Michel 30, 103
Lemaître, Henri 102
Lennon, John 187
Leonora Carrington (Tate Liverpool exhibition, 2016) 168, 181n20
Leroux, Gaston 152
Lester, Richard 155
Leszczynski, Witold 119
Leth, Jørgen 117
Levin, Thomas 109
Lévi-Strauss, Claude 47
Levitt, Helen 32, 40n34, 66
Levy, Julien 24, 40n43, 54, 55, 61
Lewis, Jerry 86, 132, 155
Lewis, Matthew 153, 181n32
Liberté sur parole (Paz) 84
Litherland, Gina 217
Lizzani, Carlo 150
Lloyd, Frank 128
Lorre, Peter 142n10
Losey, Joseph 156
Losfeld, Eric 85, 137, 194
love 1, 66, 139, 150, 152
lesbian, 217
as pursuit of the self 139
time travel and 129, 130, 131, 138
unendurable reality and 101
Lowenstein, Adam 72n76
Löwy, Michael 12
Loy, Mina 68
Luis Buñuel (Kyrou, 1962) 88n3, 89n17
Luis Buñuel: Biografía crítica (Aranda) 76
Lukács, George 111
Lunacy [Šileni] (Švankmajer, 2005) 207, 220, 221
Lunatics in Power (Edison Studios, 1909) 166
Lynch, David 15
Mabille, Pierre 24, 30, 135, 137, 170
Mad Love (Breton, 1937) 46, 131, 135, 141n5
Mad Love (Freund, 1935) 142n10
‘Madonna of the Future, The’ (James, 1873–75) 138
magic 7, 8, 10, 34, 212
art and 156, 208
chance and 24
Cornell on white and black magic 55
Cornell’s boxes and 59
in Deren’s films 21, 39n26
in Freddie’s films 120
nature and 212, 215
‘psychomagic’ of Jodorowsky 189
space/time frameworks and 37, 40n40
magic lanterns 63, 93
Magic Mountain, The [Der Zauberberg] (Mann, 1924) 190
magic realism 15
Magnus, Carl 121
Magritte, René 10, 203n66
Mahon, Alyce 7, 172
Maillet, Arnaud 13
Malinowski, Bronisław 234
Mallarmé, Stéphane 26, 55
Malraux, André 102, 153
Man and Time (Priestley, 1964) 142n15
Mandiargues, André Pieyre de 94, 150, 171, 213
Mandrágora surrealist group (Chile) 34
Manifesto of Surrealism (Breton, 1924) 136, 140
Manifesto of the 121 (1960) 45, 1323
Mann, Thomas 190
‘Man of the Crowd, The’ (Poe) 56
Man on a Green Island (Onslow Ford, 1939) 30
Man Shooting (Cornell, c. 1930s) 63
Mansion of Madness, The [La mansión de la locura] (Moctezuma, 1973) 14, 168, 177, 181n30
Carrington’s costume and set designs for 165, 172, 173, 1745, 176, 197
desire staged through the female body 1726
eroticism and madness in 1778, 179
film genres and 1767
Gothic castle and forest locale 16971, 171
Jodorowsky’s The Holy Mountain and 197
Poe and Carrington blended in 1689
Manuel du parfait petit spectateur (Kyrou, 1957) 152
Maoism 159, 161
Marble Is Eaten Cold (Král, 2010) 157
Marey, Étienne-Jules 63, 64, 93, 97
Mariën, Marcel 9
Markale, Jean 150
Marker, Chris 9, 119, 160
Maruni, Novi 120
marvellous, the 59, 101
Breton’s definition of surrealism and 58
Deren and 34
The Mansion of Madness and 179
‘savage’ culture and 45
Marvelous Freedom, Vigilance of Desire (exhibition, 1976) 10
Marx, Karl 43
Marx Brothers 132, 148, 155
Marxism 110, 111, 114, 122
Masson, André 24, 210, 213
mathematics 37
Matheson, Richard 132, 134, 139
Matta, Roberto 24, 28, 30, 37
Matthews, J. H. 135
McAra, Catriona 1734
Mead, Margaret 40n32
Meal of Lord Candlestick, The (Carrington, 1938) 168
Medford, George 65
Medina, Cuauhtémoc 191
Médium: Communication surréaliste (journal) 135, 138, 143n28
medium specificity 11
Mekas, Jonas 119
Méliès, Georges 151, 213
