Index
in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)

Index

‘Abbasid dynasty 23
absolutism 105-6, 130
Adorno, Theodor 303, 357, 379
Afghanistan399, 409, 468-9
alienation 147-8, 150-4, 177-8, 190, 379, 477
and war 163
see also Rousseau; Hegel
American Constitution 160
Allison, Graham 360-1
anarchical society see Bull; Manning
anarchy 2, 290, 326
Dickinson and 249-50
Lorimer and 2, 218, 347
more or less mature 409
Waltz and 354, 386-9 passim, 417
Angell, Norman 3, 191, 230, 390, 443
Aquinas, Thomas 35-8, 43n18, 79
arbitration 229, 257
Aristotle 11, 35, 51, 87
arms control 408
see also SALT
arms race 318-19, 326, 337
Aron, Raymond 375
Ashley, Richard 418, 475, 477
Atlantic Charter 285-90 passim, see also UN
Atlantic rim 103
atomic bomb 279, 295, 314
Augustine 27, 82, 93
Ayatollah Khomeini 397-8
Axelrod, Robert 409, 416, 418
Bacon, Francis 79, 95, 106, 118-19, 123
balance of power 2, 59-60, 118, 124, 129, 143, 161-4
Bismarck and 197
as distinct from hegemony 331-2
Guicciardini and 59
Hume and 135
Machiavelli and 66n8
Morgenthau and 304, 325
Robertson and 3, 157
Rousseau and 151-2
see also containment; counterbalance; Waltz
balance of terror 329
see also MAD
balance of trade 106, 134-5
bandwagon 488
Baran, Paul 343, 364
Baudrillard, Jean 465-6, 474-5
behaviourism 355, 358
Bentham, Jeremy 12n3, 122, 174-6, 191, 258
Berlin blockade 317
von Bernhardi, Friedrich 224-5
‘Big Three’, the 280, 286, 289 (Tehran), 291, 293 (Yalta), 294 (Potsdam)
bin Laden, Osama 399, 457, 461
bipolar rivalry see Cold War; polarity
von Bismarck, Otto 197, 200n11, 209, 232
Bodin, Jean 3, 7, 86-92 passim, 105
Bossuet, Jacques-Bénigne 106, 119
Botero, Giovanni 80, 83
Boulding, Kenneth 330, 346-7
Bowman, Isaiah 259
Bramhall, John 121, 483-4
Bretton Woods system, the 291-2, 370, 389
see also GATT; IMF; World Bank
Brezhnev, Leonid 360, 365-8 passim, 422n16
British Committee on the Theory of International Politics, the 347, 352, 358, 388
Brodie, Bernard 262, 329, 344
Brundtland, Gro H. 412
Bryce, James 160, 250
Bukharin, Nikolai 262
Bull, Hedley 351, 358, 387-8, 419, 485
Burke, Edmund 144-5, 158-9, 181-4, 191, 415
Bush, George W. (Jr) 457, 469
see also war on terror
Bush, George H. W. (Sr.) 430-5 passim, 448
Butterfield, Herbert 334n16, 347-8
Buzan, Barry 409-11, 418-19
Byzantium 17, 21-2
caliph/Caliphate 22, 41n6-7, 461
Calvin, Jean 75, 93, 160
Campanella, Tomasso 79-80, 95n1
Capella, Martianus 27-8, 43n13, 50
Carnegie Endowment 230, 269
Carr, Edward H. 242, 269-71, 308, 323
and the ‘founding myth of IR’ 271
Carter, James (‘Jimmy’) 370-1
Castro, Fidel 341, 359-60, 368
Chamberlain, Neville 283-4, 308
Charlemagne 17, 25
chartered companies 101-3
checks and balances 144, 160
China 278, 368, 459-60
Christianity/Church 441
early 31-2, 38, 471
Idealism and 255, 351
Realism and 309, 363n5
shaken by printing 74-5
used by princes 54, 77-8, 105-6, 457
Churchill, Winston S. 284-90 passim,
‘iron curtain speech’ 298, 307
‘percentage deal’ 289-90
Realism and 257, 260-1
CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) 453n3, 458
class struggle 179, 296, 315
von Clausewitz, Carl P. G. 185-8, 195, 329
Clemenceau, Georges 248, 256-7, 259
climate 138, 412-14 passim
Clinton, William (‘Bill’) J. 436, 437, 448
