Index
in The Pan-African Pantheon

INDEX

This index is arranged word by word.

A

Abacha, Sani 31, 273, 4656, 4723, 563
Abantu-Batho (newspaper) 152
Abiola, Kudirat 472
Abiola, Moshood 191, 466
Abrahams, Peter 24, 139
Abuja Declaration (1993) 50, 189, 191, 192
Achebe, Chinua 400, 429, 4323, 452, 462, 467, 517
Adedeji, Adebayo 39, 44, 179, 3502, 355, 356, 3578, 359, 360, 3612, 373
Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi 45
Africa and Africans
art 44, 501
coups 2579, 260, 317
economic and social development 910, 289, 36, 3840, 165, 238, 247, 24950, 31213, 31415, 316, 333, 350, 3559, 372, 3734, 376, 378, 502, 50910
governance and security 328, 39, 44, 318, 333, 334, 36970, 37123, 3734, 375, 37680, 410, 411, 468, 502, 509
history 246, 3845, 386, 388
identity and values 21, 734, 7681, 82, 834, 86, 87, 934, 129, 146, 176, 177, 325, 32633, 382, 384, 3856, 392, 4245, 433, 4367, 457, 458, 501, 529, 5645
liberation struggles and conflict 27, 38, 173, 174, 199, 201, 279, 2801, 368, 371, 3828, 549
neo-colonialism 67, 68, 242
partition and colonisation of 1618, 22, 95, 468
philosophy 4123, 41416, 418, 4201
regional integration 39, 360
repatriation 278, 29, 79, 85, 11011, 11213, 441, 447, 498, 499, 547
tradition and culture 5079, 510, 529
Africa Society 28
Africa-American Friends of Africa 535
African American Students Foundation (AASF) 535
African Americans 567, 107, 177, 212, 21314, 21520, 221, 2246, 232, 284, 288, 292, 293, 295, 441
African Association 22, 96
African Association of Political Science (AAPS) 372
African Baptist Church 19
African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP)–European Union (EU) economic partnership agreements 249
African, Caribbean and Pacific Group see Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS)
African Centre for Development and Strategic Studies (ACDESS) 352
African Charter for Popular Participation in Development and Transformation 359, 373, 375
African Common Market 25
African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (AfCHPR) 35
African Development Bank (AfDB) 271, 361
African Institute for Economic Development and Planning (IDEP) 361
African Legion 368
African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church 20, 28
African National Congress (ANC) 144, 145, 1512, 154, 173, 398, 406, 408, 537
African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) 35, 173, 175, 179, 180, 352, 369, 3779
African Personality see Africa, identity and values
African Protocol on Women 143
African Redemption Fund 110
African Regional Centre for Technology (ARCT) 361
African Renaissance 51, 66, 87, 106, 169, 170, 171, 172, 175, 176, 177, 181, 188, 330, 374, 458, 459, 460
African Union 34, 35, 39, 143, 171, 1734, 175, 179, 352, 436, 565
Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSOCC) 35, 271, 350
Liberation Committee 2801
Peace and Security Council 35, 180
African Union Mission in Burundi (AMIB) 174
Africa’s Priority Programme for Economic Recovery (APPER) 358, 375
Afrika Shrine (Lagos) 556, 558, 560
Afro-Aryanism 4789
Afro-Asiatic Solidarity Conference (Conakry, 1960) 368
Afrobeat 5556, 558, 559, 566, 569
Agbebi, Mojola 22
Agenda 2063 3940, 374
Aggrey, James Kwegyir 167, 443, 564
Ajayi, Jacob F. Ade 50, 191, 192, 331
Ake, Claude 372
Akintola, Samuel Ladoke 24, 139, 463
Albright, Madeleine 200, 204, 206
Algeria 258, 366, 377, 403
Ali, Duse Mohamed 106
Ali, Muhammad 539
All African People’s Conference (Accra, 1958) 327, 3678
Allen, Richard 20
Allen, Thomas 226, 227
Allende, Salvador 538
Alternative Framework for Structural Adjustment Programme for Socio-Economic Recovery and Transformation (AAF-SAP) 359
Althusser, Louis 410, 412, 41314, 416, 418, 419, 420
Alves, Castro 176
American Colonization Society (ACS) 28, 74, 112
American Committee on Africa (ACOA) 279, 535
Ametwee, Seth 160
Amin, Idi 46, 333, 465
Amin, Samir 372, 416
Amoako-Atta, Kwesi 317
anarchism 5678
ancestors 60, 332, 414, 544, 545, 546, 559
Angelou Make, Maya (Marguerite Johnson) 51, 52, 57, 2224, 2259, 230, 2316, 534
Anglican Students Federation (South Africa) 396
Angola 67, 68, 173, 201, 202, 203
Anikulapo-Kuti, Fela (Olufela Ransome-Kuti) 46, 5559, 560, 5612, 5634, 5659
Annan, Kofi 34, 199, 201, 202, 204, 205, 2745
Appiah, Joe 24, 448
Appiah, Kwame Anthony 6, 326, 4348, 439, 4401, 442, 443, 444, 4456, 4478, 464
Appiah, Peggy 448
Aristide, Jean-Bertrand 178
Armah, Ayi Kwei 432
armed struggle 24, 257, 258, 382, 387, 548
Armitage, Richard 199200
Armstrong, Louis (Satchmo) 46
Arnold, Matthew 308
Asa (Bukola Elemide) 46
Asante, Molefi Kete 565
Ashe, Arthur 56, 288
Ashwood, Maudriana 134
Ashwood, Michael 134
Ashwood Garvey, Amy 24, 51, 63, 101, 116, 1317, 138, 13943
Association of African Central Banks (AACB) 361
Association of African Tax Administration (AATA) 361
Awolowo, Obafemi 24, 463
Ayang’ Nyong’o, Peter 372
Azikiwe, Ben Nnamdi 22, 51, 127, 154, 169, 2778, 281, 292, 459