Melly, George 10
Melville, Herman 56, 57
Mertz, Albert 117
Meshes of the Afternoon (Deren and Hammid, 1943) 21, 22, 26
metamorphosis 21
‘Metamorphosis, The’ (Kafka, 1915) 2212
Mexico
los grupos (groups) movement 203n63
Guerra Sucia [dirty war] (1960s–70s) 188, 193, 199
Mexican Revolution 182n43
Muralism 186
la Onda (counterculture) 188, 192, 193
PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) 188, 193
Tarahumara tribe 192
Mexico, surrealism in 6, 12, 24, 187
Aztec myths/deities and 49, 83, 84
Carrington and Mexican film 14, 1789, 182n47
indigenous cultures of Mexico 45
Paalen’s Dyn journal 37
women surrealists 25, 167
Michaux, Henri, 10
Michelet, Jules 21415
Michelson, Annette 601, 64
midnight movies 9
Mile of String (Duchamp, 1942) 12, 30
Milestone, Lewis 14950
Miller, Henry 115, 116, 124n28, 124n36
Miller, Suzanne 66, 67
‘Mimicry and Legendary Psychasthenia’ (Caillois, 1935) 210
Minotaure (journal) 55, 210
Miracle in Milan (De Sica, 1946) 87
mise-en-scène 162
in Duvivier’s Femme 100 têtes 94
for The Mansion of Madness 165, 174
nouvelle vague (new wave) and 1601
‘miserablism’ 7, 158
Mitrani, Nora 2
Mizoguchi, Kenji 156
Moby Dick (Melville) 56
Moctezuma, Juan López 6, 170, 177, 179, 197
modernism 11, 567, 122
modernity 207, 212
capitalist 43
cinema as premier medium of 4
mystery fused with 1
Modot, Gaston 49
Molinier, Pierre 10, 153
Mondrian, Piet 25
Monk, The [Le Moine] (Kyrou film, 1972) 9, 89n17, 153, 182n32
Monk, The (Lewis novel, 1796) 153, 181n32
Monnerot, Jules 37
Monsieur Phot (Cornell, 1933) 61, 64, 65
Monsivais, Carlos 179
montage 4, 50, 64, 93
collage in relation to 100
in The Holy Mountain 195
in Une semaine de bonté 96100
in Thorsen films 118
Mont Analogue, Le (Daumal, 1952) 14
Monty Python 155
Moreau, Gustave 213
Morgan, Lewis 43
Moritz, Karl 56
Morley, Robert 141n10
Morton, Timothy 211, 218
Mount Analogue [Le Mont Analogue] (Daumal, 1940–44, unfinished) 189, 190, 191
Murnau, F. W. 149, 170, 180
Musée de L’Homme (Paris) 47, 49
Museum of Modern Art (New York) 32, 54, 55
Musmanno, Justice Michel 115
Mutoscope 62
Myers, F.W.H. 142n27, 143n29
My Last Sigh (Buñuel memoir, 1982) 181n32
Mystères du château du dé (Ray, 1929) 89n15
mystery 4, 778, 79, 86, 167
myth 7, 8, 34, 211, 218
as alternative to power of religion 46
critique of civilisation and 212, 220
Deren and 267, 348
fascism and 46
as pre-modernist theme 24
utopia and 49
Nadja (Breton, 1928) 136, 138, 139, 140, 157
Naranjo, Claudio 191
Nash, Jørgen 108, 109, 111, 122
Aus Westdeutschland Nicht Neues [All Quiet on the West German Front] (with Thorsen and SPUR, uncompleted) 117
cinematic projects of 11621, 124n43
defence of art 112
excluded from Situationist International 110
Freddie’s surrealism and 116, 1212, 124n32
media pranks and interventions of 114, 123n27
on Situationist theory and creativity 111
So ein Ding muss ich auch haben [Such a Thing I Also Need] (with Mertz and SPUR, 1961) 117
SPUR trial and 115
nature 24, 47, 50, 137, 143n29, 171, 217
agency and creativity of 210
Christian view of 215
culture and 69
exploitation of 207, 208, 220
human exceptionalism and 209
magic and 45, 212, 215
Nazarín (Buñuel, 1958) 88