CMEA (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) see Comecon
Cobden, Richard 191, 232
Cold War 42n10, 313-427 passim
defined 313-19
‘thaw’ 339
collective security 134, 256, 269, 291
Vattel and 134
Wilson and 256-7
colonialism 72, 100
active policy of 80-1, 100-3
liberal critique if 175
radical critique of 150, 179-80
Comecon 314, 330
Cominform 315, 322, 331, 339
Comintern 286
communism 262, 268, 461
Stalin and 295, 315, 321
see also Lenin
conservatism
Burke and 181-5
Clausewitz and 185-8
defined 181-8
fascism and 263-4, 268
neo-conservatism 414, 420n6
constructivism 484, 486
containment 298, 316-18, 342, 366
replaced by roll-back 399, 406
contract 91, 141
corruption 77, 147, 153, 177, 189
counterpoise 161, 168n14, 298
covenant 89, 91, 248
see also contract; treaty
Cox, Robert W. 408, 415-16, 418, 446, 449
CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union) 331, 406, 458
Crimean War 216
critical theory 449, 476, 357
see also Adorno
Crucé, Émeric 7, 108-9, 119
crusades 32-4, 47
CSCE (Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe) 367
Cuban Missile Crisis 359-61, 365
Cumberland, Richard 119, 121-2, 157
Curtis, Lionel 253
cyber/cyber security 473-4
dar al-Harb 23
dar al-Islam 23
Darwin, Charles 8, 191, 217-27 passim
Declaration of Independence 159-60
decolonization 334, 359, 364, 374, 380
Defoe, Daniel 134-5
democracy 138, 197, 448
and peace 138-9, 175, 435, 440, 437-42
Neorealism and 441-2
promotion of 247-8
Deng Xiaoping 421n9, 460
dependency theory 380-5 passim
centre/core and periphery 382, 284
metropole and satellite 343-4, 379
détente 366-8
deterrence 344-5
Deutsch, Karl W. 349, 375, 390, 435
dialectics 179, 226, 270
Divine Right of Kings 106, 132
Doyle, Michael 437, 454n9
Dubois, Pierre 38, 44n19
Earle, Edward M. 261, 305-6
East Bloc 315, 321-2, 330, 396, 408
debt 404-6, 421n13
Eastern Europe 17, 101, 268, 277n7, 295, 432, 458
‘Ecologism’ 422n20
empire 332, 455n13
collapse during World War I 249, 251, 267, 272n7, 278
defined 275n27, 332
Engels, Friedrich 178, 191
England/Great Britain 93-103 passim
colonial power 103, 129, 158, 215, 273n13, 320
constitutional monarchy 130-1
evolution of modern state 98-9, 237n1
as Great Power 101
English School 167n11, 347, 385, 409, 418, 485-6
equilibrium see balance of power
Erasmus, Desiderius 77-8, 148
European integration 298, 375
Churchill’s proposal of 298, 337
Council of Europe 337
ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) 318, 338, 349, 362n1
functional theory 376
Monnet and 338
evolution 148, 163-5, 177, 182, 220-7 passim
fascism 262-7 passim
assumptions of 262-3
rise of 257, 268
unwanted/outlawed 305
federation 143, 338
of Europe 154
feminism 391, 478
Ferguson, Niall 448
feudalism 18-21, 72, 409
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb 195, 207
Filmer, Robert 105-6, 119, 132
fortuna 54, 64
Foucault, Michel 475-7 passim
founding myth of IR 271
Fox, William T.R. 262, 306, 352
France
absolute monarchy 106, 118-19, 130
colonial power 103, 273n13, 320, 366
evolution of modern state 53, 98-100
as Great Power 101, 118
Franco-Prussian War (1871) 171, 230-1
Frederick II (‘the Great’) of Prussia 139-40, 351
free trade 213, 235
free-market fundamentalism 400, 423n21, 486
free-market model 417, 463, 492n18