B

Bâ, Mariama 45, 51, 50011
Bâ, Niéle 502
Babangida, Ibrahim 471, 473
Bachelard, Gaston 419
Back to Africa see Africa, repatriation
Bah, Bageol 540
Baldwin, James 2930, 516, 534
Banda, Hastings 24, 159, 165
Bantu Education Act (South Africa, 1953) 532
Barden, A.K. 162
Barth, Heinrich 17
Bashir, Omar 469
Bathily, Abdoulaye 372
Baudelaire, Charles Pierre 456
Bea, Sathima 536
Beckles, Hilary 193
Beier, Ulli 467
Belafonte, Harry 46, 5334, 536, 537
Ben Bella, Ahmed 57, 162, 173
Berg Report 358
Bergson, Henri 458
Berlin Conference (1884–5) 16, 17, 1819, 38
Berry, Mary Frances 30, 287
Biafra 463, 565
Bibb, Leon 534
Biko, Alice 3945, 399
Biko, Mzingaye 394
Biko, Steve 46, 3928, 399401, 402, 403, 404, 4056, 407, 408, 409, 460
Biko Centre (Ginsberg, South Africa) 394
Bismarck, Otto von 16, 18
Biwott, Nicholas 522
Black Arts Movement 525
black British 4945, 4968
Black Consciousness 52, 391, 392, 3934, 3989, 4001, 402, 4048, 460
Black Death (1346–53) 8
black identity see Africa, identity and values
Black Lives Matter 32
Black Panthers 210, 382, 538
Black Power movement 30, 44, 2412, 282, 344, 476, 477, 478, 480, 486, 487, 538, 546
Black Star shipping line 23, 51, 11012, 116, 136, 163
Blyden, Edward Wilmot 19, 202, 51, 63, 7387, 96, 101, 106, 169, 242, 325, 327, 439, 440, 444, 445, 447, 4589, 551, 564
Bok, Derek 283
Bokassa, Jean-Bédel 465
Bongo, Omar 196
Boston Playwrights’ Theatre 476
Boutros-Ghali, Boutros 6, 34, 195, 196202, 2035, 206
Bragança, Aquino de 260, 261
Brando, Marlon 534
Brazil 1415, 67, 1767, 193, 354, 448
Briggs, Cyril Valentine 242
Brink, André 467
British Nationality Act (1948) 493
Brooke, Edward 282
Brown, Jesse 290
Brown, Ron 290
Bruce, John E. 104, 105, 110
Brundtland Commission 2689
Brutus, Dennis 467
Buhari, Muhammadu 563
Bulawayo, NoViolet 45
Burnham, Forbes 237
Burundi 174, 203

C

Cabaret for Freedom (Maya Angelou) 2234
Cabral, Amílcar Lopes da Costa 52, 62, 374, 376, 3813, 3845, 38690, 529
Cadet, Elizier 108, 109
Cairo Agenda for Action (1995) 375
Calhoun, John Caldwell 146
Cambridge, Godfrey 223
Cameron, Norman Eustace 242
Campbell, Ambrose 557
Campbell, Robert 28
Canada 190
Cape Verde 388, 389
capitalism 92, 126, 165
Caribbean
art 4845, 486
economic and social development 36, 38, 412, 434, 24950
governance and security 367, 404
history and politics 4601
identity 4812, 486
Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) 412, 43, 50
Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) 42
Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) 321
Caribbean Disaster and Emergency Management Agency (CDEMA) 42
Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM) 43
Caribbean Free Trade Association (CARIFTA) 41
Caribbean Regional Public Health Agency (CARPHA) 42
Caribbean Reparations Movement 193
Carmichael, Stokely (Kwame Ture) 30, 382, 538, 53940
Carnegie Corporation 294
Carroll, Diahann 534
Cary, Lott 27
Castro, Fidel 186, 472, 538, 541
Celestine-Edwards, Samuel 242
Centre for African Studies, Eduardo Mondlane University 2601
Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, University of Birmingham 3378, 3446
Césaire, Aimé 44, 45, 167, 242, 305, 309, 325, 328, 381, 383, 413, 4523, 454, 501, 564
Chaka 456, 567
Challenor, Herschelle 28
Charles, Ray 46
Chege, Michael 520
Chicago Congress on Africa (1893) 29
Chidzero, Bernard 196
China 354
Chinweizu 466, 476
Clark, John Pepper 467
Clarke Roach, May 136
Clay, Violet 283
climate change 2712, 274
Clinton, Bill 290, 2912, 295, 472
Cobden Unwin, Jane 22
Cockburn, Joshua 111
Coetzee, J.M. 45
Coker, Daniel 27
Cold War 36, 44, 198, 281
Cole, Alan (Skill) 549
Colonial Development Corporation 312
Colonial Economic Advisory Committee (CEAC) 312, 314
colonialism 8, 1619, 37, 3302
Coltrane, John 557
Combahee River Collective 382
Comissiong, David 193
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) 39, 360
Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) 43
Company of Merchants 10
comprador elites 1612, 242, 376
Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act (USA, CAAA, 1986) 288, 294
Comte, Auguste 419
Conference of All Independent African States (Accra, 1958) 3678
Conference of Independent African States (Addis Ababa, 1959) 368
Congo see Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)
Congressional Black Caucus (USA, CBC) 30, 34, 282, 284, 287
Connor, Joseph 2056
Convention People’s Party (Ghana) 1589, 163, 164
Cooper, Anna Julia 101
Corona virus (Great Plague, 2020) 49
Corrigan Maguire, Mairead 272
Cosby, Bill 295
Cosmopolitan Club (Oxford) 150
cosmopolitanism 4356
Côte d’Ivoire 159, 160, 161, 174, 175
Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) 372
Cowen, George 301
Crichlow, Cyril A. 112
cricket 307, 308
Crowther, Samuel Ajayi 22
Crummell, Alexander 29, 1489, 4379, 440, 443, 444, 445, 447
Cuba 14, 15, 32, 34, 634, 67, 177, 186
Cudjoe, Hannah 164
Cuffe, Paul 27, 112
Cugoano, Ottobah 20
Cuito Cuanavale (battle) 177
Cultural Association for Women of African Heritage (CAWAH) 228, 229
cultural studies 335, 3414, 3456
Curtis, Helen 101