Ndiaye, Doudou 49
Néa (Kaplan, 1976) 207, 21417, Plate 9
Nef, La (magazine) 80, 81
neorealism, Italian 789, 80, 85, 87, 88
Nerval, Gérard de 55
New Realism (Nouveau Réalisme) 101, 134
new wave (Nouvelle Vague), French 9, 14, 159, 1601
New York
Cornell in 61
Deren in 21, 22, 23, 25, 40n36
Duchamp in 29
Museum of Modern Art 32, 54, 55
surrealists in exile in 6, 24
Neyra/Neira, Antonio 196
Nezval, Vitěslav 26
Ni d’Eve ni d’Adam (Zimbacca, 1968) 52
Night of the Living Dead (Romero, 1968) 153
Nin, Anaïs 35, 36
Noble, Judith 30
Noheden, Kristoffer 14
non-human studies 14
No Nightingales (Brahms and Simon, 1944) 141n10
‘Nonnational Boundaries of Surrealism’ (Breton, 1937) 46, 130, 140, 141n4
Nosferatu: A Symphony of Horror [Nosferatu: eine Symphonie des Grauens] (Murnau, 1922) 170
nostalgia 55, 59
Nuit du Rose-Hôtel, La (Fourré) 84
Nymphlight (Cornell, 1957) 65, 66, 67
Obayashi, Nobuhiko 15
Object fenêtre (Cornell, 1937) 62
Object: Hotel Theatricals by the Grandson of Monsieur Phot Saturday Afternoons (Cornell, 1940) 64
‘Objects of Joseph Cornell, The’ (Julien Levy Gallery, 1932) 54
occult, the 24, 212
‘Oceania’ (Breton, 1948) 445
L’Œil du peinture’ (Mabille, 1939) 135, 137
‘L’Œil spectral’ (Benayoun, 1954) 137
Okinawa (Milestone, 1951) 150
Olvidados, Los (Buñuel, 1950) 13, 803, 878, 89n5, 150, 209
Omega Man, The (Sagal, 1971) 132
On a Clear Day You Can See Forever (stage musical, 1965) 132
On Poets and Others (Paz, 1967) 76
Onslow Ford, Gordon 24, 30, 37
‘On Surrealism in Its Living Works’ (Breton, 1953) 222
On the Passage of a Few People through a Rather Brief Moment in Time [Sur le passage de quelques personnes à travers une assez courte unité de temps] (Debord, 1959) 117
Oppenheim, Meret 29, 54, 1723
Origin of Family, State and Private Property, The (Engels, 1884) 43
Orphic Trilogy (Cocteau, 1930–59) 187
Ouspensky, P. D. 202n24
‘Oval Lady, The’ (Carrington, 1937–38) 168, 178
OWI (Office of War Information, US) 34
Owusu, Adoma 15
Paalen, Wolfgang 24, 37, 83
Page of Madness, A [Kurutta ippéji] (Kinugasa, 1926) 1801n2
Painlevé, Jean 10, 210
Painter Hans Burgkmair and His Wife Anna, The (Furtenagel, 1529) 99
Paisan [Paisà] (Rossellini, 1946) 87
Palais idéal, Le (Kyrou, 1958) 153
Panic in the Streets (Kazan, 1950) 149
Panique (Grupo Pánico) movement 186, 187, 190, 198200
Panorama (Cornell, c. 1934) 62
Panorama of American Film Noir (Borde and Chaumeton, 1955) 153
paracinema 9, 64
Paranagua, Paolo de 14, 150, 1578
parapsychology 136
Parinaud, André 80
Paris n’existe pas (Benayoun, 1969) 128, 142n13, Plate 4
science fiction influence on 1314
‘second sight’ movies and 1315
writings of Henry James and 136, 138, 139
Paris surrealist group 12, 23, 43, 52, 166
cinephiles in 2
flight from Nazi Occupation 24
Parkinson, Gavin 13, 190
Parole est á Péret, La [Péret has the word] (Péret, 1943) 49
Pastoral (Carrington, 1950) 168
patriarchy 15, 178, 214, 218
Paysage bordelais (Fernández, c. 1951) 135
Paz, Octavio 13, 77, 80
L’Âge du cinéma and 84
introduction to surrealists in Mexico 83
The Labyrinth of Solitude (1950) 83
Liberté sur parole 84
Los Olvidados and 823
on poetry in cinema 101
On Poets and Others (1967) 76