Fukuyama, Francis 437, 440-1, 468, 479
game theory 329-30, 346, 354-5, 360-1, 374,
GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) 292-3, 378, 400
Gentili, Alberico 83-5
Gentz, Friedrich 184-5, 191
geography 137, 151, 183, 488
geopolitics 264, 316-8
Germany/Prussia 139-40
divided 317
as empire 152, 266
fragmented 101
as Great Power 171, 216
invasions by 243, 282-4
romantic politics in 206, 225-6
unified 197, 200n11, 429-30
Giddens, Anthony 464, 479
Gilpin, Robert 410, 416
glasnost 406, 462
globalization 446-7, 451, 464-5, 488
God 28, 46, 61-2, 120, 159
Godwin, William 135-6, 138, 178, 454n9
Gorbachev, Mikhail 406-7, 428-33 passim, 453n2
Gramsci, Antonio 267, 331, 415, 484, 486
Great Britain see England
‘great debates’ 270
first 270-1, 481
second 355, 357-8
third? 382, 394n11
fourth? 423n23, 481
Great Depression 280
Great Power 232, 234-5, 386, 417
Grotius, Hugo 7, 111-13, 126n6
Guicciardini, Francesco 45, 56-60 passim, 91, 125, 487
History of Italy 58
Ricordi 57, 61-4
Gulf War (1991) 433, 474
Gunder Frank, André 380
Haas, Ernst B. 375
Haeckel, Ernst 225-7
Hague Peace Conference (1899) 239n12
Hamilton, Alexander 143-4, 200n10
Haushofer, Karl 264
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich 8, 179, 188-91 passim
dialectics 188
Phenomenology of Spirit 189, 191
Philosophy of Right 189, 191
and Spirit, Volk, Geist 189-90
hegemony 264, 267, 331, 415, 485
defined 264-5, 332
US hegemony 368, 442-6, 448-9
Herder, Johann G. 195, 206, 209, 227
Herz, John 324
Hilferding, Rudolf 262
Hiroshima 279, 295
Hitler, Adolf 9
and Jews 281, 286, 310n7
political ideas of 264-7 passim, 295-6
war aims of 286, 295
Hitler-Stalin Pact see Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
Hobbes, Thomas 3, 7, 91, 107, 113-18 passim, 127, 146, 351, 482
compared to Locke 165n1
Leviathan 114-18, pacta sunt servanda 118
state of nature 115-17
Hobson, John 478
Hobson, John A. 262, 442
Holocaust 286, 310n7
Holy Roman Empire 26, 45, 99-104 passim, 152, 199n4,
human nature
fixed 324-5, 385
malleable 353, 390-1
optimistic view of 147, 256
pessimistic view of 114-16, 256, 265, 302-4
human reason 140, 148, 176
liberalism and 174
radicalism and 177-8
human rights 255, 299-300, 451, 460
humanists 50
Hume, David 15, 135, 156, 163-5, 394n10, 484-5, 492n18
Huntington, Samuel P. 376, 434, 441, 457, 468, 479
Clash of Civilizations 450, 468, 471
democracy and peace 434, 441
discusses institutions 376
Hussein, Saddam397-8, 433, 469-70
Idealism 258, 300-1
defined (by Mackinder) 260
imagined communities 238n2
see also class, nation, Romanticism
IMF (International Monetary Fund, the) 292-3, 305, 404, 463
imperialism 213-16, 341, 379, 382, 448, 455n134, 477
industrial revolution 169-72 passim, 215, 411
industrialism 210-13, 235
‘Inquiry, the’ 250, 253, 259, 273n10
institutions 376-8, 418
interdependence 3, 149, 152, 194, 217-20, 231, 235, 375, 389, 409, 446-7
Lorimer and 218-20
see also globalization
‘interest’ 55, 125, 153, 324-5
international law 90, 176, 183
see also UN Charter
international society 388, 418, 479, 485
international system 234, 330, 384-92 passim
internationalism 217
‘invisible hand’ 158, 175
IPE (international political economy) 380, 410
‘iron curtain’ 298, 333n3