D

Daboh, Godwin 471
Dadzie, Kenneth 196
Dagarti, Salifu 160
Dakar (Senegal) 500, 503, 505, 506
Dallaire, Roméo 201
Damas, Léon 501
Daniel, Gbenga 472
Danquah, J.B. 138, 142, 161, 317
Dar es Salaam School of Political Economy 248
Darfur 174, 469
Davies, H.O. 24
Davis, Angela 52, 382, 517
Davis, Miles 46, 534, 557
Davis, Ossie 223
De Beauvoir, Simone 366
De Brazza, Pierre Savorgnan 17
De Klerk, F.W. 288
Debray, Regis 376
Declaration on the Political and Socio-Economic Situation in Africa and the Fundamental Changes Taking Place in the World (OAU, 1990) 375
Dee, Ruby 223
Defiance Campaign (South Africa, 1952) 533
Delany, Martin Robinson 28, 112
Dellums, Ronald 30
Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 18, 212, 33, 174, 175, 430, 432
Deniyi, Madarikan 110
Derrida, Jacques 410, 412, 420
Dessalines, Jean-Jacques 12, 59
development economics 31820, 3523, 3545
Diagne, Blaise 23, 108
Diggs, Charles 2823, 284, 288
Diop, Birago 564
Diop, Cheikh Anta 51, 154, 169, 328, 459
Diop-Tali, Obèye 504
Dixon, Julian 30
Dlamini-Zuma, Nkosazana 39
Doe, Samuel 28, 37
Domenach, Jean-Marie 366
double consciousness 93, 4045, 454
double diaspora 61, 491, 492, 496
Douglass, Frederick 29, 303, 443, 447, 551
Dred Scott decision (USA, 1857) 13
Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt (W.E.B.) 14, 22, 234, 30, 61, 62, 8895, 96103, 105, 1089, 113, 121, 122, 124, 127, 139, 167, 1756, 211, 221, 233, 234, 240, 241, 328, 329, 374, 381, 393, 404, 43942, 444, 448, 454, 566, 568
Dube, John Langalibalele 151, 154
Dunbar, Paul Laurence 135
Dunkley, Archibald 547
Duvalier, François (Papa Doc) 367

E

East African Community (EAC) 39, 41
Ebadi, Shirin 272
Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) 39, 360
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) 39, 84, 351, 360
economic liberalisation 3534, 358
education 803, 316, 47980
Egba 556
Egypt 258, 260
Egypt ’80 (band) 559, 561, 563, 566
Ejiofor, Chiwetel 46
Ejogo, Carmen 46
Ellington, Duke 46, 534
Ellison, Ralph 45
Emecheta, Buchi 51, 48893, 494, 4959
Enahoro, Peter 471
Environmental Liaison Centre International (ELCI) 269
environmentalism 2634, 265, 2689, 2723, 274
Equiano, Olaudah 20, 458
Eritrea 174
Erivo, Cynthia 46
Espy, Mike 290
Ethiopia 114, 138, 174
Ethiopian Baptist Church 20
Ethiopianism 21, 22, 106
ethnophilosophy 410, 411, 41213, 414, 415, 41718, 419, 421, 4245
Evaristo, Bernadine 45
Exodus 439, 442, 4445

F

Fabian Colonial Bureau 316, 321
Fair Play for Cuba 223
Fanon, Frantz 52, 62, 63, 110, 1678, 242, 305, 328, 36572, 3735, 37680, 381, 382, 384, 385, 387, 389, 393, 4023, 412, 413
Farrakhan, Louis 30, 31
Fauntroy, Walter 30, 287
Fauset, Jessie 101
Federation of the West Indies see West Indies Federation
Felasophy 555
Festival Panafricain du Cinéma et de la Télévision de Ouagadougou (FESPACO) 47
film 468, 57, 212, 5323
Firmin, Antenor 242
First, Julius 253
First, Matilda 253
First, Ruth 51, 2518, 259, 2602
Fitzgerald, Ella 531
Foote, Andrew H. 106
Ford Foundation 294
Foreman, George 539
Forna, Aminatta 45
Foucault, Michel 424
Fourah Bay College (Freetown) 20, 83
Fourie, Brand 287
Françafrique 26, 68
Franklin Cook, Coralie 101
Free Africa Society 20, 28
Free South Africa Movement 30, 287, 288
freedom 4012
Freedom Charter 253, 533
Freeman, Morgan 56
Frobenius, Leo 458
Front for National Liberation (Algeria, FLN) 366, 367, 368
Front Line States (FLS) 173
Froude, James Anthony 301, 302, 476, 477, 480, 481, 483
Fugitive Slave Act (USA, 1850) 13