as POUM sympathiser 80
Peckinpah, Sam 155
Peele, Jordan 15
Peire, Luc 200
Penny Arcade Portrait of Lauren Bacall (Cornell, 1946) 61
Pénélope (Carrington, 1947) 168, 181n19, 197
Peredo Castro, Francisco 168, 197
Péret, Benjamin 2, 12, 45, 51, 154, 194
L’Âge du cinéma and 149
Buñuel and 86, 89n18
commentary for Zimbacca’s L’Invention du monde 43, 49, 50
‘Against Commercial Cinema’ 86
‘primitive’ art/myths and 46, 47, 49
wartime exile in Mexico 24, 83
Peter Ibbetson (Du Maurier novel, 1891) 134
Peter Ibbetson (Hathaway film, 1935) 130, 132, 139, 141nn2–3
Peterson, Oscar 162
Pevsner, Antoine 30
Phantom of Liberty, The [Le Fantôme de la liberté] (Buñuel, 1974) 210
Phantom of the Opera, The (Leroux, 1909) 152
phenakistiscope 62
philosophy 8, 162
photography 26, 156
physics 37
Picasso, Pablo 83, 102, 103, 161, 213
Picasso, romancero du picador (Desvilles, 1961) 103, 106n71
‘Picasso in His Element’ (Breton, 1933) 210
Pierre, José 150
Piggot, Michael 65
Pilgrim’s Progress (Bunyan) 57
Plaisir d’amour (Kaplan, 1991) 213
planetariums 63
play 21, 65
art as expression of 112
in Deren’s films 267, 32
ethnography of 32
Poe, Edgar Allan 14, 56, 57, 161, 165, 170
Poesía en Voz Alta (theatrical group) 179
Poésie moderne et le sacré, La (Monnerot, 1945) 37
Poetism 26
poetry 1, 37, 66, 162, 211
Buñuel on cinema and poetry 7688
democratisation of 160
of Dickinson 69
as essence of cinema 148
as most important art form 11
of Paz 84
Symbolist 26
Pollock, Jackson 25
‘Pont suspendu, Le’ (Breton, 1953) 135, 136
Pop Art 55, 101
pornography 9, 121, 122
Pornoshop (Thorsen, Maruni, and Holt, 1965) 120, 124n42
Portrait of Apollinaire (Chirico, 1914) 135
Positif (film journal) 89, 14, 162, 213
Benayoun and 132, 149, 1503
Cahiers du cinéma contrasted with 1501, 15861
cover (issue 12, 1954) 154
Král and 1567
Legrand and 149, 150, 1556
Paranagua and 1578
post-structuralism 159
POUM [Workers Party of Marxist Unification] (Spain) 82
Power, Tyrone 132, Plate 3
Prague, surrealism and avant-garde in 26, 52, 156, 218, 219
‘Praying Mantis, The’ (Caillois, 1934) 210
Préface au Système de l’éternité (Legrand, 1971) 156
Prem, Heinrad 115
Preminger, Otto 156
Prévert, Jacques 83
Priestley, J. B. 142n15
‘primitive’ cultures 456, 501
‘Prolegomena to a Third Surrealist Manifesto or Not’ (Breton, 1942) 211
psychoanalysis 23, 191
Pure Soul, A (Fuentes) 182n47
Quevedo, Francisco de 83
Quezada, Abel 179
Quiet Days in Clichy (Miller) 118
Quiet Days in Clichy (Thorsen, 1969) 118
Quiet Week in the House, A [Tichý týden v dome] (Švankmajer, 1969) 219
racism 15
Rahon, Alice 10, 24
Rammel, Hal 217
Rasmussen, Mikkel Bolt 13
Ratcliff, Carter 59, 61
Ray, Man 21, 26, 30, 80, 101
L’Âge du cinéma and 84, 85, 86
‘Art et cinéma’ 85
Mystères du château du dé (1929) 89n15
oneiric objects of 54
‘primitive’ art and 47
on struggle of cinematic poetry 78
Ray, Man, films of
Emak-Bakia (1926) 2
L’Étoile de mer (1928) 147
Reeve, Christopher 132, 141n7
Reflections on Black (Brakhage, 1955) 66
Regard Picasso, Le (Kaplan, 1967) 213
‘Religious Possession in Dancing’ (Deren, 1942) 234
‘Remarks on Cinematic Oneirism’ (Benayoun) 86
Renoir, Jean, 86 141n3
RE/Search 10