ISC (International Studies Conference) 254, 271
ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) 470
Islam 22-5, 268, 433, 490n6
Italian Wars 53-5 passim, 161, 487
Italy 47-52 passim
unified 209
Japan 278-9, 319
invasions by 280
jihad 23, 244, 457, 469
just war 29, 32, 36, 78, 82, 133
Kant, Immanuel 140, 161, 163-5, 166n6, 379
Kaplan, Morton 330, 347
Kennan, George F. 297, 307, 309, 323, 326-7, 449-50,
see also containment
‘long telegram’ 297, 307, 323
Kennedy, John F. 340-1, 364, 392n1
Keohane, Robert O. 378, 389, 409-10, 418
Keynes, John M. 2, 256, 488
Khrushchev, Nikita 336, 339-42 passim, 364
Mao and 340-1
wars of liberation and 342
Kindleberger, Charles P. 377
Kissinger, Henry A. 368, 373, 393n4, 488
Knutsen, Torbjørn 480, 481
Kohl, Helmut 429-30
Korean War 317, 320, 330, 339
Krasner, Stephen 378, 409
Kratochwil, Friedrich 408, 485
language and politics 237, 483
de Las Casas, Bartolomeo 81
law/laws 30
canon 31-2, 37
civil 86-90 passim, 110-11
constitutional 88
customary 30-1, 37, 43n15
diplomatic 169
reason and 110
League of Nations 249-60 passim,
origins of 109, 249-52
reasons for failure 287-8
Lebensraum 233, 264, 282, 295
Hitler and 239n10, 282-3, 295, 353
Ratzel and 227
Schmitt and 266
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm 103-5, 119, 127n9
Lenin, Vladimir I. 9, 246-7, 262, 341
Leroy-Beaulieu, Paul 191, 231
levels of analysis 352-3, 479
liberal institutionalism 249-50, 291-2, 377
liberal internationalism 256, 269, 299
after World War I 250, 252-3, 269
after World War II 299-301, 305-6, 486
Liberalism 174-7
Lippmann, Walter 259, 306-8
Lipsius, Justus 79-80
List, Friedrich 191, 195-6, 240n16
Locke, John 8, 131-3, 156, 161
see also Vattel; Wilson
Lorimer, James 2, 191, 235, 347
LSE (London School of Economics) 230, 348
Luther, Martin 75, 93
Lyotard, François 464-5, 466, 475
Machiavelli, Niccolò 12n2, 53-6, 61-4, 66n8, 79, 125, 232, 309, 487
Mackinder, Halford J. 191, 234, 259, 287, 306, 323, 390, 485
McNamara Robert 344-5
MAD (mutual assured destruction) 330, 344
Madison, James 143-4, 442
Mahan, Alfred T. 191
Malthus, Thomas R. 95n2, 377
Mandela, Nelson 463
Manning, Charles A.W. 348, 352
Mao Zedong 267, 276n31, 317-19 passim, 341-2, 393n3
market see free-market fundamentalism; free trade
Marshall Plan, the 313, 316, 330, 337-8
Marx, Karl H. 178, 191, 240n16, 379, 482
marxism 415, 486
Marxism-Leninism see communism
Mearsheimer, John 441
media 400
de’ Medici, Lorenzo 53, 58-9, 68
mercantilism 105-7, 130
Metternich, Clément 170, 184-5, 199n7
Middle East 212, 268, 272n7, 340, 370-1, 397, 402-3, 460-1
migration 16-18, 21, 464-6, 489
Mill, John Stuart 179, 194, 217
‘mirror of Princes’ 23, 42n9, 54
Mitrany, David 301, 349, 375
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, the 283-4, 310
Monnet, Jean 251-2, 338
Monroe Doctrine 245, 266, 276n18
Montesquieu, (Charles Louis de Secondat, baron de la Brède et) 136-8, 454n9
Morgenthau, Hans J. 301-12 passim, 449
critiques Carr 309
critiques US foreign policy 308
human nature and 324-5
Niebuhr and 302, 449
Politics among Nations 303-5, 324-5
six principles of Realism 324-5
Waltz’ criticism of 353
mujahideen 399, 407, 438
Mun, Thomas 107, 119
‘Munich’ 283, 293, 397-8, 307-8, 310n4
Muslim Brotherhood 268, 398