G

Gaid, Tahar 443
Gambari, Ibrahim 180, 202
Gamble, William Hamilton 3012
Gandhi, Indira 472
Gardiner, Robert 356
Garvey, Amy (née Ashwood) see Ashwood Garvey, Amy
Garvey, Amy Euphemia (née Jacques) see Jacques Garvey, Amy Euphemia
Garvey, Marcus Mosiah 23, 28, 30, 51, 62, 63, 101, 1048, 10917, 1212, 124, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 163, 185, 192, 193, 194, 240, 242, 305, 328, 441, 442, 443, 444, 495, 544, 545, 547, 54950, 551, 552, 553, 566, 568
Garveyism 10910, 131, 212, 213, 219, 336
Gassama, Ibrahim 286
Gates, Henry Louis Jr 464
Gbadebo II, Alake of Abeokuta 472
Gbowee, Leymah 266
General Act of Berlin (1885) 18
Ghana 128, 142, 1589, 1601, 162, 1635, 211, 232, 2589, 31617, 321, 340
Ghana Women’s League 164
Gharekhan, Chinmaya 199
Gibbs Hunt, Ida 101
Gillespie, Dizzy 46, 534
Ginsberg (Eastern Cape, South Africa) 394
Githae, Richard Karuga 51314
Giwa, Dele 472
Global and Inclusive Agreement on Transition in the Democratic Republic of the Congo 174
global South 177, 197, 269, 270, 501
Goldberg, Whoopi 56
Gordimer, Nadine 45, 465, 467
Gordon, Lewis R. 328
Gore, Al 273, 274
Gouveia, Elsa 238
Gowon, Yakubu 463
Graham Du Bois, Shirley 211, 233
Gramsci, Antonio 402, 411
Graves, Earl 285, 286, 295
Green Belt Movement (Kenya) 2678, 272, 273, 274
Group Areas Act (South Africa, 1950) 397
Guevara, Ernesto (Che) 376
Guinea-Bissau 388, 389
Gulf Oil 279, 283
Gumbel, Bryant 290
Guy, Rosa 228, 230
Gwangwa, Jonas 535, 536
Gyekye, Kwame 415

H

Haile Selassie (Ras Tafari Makonen) 114, 115, 535, 546, 548, 551, 552
see also Rastafarians
Haiti 8, 12, 59, 149, 178, 201, 2023, 241, 292, 302, 303, 30910, 448, 4512
Hall, Prince 20
Hall, Stuart 5, 52, 312, 33547, 3489
Hansberry, Lorraine 223
Hansen, Emmanuel 372
Harlem Renaissance 45, 135, 225
Harvard University 283
Hayford, J.E. Casely 22
Head, Bessie 45
health 191
Hegel, Georg 393, 400, 402, 4078, 41920, 568
Herskovits, Melville 326
Herskovits Prize (American Studies Association) 411
Hibbert, Joseph 547
Highlife (musical form) 557
Hinds, Robert 547
Hirson, Baruch 4001, 402
historiography 239, 331, 424
HIV/AIDS 179, 275
Hlubi, Mark 24
Hoggart, Richard 337, 341
Holden, Roberto 368
Holderness, Etna 29
Holiday, Billie 89, 531
Holmes, Odette 5345
Holmes Norton, Eleanor 30, 287
homeland 14, 27, 64, 129, 136, 453, 492, 495, 499, 546
Homer 486
homophobia 180, 440, 445, 446
Horton, Africanus 122, 126
Hounsou, Djimon 46
Hountondji, Paulin J. 41018, 419, 4201
Houphouet-Boigny, Félix 159, 160, 165, 368, 535
Howell, Leonard 547
Huddleston, Trevor 516
Hughes, Langston 45, 168, 534
Hugo, Victor 456
humanism 329, 330, 369, 388, 457, 458, 468, 481
Husserl, Edmund 412, 413, 414, 416, 418, 419
Huxley, Elspeth 517

I

“I am an African” (speech by Thabo Mbeki) 170, 326
Ibadan (Nigeria) 467
Ibekwe, Chinweizu see Chinweizu
Ibrahim, Abdullah 536
Ibusa (Nigeria) 492, 499
Idiagbon, Tunde 563
Ige, Bola 472
Immorality Act (South Africa, 1950) 532
Impey, Catherine 22
India 354
Inter-African Congress (Bamako, 1957; Cotonou, 1958) 367
International African Friends of Ethiopia (IAFE) 138, 304
International African Service Bureau (IASB) 1389, 304
International Bauxite Association 186
International Conference on Popular Participation in the Recovery and Development Process in Africa (Arusha, 1990) 359, 373, 375
International Congress of Africanists (Accra, 1962) 144, 169
International Court of Justice (ICJ) 204, 256, 257
International Criminal Court (ICC) 204
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 197, 294, 356, 358, 359, 375
International Seabed Authority (ISA) 187
International Trade Union Committee for Black Workers (ITUCNW) 123
Irele, Abiola 467, 501
Islam 82, 106, 330, 334
Izsadore, Sandra 557

J

Jackson, Andrew 29
Jackson, Jesse 56
Jacques Garvey, Amy Euphemia 116, 131, 136
Jamaica 12, 14, 20, 401, 67, 116, 133, 140, 182, 185, 186, 187, 1923, 194, 3201, 338, 339, 340, 344, 448, 543, 545, 546, 550, 553
James, C.L.R. (Cyril Lionel Robert) 6, 24, 45, 52, 62, 63, 101, 121, 122, 125, 137, 138, 139, 240, 241, 242, 3001, 3034, 3059, 310, 381
Jeanson, Francis 366
Jefferson, Thomas 27
Jefferson, William 31
Johnson, Gabriel 113
Johnson, Guy (son of Maya Angelou) 227, 232, 235
Johnson, Linton Kwesi 308
Johnson, Marguerite see Angelou Make, Maya
Johnson, Wallace 24
Johnson, Willard 285
Johnson Sirleaf, Ellen 266
Jonah, James 196
Jonathan, Goodluck 472
Jones, Absalom 20
Jones, Anna H. 101
Jones, Bill T. 46, 569
Jones, Claudia 381
Joseph, H. Mason 96
justice 60, 188, 464, 467