Resnais, Alain 9, 86, 109, 132, 155, 160
Guernica (1949) 102
Je t’aime je t’aime (1968) 133, 142n13
‘Rêve, l’inconscient, le merveilleux, Le’ [The Dream, the Unconscious, the Marvellous] (Brunius) 85
Revue surréaliste (Goldfayn and Heisler, 1951) 84
Rewald, John 103
Reyes Ferreira, Jesús 199
Reyes Nevares, Beatraiz 170
Richardson, Michael 8, 11, 14, 181n30, 187
Richter, Hans 10, 86, 94, 100
Rimbaud, Arthur 1, 213
Ripstein, Arturo 179
ritual 4, 214
children’s play and 32, 40n32
in Deren’s films 21, 267, 32, 348, 36
eroticism and 33
Haitian 34
Ritual in Transfigured Time (Deren, 1945–46) 21, 22, 31, 347, 36
Rivette, Jacques 159
Road to Life, The [Putyovka v zhizn] (Ekk, 1931) 89n9
Robbe-Grille, Alain 133
Roberts, Donna 211
Robertson, Etienne-Gaspard 99
rock and roll 188, 190
‘Roger Malvin’s Burial’ (Hawthorne, 1832) 689
Rohmer, Eric 156, 159
Romanticism 9, 43, 166
Cornell and 13, 55
German 46, 56
‘primitive’ cultures and 46
re-enchantment of the world and 434
surrealist engagement with 23, 43, 45
utopianism and 7
vision of woman in 172
Rose Hobart (Cornell, 1936) 64, 657, 70, 72n76
Rossellini, Roberto 86, 87
Rouch, Jean 9, 52
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 43, 220
Rubia Barcia, José 87
Rubin, William 54
Ruiz, Raúl 9
Rules of the Game (Renoir, 1939) 141n3
Rulfo, Juan 179
Ruspoli, Maria (Duchess de Gramont) 92
Rutherford, Margaret 149
Sacramental Melodrama (Jodorowsky, 1965) 199
Sade, Marquis de 221
Sadoul, Georges 82, 102
Sagal, Boris 132
Sánchez Vidal, Agustín 88
Sans cent vierges ni virgule (Zimbacca, 2017) 52
Sartre, Jean-Paul 151
Saunders, Ramona (Zamira) 197
‘savage’ art 43, 44
Sax, Boria 214
Scarlet Letter, The (Hawthorne) 56
scenography 5, 105n61
Schehadé, Georges 81, 84
Schelling, Friedrich 56
Schlegel, August 56
Schlegel, Friedrich 46, 49, 56
Schmitt, Bertrand 150
Schneeman, Carolee 15
Schwitters, Kurt 54
science 7, 8, 93
diagonal science 9
instrumental 220
surrealist dialogue with 23
‘Science as a Vocation’ (Weber, 1919) 44
‘Science et la fiction, La’ [Science and Fiction] (Kyrou, 1957) 152
science fiction (SF) 13, 128, 132, 140n1
Benayoun’s interest in 140, 143n45
Daumal and 189
Fiction magazine 134, 136
Jodorowsky and 190
Kyrou and 152
Seabrook, William 30
Second Surrealist Manifesto (Breton, 1929) 100, 208
Secx, Douta 49
Seguin, Louis 159
Seligmann, Kurt 24, 30, 40n30
Semaine de bonté, Une (Ernst collage novel, 1934) 13, 94
collage technique and motion 935
image sources 93
original plates exhibited in Madrid (1936) 95, 98, 104n19
production and publication of 92, 93
theme structure of 923, 103n4
Semaine de bonté ou les sept éléments capitaux, Une (Desvilles film, 1961) 92, 103, 103n5, 105n58
cinematic techniques and effects 96100, 105n43
as exhibition film 1012
festival screenings and awards 96, 104n36
preparation for making of 956
Semon, Larry 156
‘Sense of the Past, The’ (James, 1917) 134, 138, 13940, 143n28
Serna, Mónica 169
Severed Heads (The Tie), The [Les Têtes interverties (La Cravate)] (Jodorowsky, 1957) 190
Sewers of Los Angeles (Buñuel and Ray, aborted film, 1946) 89n15
sexuality
in Deren’s films 30, 36
in The Holy Mountain 175, 199, 200
in Kaplan’s films 214, 217