Napoleon Bonaparte 170, 199n4
Napoleonic Wars 171, 487
nation
as ‘imagined community’ 238n2
contractual view of (Patrie) 206
organic view of (Volk) 206-8, 226
national socialism, see Nazism
nationalism 187, 204-10
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 330, 337, 431
expansion (after Cold War) 436-7, 450
formation 316-17, 333n6
natural law/law of nature 85, 112-13, 116, 165n1, 255, 235, 351, 483
defined 120, 127n7
revived after World War II 299
natural right 85
Hobbes and 116-17
Locke and 132
nature 46, 62, 131
Nazism 280, 295
see also Hitler; NSDAP
neo-conservatism see neo-liberalism; Reagan; Thatcher
Neo-idealism 10, 450, 463-4
neo-liberalism 402, 414-15, 463
neo-neo synthesis 418
Neorealism 408, 411, 417
Cox coins term 418
see also Waltz
Netherlands/United Provinces 89, 94, 98, 100-1
von Neumann, John 262, 329-30, 344, 354, 374
New Left Review 379
Newton, Isaac 8, 131, 156
Niebuhr, Reinhold 290, 309, 323, 449
Nietzsche, Friedrich 236-7, 475-6
9-11 see terrorism
Nitze, Paul 327
Nixon, Richard M. 367, 373, 389, 397
Nobel, Alfred 230
norms and rules 378, 392, 418, 484
see also institutions
North, Douglass C. 377, 418
north Atlantic rim 18, 37, 39, 99-103, 174, 188, 197
commerce/trade 49-50, 71
humanism 50
liberal culture 192-3
public sphere 50
state formation 99-103
Novicow, Jacques 191, 231
NSC-68 327
NSDAP (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) 266, 280-1
nuclear weapons 279, 295, 314
ballistic missiles 328-9
MIRV’ed 371
see also deterrence
Nuremberg Trials 299
Nye, Joseph S. Jr. 389, 409, 446
oil 212, 295, 389
oil crisis 370, 372, 397-8, 400, 402
OPEC (Organization for Petroleum Exporting Countries) 370
orientalism 477-8
Ostpolitik 367
pacta sunt servanda 91
Paine, Thomas 135-9 passim, 141-2
Paris Peace Conference (1919), the 252-8 passim, 280, 288
passion 154, 182
PC (personal computer) 400, 444, 472-3
peace
Benthan and 175
of God 31
Kant and 141, 161
movements/groups 299-30, 235, 389
peace research 346-7, 441
perestroika 406, 462
perpetual peace 250, 441-2, 487
Bentham and 175-6
Kant and 141, 154
Rousseau and 146-7
Saint-Pierre and 153-5
petroleum see oil
‘Philadelphian system’ 168n13
polarity 330, 417, 442
bipolarity 313, 330, 332, 366
multipolarity 423n24
unipolarity 442-52 passim, 456, 488
polemology 346
Popper, Karl R. 356-7
popular sovereignty 129, 170
positivism 357-8
see also behaviourism
post-colonial studies 478, 480
post-structuralism 475-81 passim, 492n14
power 325
Hobbes and 117-18
knowledge and 147-9, 474-5, 477
language and 237, 483
Morgenthau and 302
soft 446
Strange and 410
Prebish, Raul 343, 379
prestige 367, 452
printing 71, 74, 155, 205, 228
propaganda 149-50, 171, 198, 267, 413
property 115-16, 182-3
liberal understanding 159, 174
radical understanding 149, 177
public sphere 37, 50, 60, 156, 322, 330
publicists 135, 155-6
Putin, Vladimir 490n3
racism 266-7
radicalism
defined 177-81
see also communism; Marx; Rousseau; socialism
raison d’etat see reason of state
von Ranke, Leopold 232, 386
rational actor/choice 345, 365, 371, 416
Rationalism 343, 350-2, 381-2
Ratzel, Friedrich 191, 227, 233
Reagan, Ronald W. 395-408 passim, 438, 490n3
doctrine 438
Realism
after World War II 299, 305, 322, 349, 380-2
assumptions 308