K

Kabasele, Joseph (Le Grand Kalle) 46
Kagame, Alexis 415, 418
Kagame, Paul 472
Kalakuta Republic (Nigeria) 5556, 558, 559, 5613, 568, 569
Kani, Inocêncio 381
Kariuki, Obadiah 516
Kassebaum, Nancy 30
Kaunda, Kenneth 159, 169, 535
Keita, Modibo 174, 368
Kelani, Tunde 47
Keller, Edmond 286
Kennedy, Edward 30
Kenya 159, 1845, 264, 266, 2678, 270, 2745, 512, 51315, 51819, 522, 525
Kenya National Theatre 519, 520
Kenyatta, Jomo 24, 52, 125, 126, 127, 137, 138, 139, 159, 165, 1845, 188, 333, 513, 515, 520
Kibaki, Mwai 270, 275
Kiereini, Jeremiah 521, 522
Kimathi, Dedan 51920, 523
King, Charles D.B. 113
King, Coretta see Scott King, Coretta
King, Martin Luther 30, 46, 168, 177, 210, 214, 217, 219, 221, 223, 224, 22930, 231, 233, 339, 400, 534, 538
Kinloch, Alice V. 96, 101
Kipling, Rudyard 328
Kirkpatrick, Jeane 199200
Kofi, King 59
Kosgei, Sally 524
Kubayi, James (Goolie) 532
Kulthum, Umm 46
Kwayana, Eusi 242

L

La Badie, Alma 139, 140
La Guma, Alex 467
Labour Party (Britain) 337, 345, 444
Ladipo, Duro 467
Ladysmith Black Mambazo 540
Lagos Plan of Action for the Economic Development of Africa, 1980–2000 (LPA) 39, 357, 358, 359
Lamptey, Obetsebi 161
Laurence, Margaret 517
Le Goff, Germaine 502, 503, 505
Leadership Conference on Southern Africa (Washington DC, 1976) 284
Lenin, V.I. 157, 304, 568
Leonard, Ray (Sugar) 288
Léopold, King 17, 18, 212
Levinson, Stanley 223, 227
Lewis, Ed 285, 286
Lewis, Hope 286
Lewis, William Arthur 34, 31115, 316, 31720, 3213
Liberia 21, 28, 74, 79, 84, 856, 11213, 1412, 149, 203, 442
Libya 25960
Liking, Werewere 567
Lincoln, Abbey 228
Lincoln, Abraham 28
Lira (Lerato Molapo) 46
literature 45
Livingstone, David 17, 149, 303
Liyong, Taban Lo 518
Locke, Alain Leroy 150, 154
Lomé Convention (1975) 434
Loppinot, Charles Joseph 300
L’Ouverture, Toussaint 12, 59, 241, 551
Love, Robert 551
Lowell, Robert 486
Lugard, Frederick 328
Lumumba, Patrice 33, 46, 62, 167, 174, 228, 368, 529, 533, 540, 566, 568
Luthuli, Albert 167

M

Maathai, Mwangi 265
Maathai, Wangari 6, 51, 2635, 2668, 269, 2702, 2736
Maceo, Antonio 551
Machel, Samora 174
Mafeje, Archie 372, 411
Mahfouz, Naguib 45
Make, Vusumzi 2267, 230, 231
Makeba, Miriam Zenzile 46, 51, 53042
Makeba, Sibongile Angela 540
Makerere University College 517
Makonnen, Ras 137
Malan, D.F. 533
Malcolm X (Malcolm Little, El Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) 30, 52, 62, 163, 20915, 21617, 21819, 2201, 230, 2334, 235, 339, 381, 400, 441, 443, 534, 566, 568
Mallarmé, Stéphane 456
Mama Africa see Makeba, Miriam Zenzile
Mamdani, Mahmood 372, 565
Mandela, Nelson 62, 253, 255, 287, 288, 293, 2945, 328, 393, 408, 472, 537, 540, 541
Mangena, Alfred 151
Manhattan Brothers 530
Manley, Michael 36, 186, 187
Manley, Norman 40
Manning, Sam 137, 138
Manning, Sarah 30
Mano River Union 84
Mao Tse-tung 376
Maran, René 452
Marcuse, Herbert 402
marijuana see Nigerian natural grass
Marley, Bob 46, 51, 187, 543, 5445, 546, 5478, 549, 550, 5512, 5534
Maroons 1112, 59
Marryshow, T.A. 138
Marson, Una 137
Marxism 92, 255, 3378, 344, 3478, 376, 413, 414, 419, 420, 523
Masekela, Hugh 535, 536, 537, 539, 540
Mashalaba, Nontsikelelo 399
Mashinini, Tsietsie 539
Masolo, Dismas 413, 418
Massaquoi, Woki 141
Masuka, Dorothy 533
Mau Mau insurrection 184, 512, 513, 515
Mauritania 469
Mayfield, Julian 233
Mazrui, Ali Al’Amin 51, 52, 57, 1579, 160, 161, 1623, 191, 3245, 3268, 329, 3304, 459, 518, 522, 564
Mbanefo, L.N. 139
Mbari artistic collective 467
Mbeki, Moeletsi 294
Mbeki, Thabo 51, 64, 65, 66, 130, 154, 1679, 17081, 374, 393, 408, 460
Mbithi, Philip 520, 521
M’Bow, Amadou-Mahtar 2045
Mboya, Tom 266, 339, 368, 516, 535
Mbulu, Letta 536
McCarthyism 212
McKay, Claude 115
McNamara, Robert 353
McQueen, Steve 46
Mda, Zakes 459
Meer, Ismail 253
Menchú Tum, Rigoberta 272
Mensah, E.T. 46
Mgwebi, Derrick 174
Middle Passage see slave trade
migrant labour 261, 536
Mill, John Stuart 440
Million Man March (Washington DC, 1995) 30
Mills, Charles Wright 342
Mingus, Charles 557
Mini, Vuyisile 536
Miriam Makeba Rehabilitation Centre for Girls 541
Mkangi, Katama 520
Mkhize, Victor 533
Mngxitama, Andile 407
Moi, Daniel arap 268, 270, 274, 513, 521, 522, 524
Mondlane, Eduardo 173, 253
Monnerot, Jules 564
Monnet, Jean 360
Monrovia Strategy for the Development of Africa 357
Moore, Robert B. 238, 242
Moose, George 290, 291
Morrison, Toni 45, 57
Mosala, Itumeleng 407
Moseley Braun, Carol 31
Mothuba, Joseph 531
Moumié, Félix-Roland 368
Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (MOSOP) 273
Mozambique 173, 201, 203, 2601, 539
Mphahlele, Ezekiel 459
Mudimbe, Valentin-Yves 3256, 329, 4225, 42632, 433, 461
Mugabe, Sally 523
Mugo, Micere (née Githae) 51, 51217, 51826
Muhammad, Elijah 213
Murray, Jack 223, 227
music 14, 46, 178, 5302, 533, 5346, 537, 5389, 540, 5412, 543, 544, 5456, 547, 548, 549, 550, 551, 5534, 555, 5567, 559, 563, 567
Muslim Brotherhood 260
Muslim Mosque Inc. 221
Mussolini, Benito 11415
Mwamba, Emmanuel 180