in The Mansion of Madness 165, 172, 174, 175
Scandinavian Situationists and 116, 121
see also eroticism
Seymour, Jane 132
Shadow and Its Shadow, The (Hammond, 2000) 148
shamanism 192
Sharp, Jasper 62
Sherlock Jr. (Keaton, 1924) 141n3
Shoeshine [Sciuscià] (De Sica, 1946) 87
Short, Robert 10, 187
Sica, Vittorio de 87
Silberman, Serge 181n32
silent cinema 9, 157, 177, 180
Simic Charles 69
Simon, S. J. 141n10
Simon of the Desert [Simón del desierto] (Buñuel, 1965) 187
‘Simple-Simon, ou l’anti-James Dean’ (Benayoun, 1958) 155
Siné 152
Sin título (Glass, 1971) 195, Plate 6
Sitney, P. Adams 21, 38n4, 59, 66, 67, 69
Situationist Bauhaus 108
Situationist International, First 13, 112, 113
antagonistic relationship with cinema 108, 116
art abandoned in favour of political vanguard 111, 114
critique of surrealism 116, 122
Hegelian Marxism of 111, 114, 122
split in 11011
Situationist International, Second (Scandinavian faction) 6, 108, 123n19
art as expression of freedom 11314
formation of 110
legal prosecutions of artists and 11416, 124n28
Small Boy and Others, A (James, 1913) 138
Smith, Jack 15
S.NOB (journal) 179, 190
Socialist Realism 82, 151, 186
So ein Ding muss ich auch haben [Such a Thing I Also Need] (Nash, Mertz, and SPUR, 1961) 117
Solomon, Deborah 55
Some Like It Hot (Wilder, 1959) 132
Somewhere in Time (Szwarc, 1980) 132, 141n7
‘Somme d’un nuit d’hiver, La’ [The Sum of a Winter Night] (Benayoun) 155
Sontag, Susan 128
Sorcière, La (Michelet, 1862) 214
Soupault, Pierre 213
space/time frameworks 36, 37, 40n40
Spain, surrealism in 6, 12
spatio-temporality 166
spectacle, situationist theory of 108, 109
spectatorship 2, 72n76
Spies, Werner 98
spiritualism 136
‘Spleen’ (Baudelaire) 57
Spoils of Poynton, The (James, 1897) 138
SPUR Gruppe 110, 11416, 117
Stalinism 7, 80, 81, 153, 212, 223
Stejskal, Martin 10
stereoscope 63
Stop for Bud (Thorsen, Leth, and John, 1963) 117
Storck, Henri 97, 102, 149
Strada, La (Fellini, 1954) 153
Strid, Hardy 113
Strom, Kirsten 216
Study in Choreography for Camera, A (Deren, 1945) 21
Sturm, Helmut 115
Štyrský, Jindřich 26, 39n17
subjectivity 45, 66, 147
Sufism 196
Sun boxes (Cornell, 1950s) 66
Sun in Its Jewel Case, The (Tanguy, 1937) 28
Sunset Boulevard (Wilder, 1950) 149
SURR (Surréalisme, Utopie, Rêve, Revolte) (journal) 52
surrealism
animals and ecology in relation to 20912
in art and literature 1011
Breton’s definitions of 58, 64
collaboration across artistic media 165
continuity of 134
intellectual heritage of 26
official inception of (1924) 1
‘period of sleeping fits’ (1920–23) 24
in post–World War II climate 68
recuperation of 22
revolution of the mind 189, 191, 200
role in international film culture 5
Situationist relationship with 108, 116, 1212
time travel and 1359
women in 25
Surrealism and Cinema (Richardson, 2006) 11
Surrealism anthology (Levy, 1936) 61
Surréalisme, même, Le (journal) 213
Surréalisme au cinéma, Le (Kyrou, 1953) 11, 23, 89n17, 151, 152, 213
Surréalisme en 1947, Le (international exhibition) 7, 8
Surréalisme en Tchécoslovaquie, Le (Král, 1983) 157
Surréalisme et la peinture, Le (Breton, 1928) 33
Surréalisme même, Le (magazine) 84