classic 308, 324-7, 484, 486
complementing Idealism 260
Machiavelli and 232, 351-2
Mackinder and 259-60
Morgenthau and 309, 324
neoclassical 485
Niebuhr and 261
security studies and 343
vs. Idealism 259-61, 269-70, 323
Realpolitik 233-5, 257
reason 36, 63-4, 93, 110, 129, 163, 237, 255, 483
reason of state 49, 58-9, 65, 93, 122
regimes/regime theory 378
Reinsch, Paul S. 191, 236
religion 21-38 passim, 92, 159-61, 490n6
American politics and 159-60, 255, 275n22
law and 30-2
see also Calvin; Christianity/Church; Islam; Luther; Niebuhr; Protestantism; Puritan; Reformation; sin
religious war 92
see also jihad
‘republic of letters’ 12n1
‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) 454n8
revolution
in America 142, 159-60
in England 130-1, 170
in France 170-1
in Russia 246-7, 431-2
Revolutionism 351-5 passim, 381-2, 415
Richardson, Lewis 330, 346-7
rights 129, 141-2, 159
Locke and 132
Paine and 141-2
Rousseau and 145
Robertson, William 3, 157, 161-2
Rockefeller Foundation 240n14, 255, 269, 362n5
de Rohan, Henri (II) duc 122, 124-5
Romanticism 206-7
Rome 16, 343, 443, 448
sack of 16-17, 28-9
Roosevelt, Franklin D. 285-94 passim, 402
war-time diplomacy 288-9
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques 8, 145-55 passim, 163-5, 167n10, 179, 351-4 passim, 391-2, 482
alienation 153-4, 177
balance of power 151-2
Discourse on the Arts and Sciences 145
Discourse on Inequality 146-8
division of labour 148
Judgement of Perpetual Peace 147
origins of states 148-9
Project for a Perpetual Peace 147-8, 151
radicalism and 177, 378-8
Saint-Pierre and 146-55 passim
Social Contract 146-56
state of nature 148-9
Waltz and 391-2
Russett, Bruce 440, 442, 479
Russia/USSR 101, 212
as empire 316, 332, 340
as Great Power 98, 286-90 passim, 295
revolution in 246-7
as superpower 306, 371-2
unravelling 428-32, 334
de Saint-Pierre, Abbé 146, 153, 155
SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) 367, 369
Schelling, Thomas 330, 347, 374
Schmitt, Carl 264-6, 309
scientific revolution 122-3, 155
security 163, 411-13, 473
security community 349
security dilemma 326, 334n16, 365
security studies 262, 344
Seebohm, Frederic 191, 235
Seeley, John 232
self-interest 55, 122
al-Shaybani 24, 42n11
sin 28-9, 36, 46, 392
Singer, J. David 358
Smith, Adam 135, 156, 158, 447, 484, 492n18
Smuts, Jan 250
social contract 112, 141, 255, 487
Hume’s criticism 163
social Darwinism 224-33 passim, 239n10
Sombart, Werner 262
sovereignty 5, 87, 103-4
Bodin and 5, 6, 117, 129
Hobbes and 117
Leibniz and 103-4
Soviet Union see Russia
Spain 80-3 passim
Spencer, Herbert 194, 221-2, 231, 239n9
Spinoza, Benedict 3, 7, 107, 110-11, 119, 484
conatus 110
Sprout, Harold and Margaret 262, 412
Spykman, Nicholas 290, 306
Sputnik 318-19
stage theories 164, 177, 190, 196
Stalin, Josef 267-337 passim, 341
election speech (1945) 296, 307
foreign policy goals 295-6, 316
Ständestaat 43n16, 73, 88
state 44n20, 65, 73, 125, 128, 183, 186
as organism 227-8, 233
see also city state; nation; territorial state
state of nature 107, 110, 115-16, 487
Bentham and 176
Hobbes and 115-18, 132
Locke and 132-3
Rousseau and 148-51
Spinoza and 110
state system 39, 71, 161-2
Strange, Susan 410-11
strategic studies 337
structure/structuralism 390-2 passim, 418