N

Nabudere, Dani 372
Naipaul, V.S. 312, 4767, 481, 482
Namibia 2567
Nardal, Paulette 501
Nasser, Abdel Gamal 173, 258, 327, 535
Nation of Islam 209, 210, 213, 217, 218, 219, 220, 483
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (USA, NAACP) 94, 105, 109, 228
National Baptist Church (USA) 28
National Catholic Federation of Students (South Africa, NCFS) 396
National Council of Ghana Women (NCGW) 1645
National Council of Women of Kenya (NCWK) 266
National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (Nigeria, NDLEA) 560
National Federation of Gold Coast Women 164
national liberation 2446, 368, 371, 382, 384, 387, 388, 389, 508, 543, 549, 551
National Union of South African Students (NUSAS) 3967
National Youth Service Corps (Nigeria) 351
Native Farmers Association of Africa Ltd 1523
Ndiaye, Abdoulaye (Ablaye) 5034
Négritude 21, 445, 51, 87, 325, 327, 400, 4513, 454, 456, 457, 45960, 461, 564, 567
Negro Bureau of the Red International of Labour Unions (Profintern) 123
Negro Progress Union (NPU) 137
Negro spirituals 1314
Negro World 51, 105, 107, 110, 111, 121, 135
New International Economic Order (NIEO) 186, 3567
New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) 171, 173, 179, 180, 376
newspapers 84, 152
Nguema, Macias 465
Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o (James Ngugi) 3256, 393, 411, 422, 433, 465, 513, 51617, 518, 519, 520, 522
Niagara Movement 94
Nietzsche, Friedrich 458
Nigeria 301, 137, 162, 172, 175, 259, 273, 351, 463, 4656, 473, 558, 559, 565
Nigerian natural grass (NNG) 559, 560
Njinga, Queen 8
Njonjo, Apollo 520
Nkomati Accord (Mozambique/South Africa, 1984) 173
Nkosi, Lewis 467
Nkrumah, Kwame 3, 23, 24, 25, 26, 33, 34, 35, 51, 52, 57, 62, 63, 73, 1023, 1256, 127, 128, 137, 139, 142, 144, 1579, 160, 161, 1623, 164, 1656, 168, 169, 173, 1801, 211, 233, 2589, 2812, 315, 31617, 321, 325, 327, 328, 333, 374, 400, 412, 41718, 440, 4423, 4445, 447, 459, 529, 535, 537, 538, 540, 563, 564, 566, 568
Nnoli, Okwudiba 372
Nobel Women’s Initiative 272
Nollywood see film
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) 186, 196
non-alignment 24
Notting Hill (London) 339
Nteta, Chris 280
Nujoma, Sam 257
Nxumalo, Henry 533
Nyerere, Julius 256, 45, 52, 159, 165, 169, 174, 184, 278, 280, 2812, 293, 327, 333, 400, 417, 518, 529, 535
Nyong’o, Lupita 46
Nyong’o, Peter Anyang 520
Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges 372

O

Obama, Barack 312, 111, 274, 320, 334
Obama, Barack (snr) 266
Obasanjo, Olusegun 130, 173, 178, 196, 469, 471, 472, 559
Obote, Milton 518
Odera Oruka, Henry 413, 415
Odinga, Raila 274
Ogbuenyi, Nwakwaluzo 490
Ogun (Yoruba god) 15, 55, 459, 470, 567
Ogundokun, Abiola 471
Okigbo, Christopher 466, 472
Okri, Ben 45, 393
Olaiya, Victor 46
O’Leary, Hazel 290
one-party ideology 15960, 1612, 165, 317, 510
oral tradition see story-telling
orature 524
Organisation of African, Caribbean and Pacific States (OACPS) 43
Organisation of African Unity (OAU) 267, 33, 130, 191, 192, 1956, 356, 436, 468, 535, 565
Organisation of Afro-American Unity (OAAU) 221, 233, 235
Orr, Bob 204
Owen, Veronica 515, 516
Owono, Nguema François 196
Owuor Anyumba, Henry 518
Oyelana, Tunji 467
Oyelowo, David 46