‘Surrealismo y arte fantástico en México’ (Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, 1971) 194
Surréalistes et le cinéma, Les (DVD, 2012) 10
surrealist film 4, 5, 8, 12, 139
animals in 2079
early attempts at 2
false notion of surrealist canon 15
female filmmakers and 15, 21
in film-studies scholarship 67
neorealism contrasted with 88
paracinephilia and 9
shifting contexts of 14
Situationist views of 13
variety of styles and formats 1011
Susik, Abigail 14, 94
Švab, Ludvik 9
Švankmajer, Jan 5, 6, 14, 209
animal revolts depicted by 207
anthropocentrism opposed by 21823
dead animals in films of 210, 220
‘To Renounce the Leading Role’ (1990) 2201
Švankmajer, Jan, films of
Alice [Nĕco z Alenky] (1987) 207, 220
Conspirators of Pleasure [Spikllenci slasti] (1996) 221
The Flat [Byt] (1968) 219
Historia Naturae, Suita (1967) 219
Insect [Hmyz] (2018) 207, 218, 2213, Plates 10 and 11
Lunacy [Šileni] (2005) 207, 220, 221
A Quiet Week in the House [Tichý týden v dome] (1969) 219
Sweden 11112, 113, 119
Swedenborg, Emanuel 137
symbolism 13, 26, 55, 69, 172
‘System of Doctor Tarr and Professor Fether, The’ (Poe, 1845) 14, 165, 166
Takata, Ejo 191
Tanguy, Yves 24, 28
Tanning, Dorothea 24, 25, 356, 95
Tarahumaras, Les (Artaud, 1947) 192
Tarkovsky, Andrei 157
Tarot cards 191, 196, 197
Tauromaquia (Picasso) 103
Tavernier, Bertrand 160
Teachings of Don Juan, The: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge (Castaneda, 1968) 192
technology 1, 7, 93, 114
telekinesis 136
Temple, Mary (Minnie) 137
Temptations of Dagobert, The (Carrington, 1945) 167
Teshigahara, Hiroshi 15
That Obscure Object of Desire [Cet obscur objet du désir] (Buñuel, 1977) 1334
Thaumatrope 62, 63, Plate 1
Theatre and Its Double, The [Le Théâtre et son double] (Artaud, 1938) 198
Theory of the Four Movements, The (Fourier, 1808) 209, 21718
There Are No Thieves in This Village [En este pueblo no hay ladrones] (Isaac, 1964) 1789
Thomas, Gwen 67
Thompson, Kristin 6
Thorpe, Axel 214
Thorsen, Jens Jørgen 108, 109, 113, 122, 123n11
cinematic projects of 11621, 118, 119, 124n43
Freddie’s surrealism and 11516, 1212, 124n32
media pranks and interventions of 114, 121, 123n27
on Situationist theory and creativity 111
SPUR trial and 115
Thorsen, Jens Jørgen, films of
Aus Westdeutschland Nicht Neues [All Quiet on the West German Front] (with Nash and SPUR, uncompleted) 117
Do You Want Success? (1963) 118
Fotorama (1960–64) 118, 118
Pornoshop (with Maruni and Holt, 1965) 120, 124n42
Quiet Days in Clichy (1969) 118
Stop for Bud (with Leth and John, 1963) 117
Tom, Empty, Vide, Leer (1966) 118
Viet Nam (1969) 118, 119
3 Standard Stoppages (Duchamp, 1913–14) 29
Tierney, Gene 156
time travel 12930, 132, 133, 142n13
dreams and 135
in Henry James’s writings 134, 13640
theory of relativity and 135
Tintoretto, Jacopo 99
Todorov, Tzvetan 56
Tom, Empty, Vide, Leer (Thorsen, 1966) 118
Topo, El (Jodorowsky, 1970) 9
Topor, Roland 9, 198
‘To Renounce the Leading Role’ (Švankmajer, 1990) 2201
Torres de Satélite (Goeritz, Barragán, and Reyes Ferreira, 1958) 199
Toscane, Jean 95
Toulouse Cinémathèque 153
Toward the Blue Peninsula: For Emily Dickinson (Cornell, c. 1953) 6970
