The Communitarisation of copyright policies
Fixed price systems for books in the EU
in The European Union and culture
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This chapter covers the Communitarisation process of policies in the field of copyright since the late 1970s. Here, European intervention initially started with the application of economic principles to the policy sector and common solutions were adopted when certain EU governments felt the need to develop positive policies. Yet two stages can be distinguished in the process of policy formation, with an evolution of policy priorities towards increased economic liberalisation. The chapter argues that the alteration of the constellation of actors involved in the policy-making process had an evident influence on the selection of policy options. In the 1990s, the constellation of actors' interests was much less favourable to the dirigistes than in the 1980s. New powerful economic actors had entered the ‘game’ and the constellation of actors was more likely to force the drafting of a ‘political’ compromise.

The European Union and culture

Between economic regulation and European cultural policy

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