P

Padmore, George 24, 51, 52, 62, 63, 101, 102, 116, 118, 119, 1202, 12330, 137, 138, 139, 162, 183, 240, 242, 299, 300, 3045, 307, 381, 440, 441, 442
Pan-African Conference (London, 1900) 22, 58, 99100, 122, 146, 175
Pan-African Congress (Leopoldville, 1960) 368
Pan-African Congress (Manchester, 1945) 102, 118, 1268, 13940, 241, 315
Pan-African Congresses (Paris, London, Brussels, Lisbon and New York, 1919–27) 224, 589, 61, 95, 99, 100, 101, 109, 122, 124, 444
Pan-African Federation 128
Pan-African Liberation Committee (PALC) 283
Pan-African Musical Cultural Festival (Algeria, 1969) 5389
Pan-African Parliament (PAP) 35, 175, 180
Pan-Africanism 47, 19, 201, 22, 25, 267, 445, 556, 5869, 835, 93, 95, 967, 98, 99, 1001, 103, 11820, 1223, 1279, 130, 188, 194, 2434, 245, 246, 24950, 2812, 4346, 437, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448
Pan-Africanist Congress of South Africa (PAC) 398
Pankhurst, Sylvia 141
Park, Mungo 303
Parker, Charlie (Bird) 46
Parks, Rosa 224, 229
Parti de la Féderátion Africaine (Senegal, PFA) 159
Parti Démocratique de Côte d’Ivoire (PDCI) 159
Parti Démocratique de Guinée (PDG) 159
Partido Africano da Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) 382
Pax Africana 33, 174, 195
Payne, Donald 31
Peck, Raoul 46
People’s Progressive Party (Guyana, PPP) 238
Peters, Bolanle Austen 569
Peters, Thomas 20
Philip, Michel Maxwell 301
philosopher-kings 167, 168, 169, 180
Phiri, Ray 540
Pillay, Shunna (Sonny) 532
Plaatje, Solomon 154, 459
Planless Society (Nigeria) 569
Plato 167
poetry 1356, 423, 425, 42630, 4537, 476, 485
Poitier, Sidney 223, 534
polygyny 505, 506, 5089
Pope-Hennessy, John 82
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) 173
Port of Spain Literary Society 301
poverty 353, 354, 509, 545
Powell, Enoch 494
preface 422, 423, 427, 431
Price-Mars, Jean 242
Prince, Hannibal 30910
Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph 568
Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic (GPRA) 367, 368

Q

Qaddafi, Muammar 35, 127, 199, 259, 260

R

Ra, Sun 478, 480
race and racism 756, 8893, 945, 978, 99, 100, 1756, 1778, 179, 191, 281, 329, 3389, 345, 375, 4089, 435, 436, 4378, 439, 440, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 4478, 493, 494, 515, 516, 5489
Radio Kudirat 466
Ramphal, Shridath 434
Rangel, Charles 30, 116
Ransome-Kuti, Beko 563
Ransome-Kuti, Femi 563, 569
Ransome-Kuti, Funmilayo 556
Ransome-Kuti, Israel Oludotun 556
Ransome-Kuti, Josiah 556
Ransome-Kuti, Olufela see Anikulapo-Kuti, Fela
Ransome-Kuti, Seun 569
Rassemblement Démocratique Africain (Côte d’Ivoire, RDA) 160
Rastafarians 23, 63, 116, 344, 543, 546, 547, 548, 551, 552, 560
Raven, Roger 252
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation in Developing Countries Programme (UN-REDD) 272
Reeves, Conrad 303
“Regeneration of Africa” (speech by Pixley Seme) 1447, 148, 154, 169
reggae 344
religion 47, 934, 114, 149, 330, 558
reparations 22, 4850, 53, 646, 812, 178, 188, 18990, 192, 193, 296, 339
Return to Africa movement see Africa, repatriation
revolutionary praxis 36970
Rewane, Alfred 472
Rhodes, Cecil 16, 17, 28, 328
Rhodes University 3967
Rice, Susan 290
Ricoeur, Paul 424
Riza, Iqbal 201
Robeson, Paul 2930, 94, 303
Robinson, Brenda 27980, 281
Robinson, Randall 30, 48, 27880, 281, 282, 2834, 2859, 290, 291, 2924, 2956
Rodney, Percival 237, 238
Rodney, Walter 389, 57, 23741, 24250, 312, 382
Rogosin, Lionel 532
Rollins, Sonny 557
Ross Robinson, Hazel 295, 296
Royal African Company 10
Rubusana, Walter 151
Rumble in the Jungle (Zaire, 1974) 539
Russwurm, John B. 27, 242
Rustin, Bayard 223, 224
Rwanda 32, 33, 46, 199, 200, 2012, 204, 292, 440

S

Said, Edward 330
Said, Mohammed 138
Salawu, R.O.A. 469, 471
Salih, Tayeb 45
Salim, Salim Ahmed 34
Sam, Alfred 112
Sarbah, John Mensah 22
Saro-Wiwa, Ken 273, 472
Sartre, Jean-Paul 366, 453
Save the Land Harambee (Kenya) 267
Saviano, Roberto 542
Savimbi, Jonas 202
scholarship 82, 322, 372, 3745, 411
Scholes, Theophilus Edward Samuel 150, 242
Scotland, George 301
Scott King, Coretta 46
Seaga, Edward 36, 116, 186
Seeger, Pete 534
Segun, Mable 501
Seme, Pixley ka Isaka 51, 1447, 148, 14954, 169, 459
Semenya, Caiphus 536
Senegal 454
Senghor, Léopold Sédar 21, 26, 44, 51, 15960, 165, 167, 325, 327, 328, 368, 381, 417, 424, 451, 452, 4538, 459, 461, 472, 501, 535, 564
Shagari, Shehu 466
Shaka see Chaka
Shakur, Assata 517
Shearer, Hugh 237
Sheehan, Michael 204
Shivji, Issa 372
Sierra Leone 20, 28, 34, 823, 84, 85, 86, 113, 141, 149
Simon, Paul 540
Simone, Nina 534
Singh, Kirpal 515
Sirte Declaration (OAU, 1999) 3756
Slave Fugitive Act (USA, 1850) 75
slave trade 3, 710, 11, 50, 5960, 176, 185, 247, 331, 440, 441, 4678, 5445
slavery 9, 1011, 4389
cultural impact 1315, 340, 341
legacy 4, 49, 21, 1901, 296
revolts and resistance 1113, 15, 59, 348
Slovo, Gillian 253
Slovo, Joe 253
Slovo, Robyn 253
Slovo, Shawn 253
Smith, Zadie 45
Socialist Club 339
Socrates 167
Soga, Tiyo 459
Solanke, Jimi 467
Solanke, Lapido 137
Solarz, Stephen 30
Solow, Robert 353
Somalia 198, 200, 201, 202, 203, 292
Sons of Africa 20
South Africa apartheid 398, 533, 534, 535, 539
corruption 406, 409
foreign policy and peacekeeping 174, 1756, 179, 180
land 1523
non-governmental organisations 294
prisons 254, 255
sanctions against 30, 283, 287, 288, 540
universities 392, 398, 399
South African Communist Party 2556
South African Native National Congress
South African Students Organisation (SASO) 397, 3989
South West Africa see Namibia
South West African Peoples Organisation (SWAPO) 5434
Southern Africa Relief Fund (SARF) 280, 281
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (USA, SCLC) 223, 227, 228
Soyinka, Wole 6, 45, 3278, 329, 334, 432, 459, 46274, 567
St John of the Cross 432, 433
Stanley, Henry Morton 17, 303
Steiner, Achim 270
Steve Biko Foundation 3923
story-telling 48991
structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) 3578, 359
Stubbs, Aelred 399
Student Aid Association of South Africa (SASA) 538
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (United States, SNCC) 538
Sudan 258
Sullivan, Leon 30
sustainable development see environmentalism
Swaziland 153