Toyen 2, 39n17, 210
trance states 23, 24
Transposed Heads, The: A Legend of India [Die vertauschten Köpfe: eine indische Legende] (Mann, 1940) 190
Trauner, Alexandre 83
Trial, The (Kafka, 1925) 219
tribal cultures/objects 12, 32
Tristana (Buñuel, 1970) 161
Tropic of Cancer, The (Miller) 115
Trotsky, Leon 26, 80, 81
Trotskyism,7, 26, 52, 111
Truffaut, François 159
Tsukamoto, Shinya 15
‘Turn of the Screw, The’ (James, 1898) 138
Two Monks [Dos monjes] (Bustillo Oro, 1934) 176
Umberto D. (De Sica, 1952) 79
UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico) 767
unconscious, the 1, 23
United States
indigenous tribes of 48
obscenity lawsuits against Henry Miller 115
Pop Art in 101
surrealism in 6, 12, 13, 22, 187
‘Unjust Dominion, An’ (Litherland and Rammel, 1986) 217
Urías, Luis 188, 196, 198, 200, 203n63
Urueta, Chano 176
utopia/utopianism 7, 24, 49, 219, 223
human–animal alliances and 217
revolt against civilisation and 212
utopian socialism 137, 209
Vagabond, The (Chaplin, 1916) 161
Vale, V. 10
Valle-Inclán, Ramón del 83
Valorbe, François 49
vandalism, art and 123n16
Vaneigem, Raoul 110, 111
Varda, Agnès 160
Varo, Remedios 24, 25, 83, 194
The Ascension of Mount Analogue (1960) 197
esoteric arts and 188, 196, 197
Tarot cards designed by 196
Vax, Louis 143n29
Velázquez, Diego 83
Venus and Mars Surprised by Vulcan (Tintoretto, c. 1551) 99
Verne, Jules 190
Viet Nam (Thorsen, 1969) 118, 119
View (journal) 23, 29, 30, 32, 63
Vigo, Jean 151
Viridiana (Buñuel, 1961) 88
Visconti, Luchino 87
Visionary Film (Sitney) 38n4
von Sternberg, Josef 86, 135, 151
Voyageur dans les glaces, Le (Cornell, c. 1934) 63
VVV (journal) 23, 30, 32, 211
Wajda, Andrzej 9, 152
Waldberg, Isabelle 24, 25, 32, 334, 33, 35
Waldberg, Patrick 33, 34
Waldman, Diane 58, 64
Walpole, Horace 1301, 140
Warner, Marina 38
Weber, Max 44
Weiss, Allen 221
Weisz Carrington, Gabriel 165, 167, 168, 173, 179, 197
Wellman, William 153
Wenders, Wim 157
West, Henry 193
Whitman, Walt 56
Wilder, Billy 132, 149
‘Wilhelm Freddie: frihedens store alkymist’ [Wilhelm Freddie: The Great Alchemist of Liberty] (Thorsen, 1967) 11516
Winsberg, Jacques 49
Witch, The [La bruja] (Urueta, 1954) 176
witches 21415, 217
Witch’s Cradle (Deren, 1943) 12, 22, 2734, 27, 39n21, 39n26
With Hidden Noise (Duchamp, 1916) 29
Woman with Her Throat Cut (Giacometti, 1932) 28, 30
women
desire staged through the female body 1726
female agency 35
female erotic gaze 217
film-makers 15
as flâneurs in Cornell films 66
Romantic view of woman 172
violence against 199
World of the Vampires [El mundo de los vampiros] (Corona Blake, 1961) 176
World War II 2, 12, 208
Wyler, William 86, 152
Yippies 123n27
Zavattini, Cesare 79
Zen Buddhism 191
Zimbacca, Michel 2, 6, 10
L’Âge du cinéma and 149
Le centaure inoxydable (1994) 52
L’Invention du monde (with Bédouin, 1952) 12, 4352, 44, 46, 48, 51, 84
Ni d’Eve ni d’Adam (1968) 52
Sans cent vierges ni virgule (2017) 52
Zimmer, Hans Peter 115
zoetropes 63
zombie movies 132
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Surrealism and film after 1945

Absolutely modern mysteries

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