struggle 221-30 passim
in fascism 227, 265
in Marxism 179, 222, 296, 321
Suez 339-40, 359
de Sully, Maximilien de Béthune, duc 154
Sumner, William 191, 223
‘superpower’ 306, 314
Sweezy, Paul 343, 364
system 162, 335n17, 386-7, 390-1, 417
closed 234, 414
organic 233-4, 413-14
systems approach/theory 325, 330, 346-7, 416, 481-6 passim
taxation 72, 100, 142
technology/innovation 400, 409, 411, 418
territorial state 42n12, 98-105 passim, 134
territoriality 6, 24, 99,
terrorism 216, 393n6, 433
international 372, 399, 461, 468, 470
9-11 attack 456-7
Thatcher, Margaret 395-6, 408, 429-30, 440
theory 322, 356
defined 3-4
wheel of IR 486
Third World 321, 334n12, 342-3, 364-70 passim, 403
Thirty Years’ War 97, 487
Thompson, William R. 416
Thucydides 15, 51, 56, 114, 143, 187
de Tocqueville, Alexis 159
tradition 15, 181-2
analytic 15, 487
historical 15-16
treaty/treaties 89
Treaty of Augsburg (1555) 78
Treaty of Utrecht (1715) 135
Treaty of Versailles (1919) 280
Treaty of (the Congress of) Vienna (1815) 193, 208
Treaty of Westphalia (1648) 78, 97-9, 120-1, 125
as foundation of international system 152-3
von Treitschke, Heinrich 232-3
Triepel, Heinrich 264-5, 331
Trotsky, Leon 247
Truce of God 31
Truman, Harry S. 294, 315, 317
two-camp theory 23, 296, 315, 333n3
Umayyad dynasty 23
UN (United Nations)
as a liberal organization 299
origins of 285-6, 288-94 passim, 311n9
UN Charter 299-300
unipolarity see polarity
USA
founding 141-3
as hegemon 331-2, 368
as superpower 306, 371-2
unipolar moment 447-8
USSR see Russia
Utopianism 270, 309
de Vattel, Émeric 8, 133, 161, 168n13, 484
Versailles Peace see Paris Peace Conference
Vietnam War 320, 368-9, 454n10
virtù 54, 64
de Vitoria, Francisco 81-3, 91, 112
Volk 185, 189-90, 207, 266
Voltaire 138
Wallace, Henry A. 288, 300, 307, 323
Wallace, Wendell 306
Wallerstein, Immanuel 383-4, 415
Waltz, Kenneth N. 350, 385-7, 416-19 passim, 442, 446, 479
Man, State and War 352-5, 484
Theory of International Politics 385-7, 416-17, 481
war 186
Augustine and 28-9
von Bernhardi and 224
von Clausewitz and 186, 208
colonial 319-21, 349-50, 369
communism and 263, 296,
Dickinson 249-50
Hegel and 189
Hobbes and 115-17
Hume and 163-4
interstate 437-9
just 29, 32, 36, 78, 133
of liberation 342, 359, 365-7 passim, 438, 467
Locke and 133, 165
Mao and 319
revolutionary 341-3, 467,
Rousseau and 147
of secession 467
societal 438
against terror 457, 467-8
see also individual wars
warfare 55, 65, 71-7 passim, 97, 171
wars of Louis XIV 128-9
Washington, George 142
Washington consensus 402-3
Weber, Max 227
Wendt, Alexander 481
West Bloc 322-3, 330
Western Europe 314
Wight, Martin 274n17, 348-52 passim, 378, 388
will 63, 164, 187
to power 236, 302
Wilson, Woodrow 9, 245-54 passim, 454n9
‘14 points’ 247-8
Wohlforth, William 488
Wolff, Christian 133
Woolf, Leonard 250
World Bank 292-3, 305, 404, 463
world-system theory 234, 486
World War I 243-50 passim
costs 249
end of 248, 310n1
unfinished business of 280
World War II 279-91 passim
end of 292, 294
preparations for 280-3
Wright, Quincy 355
Yalta 291, 293-5, 308
Yeltsin, Boris 431-2, 453n2, 458
Yugoslavia 432
Zhdanov, Andrei 315, 321-2, 343
zone of peace 135-6, 435, 437, 442

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