T

talawa 550, 551
Tambo, Oliver 168
Tandon, Yash 372
Tanzania 172, 173, 183
Teilhard de Chardin, Paul 457
Telli, Diallo 27, 356
Tettegah, John 317
Thatcherism 3445
Thomas, John Jacob 242, 3023
Thompson, Dudley 52, 1829, 190, 1914
Thompson, T.J. 96
Thompson Patterson, Louise 381
Thorne, John Albert 242
Tosh, Peter 544, 5456, 549
Touré, Sékou 27, 159, 165, 173, 368, 529, 535, 538, 540
Towa, Marcien 417
TransAfrica 30, 34, 278, 284, 285, 286, 287, 28891, 292, 293, 2945
Treason Trial (South Africa, 1956) 253
Trevor-Roper, Hugh 501
Trillion Trees Campaign 271
Trinidad 299302
Trinidad Theatre Workshop (TTW) 476
triple heritage 87, 3245, 3278, 330, 332, 5645
Trotsky, Leon 306
Tubman, Harriet 13, 46
Tubman, William 141
Ture, Kwame see Carmichael, Stokely
Turner, Henry McNeal 29
Turner, Nat 1213
Tyler, George 136

U

Ubuntu 409, 506
Uganda 446
Uhuru Park (Nairobi) 274
Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) 257, 5434
United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) 161, 164
United Nations
administration of 2056
peacekeeping 2012, 203, 292
United Nations Conference on Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972) 268, 269
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) 355
United Nations Decolonization Committee 538
United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) 39, 350, 355, 356, 359, 361, 362, 373, 372
United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNECLAC) 355
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) 26970, 271, 372
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 272
United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 372
United Nations Mission in the Congo (MONUC) 174
United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB) 174
United Nations Programme of Action for Africa’s Economic Recovery and Development (UN-PAAERD) 3589
United Nations Security Council 192, 197, 1989, 202
United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid 535
United Nations World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance (Durban, 2001) 53, 646, 67, 1778, 189, 193
United States of Africa 25, 26, 35, 127, 129, 188
United States of America
civil rights movement 211, 218, 219, 223, 224, 2256, 242, 51617, 5345
civil war (1861–65) 13
policy towards Africa 312
Reconstruction (1865–77) 29
repatriation movement 278, 29
Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL) 23, 105, 106, 108, 109, 111, 11213, 114, 115, 122, 1334, 1356, 552
University Christian Movement (South Africa, UCM) 396, 397
University of Nairobi 51819, 5203, 524
University of Natal 396
University of the West Indies (UWI) 320

V

Verlaine, Paul 456
Versailles Peace Conference (1919) 1089, 123
Verwoerd, Hendrik 532
Vilakazi, Benedict 459
Vilakazi, Strike 533
Volta River project 1634, 312
Voting Rights Act (USA, 1965) 282

W

Wa Mutua, Makau 286
Wachuku, Jaja 24
Wade, Abdoulaye 65
Wailers (music group) 545, 552
Waites Hunton, Addie 101
Wakanda (mythical kingdom) 46
Walcott, Alix 482
Walcott, Derek 56, 45, 4756, 47787
Wallace-Johnson, I.T.A. 139
Walters, Alexander 22
Warner, Aucher 3078
Warner, Charles 301, 3078
Warner, Pelham 3078
Washington, Booker T. 132
Washington, Denzel 46
Washington, George 27
Washington Consensus see economic liberalisation
Weber, Max 92
Wenger, Susanne 467
West African Students’ Union (WASU) 138
West Indies Federation 401, 186, 242, 3201
Western Sahara 203
Wheatley, Phillis 1920, 551
Whitaker, Forest 46
Williams, Betty 272
Williams, Eric 36, 241, 306
Williams, Henry Sylvester 22, 58, 96, 299, 300
Williams, Jody 272
Williams, Raymond 341
Williamson, Craig 252
Wilson, Woodrow 23
Winfrey, Oprah 222
women 22, 478, 51, 101, 132, 134, 13940, 141, 143, 1645, 2356, 2646, 267, 272, 273, 445, 446, 4967, 5045, 5067, 509, 51011, 541
Women’s March (South Africa, 1956) 533
Wonder, Stevie 539
Woods, Donald 399
Working People’s Alliance (Guyana) 249
World African Diaspora Union (WADU) 1889
World Bank 197, 294, 356, 3578, 375
World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture (Lagos, 1977) 539

X

xenophobia 17980, 377, 440, 494
Xuma, Alfred Bitini 152

Y

Yar’Adua, Umaru Musa 472
youth 80, 2489, 316, 508, 510

Z

Zambia 172, 173
Zeleza, Paul Tiyambe 3267
Zenawi, Meles 352
Zimbabwe 173, 175, 5478
Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) 5434
Editor: Adekeye Adebajo

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